Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 1, 91kDa (STAT1) (pTyr701) antibody
|Synonyms||ISGF-3, STAT91, DKFZp686B04100, AA408197, 2010005J02Rik, IMUP, H2RSP, IMUP-1, IMUP-2|
Alternatives Western Blotting (WB), Immunofluorescence (IF), Immunoprecipitation (IP)
|2 references available|
|Price||Product not available in this region.|
|Immunogen||Phosphorylated Human Stat1 Peptide|
Stat (Signal transducer and activators of transcription) proteins are critical mediators of the biologic activity of cytokines, including interleukins, interferons, erythropoietin, and growth factors. Ligand-receptor interaction leads to activation of constitutively associated JAK family kinases and subsequent recruitment/activation of Stat proteins by tyrosine phosphorylation. Active Stat proteins then move to the nucleus to promote transcription of cytokine-inducible genes. Seven Stat proteins have been cloned, each of which is differentially expressed and/or activated in a cytokine-specific and cell type-specific manner. Stat1 and Stat2 are components of the ISGF3 (Interferon-Stimulated Gene Factor 3) complex, which is the primary transcription activator induced by the binding of the interferon to a specific cell-surface receptor. Stat1 has two alternatively spliced isoforms, 91-kDa Stat1alpha and 84-kDa Stat1beta, Stat1alpha has 38 additional C-terminal amino acids. In response to the binding of IFNalpha, IFNgamma, EGF, PDGF, or CSF-1 to their respective receptors, the Stat1 subunits become tyrosine-phosphorylated at Y701, and the complex is translocated to the nucleus. This results in the formation of an active complex that includes the DNA-binding p48 subunit. This complex is responsible for modulating the transcription of the interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs).
The 4a monoclonal antibody recognizes the phosphorylated Y701 in Stat1alpha and Stat1beta.
1. Since applications vary, each investigator should titrate the reagent to obtain optimal results.
2. Please refer to us for technical protocols.
3. Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
4. Source of all serum proteins is from USDA inspected abattoirs located in the United States.
|Molecular Weight||84/91 kDa|
|Purification||Purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography.|
|Buffer||Aqueous buffered solution containing BSA, glycerol.|
|Preservative||0.09% Sodium azide.|
|Storage||Store undiluted at -20° C.|
|Restrictions||For Research Use only|
Fu, Zhang: "Transcription factor p91 interacts with the epidermal growth factor receptor and mediates activation of the c-fos gene promoter." in: Cell, Vol. 74, Issue 6, pp. 1135-45, 1993 (PubMed).
Darnell: "STATs and gene regulation." in: Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 277, Issue 5332, pp. 1630-5, 1997 (PubMed).