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GPR143 encodes a protein that binds to heterotrimeric G proteins and is targeted to melanosomes in pigment cells. Additionally we are shipping G Protein-Coupled Receptor 143 Antibodies (44) and many more products for this protein.
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Here, we report a Chinese trio (show TRIO Proteins)-family with the son who was affected by the X-linked ocular albinism in which a novel missense mutation in the GPR143 was observed.
Twenty Chinese patients, including 15 sporadic IN cases and 5 from X-linked IN families, were recruited and underwent molecular genetic analysis. We first performed PCR-based DNA sequencing of the entire coding region and the splice junctions of the FRMD7 (show FRMD7 Proteins) and GPR143 genes in participants.
Downstream signaling from GPR143 controls RPE (show RPE Proteins) secretion of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF (show SERPINF1 Proteins)), a potent neurotrophic and antiangiogenic factor.
Five mutations in GPR143 gene were detected in each of the five families, including a novel nonsense mutation of c.333G>A,two novel splicing mutations of c.360+1G>C and c.659-1G>A, a novel small deletion mutation of c.43_50dupGACGCAGC.
intronic mutation that creates a cryptic splice-donor site in GPR143 of patients with ocular albinism
The GPR143 gene analysis identified an identical point mutation in two Ocular albinism 1 patients and their mothers .
Melanosome-autonomous regulation of size and number: the OA1 receptor sustains PMEL (show PMEL Proteins) expression.
OA1 is involved in melanoma cell migration and that OA1induced melanoma cell migration is mediated through the RAS/RAF (show RAF1 Proteins)/MEK (show MAP2K1 Proteins)/ERK (show EPHB2 Proteins) signaling pathway.
a novel splicing site mutation of the GPR143 gene was found in a Han Chinese congenital ocular albinism pedigree.
Data report that p.Y269X mutation of GPR143 gene is responsible for the pathogenesis of familial ocular albinism.
OA1 expression in both neuronal and non-neuronal tissues was examined by immunohistochemical analyses, results suggested that OA1 may modulate the monoaminergic functions in both peripheral and central nervous systems
These results identify the Oa1 transducer Galphai3 (show GNAI3 Proteins) as the first downstream component in the Oa1 signaling pathway.
OA1 interacts with MART-1 at early stages of melanogenesis to control melanosome identity and composition.
Asparagine at amino acid 106 is essential for N-glycosylation of the Oa1 protein. Mutation at amino acid 106 that eliminated glycosylation did not affect the endo/lysosomal distribution of Oa1 protein in cells.
the ocular albinism type 1 gene expression is controlled by microphthalmia transcription factor (Mitf (show MITF Proteins))
The findings indicate that Oa1 is involved in the regulation of melanosome maturation at two steps, Oa1 controls the abundance of melanosomes in RPE (show RPE Proteins) cells and has a function in the maintenance of a correct melanosomal size.
G alpha i3, like Oa1, plays important role in melanosome biogenesis. Common Oa1-G alpha i3 signaling pathway may ultimately affect axonal growth through optic chiasm.
data point to defective regulation of organelle transport in pigment cells in absence of OA1; results enlighten novel function for OA1 in pigment cells & suggest ocular albinism type 1 may result from a different mechanism than previously thought
This gene encodes a protein that binds to heterotrimeric G proteins and is targeted to melanosomes in pigment cells. This protein is thought to be involved in intracellular signal transduction mechanisms. Mutations in this gene cause ocular albinism type 1, also referred to as Nettleship-Falls type ocular albinism, a severe visual disorder. A related pseudogene has been identified on chromosome Y.
G-protein coupled receptor 143
, ocular albinism type 1 protein
, homolog of human ocular albinism 1 (Nettleship-Falls)
, ocular albinism type 1 protein homolog