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Significant reduction of Cx30.2 mRNA was found in islets preparations incubated for 24h in 22mM as compared with 3.3mM glucose.
The data of this stiudy provided evidence that coupling of RG A1 cells to displaced amacrine cells is mediated by Cx30.2 and that the extent of this coupling is modulated by protein kinase C (show PKC ELISA Kits).
Cx30.2 contributes to the slowdown of impulse propagation in the atrioventricular node and limits the maximum number of beats conducted from atria to ventricles
In the hippocampus, co-immunofluorescence analyses revealed beta-galactosidase (show GLB1 ELISA Kits)/Cx30.2 expression in GABAergic inhibitory interneurons such as parvalbumin (show PVALB ELISA Kits)- and somatostatin (show SST ELISA Kits)-positive basket, axo (show MARCH7 ELISA Kits)-axonic, bistratified or oriens lacunosum-moleculare cells.
Cx30.2 and Cx40 (show GJA5 ELISA Kits) act as counterparts in the AV-node and His-bundle, decreasing or increasing, respectively, electrical coupling and conduction velocity in these areas.
A distal enhancer for the connexin 30.2 (Cx30.2, also known as Gjd3) gene required for normal atrioventricular (AV) delay in mice, is necessary and sufficient to direct expression to the developing AV conduction system, which is alos dependent on Gata4 (show GATA4 ELISA Kits).
Results describe the identification of a novel human gap junction gene that encodes a protein designated HCx31.9 (connexin 31.9).
Connexin 31.9 represents a novel connexin gene that in vivo generates a protein with unique voltage gating properties.
expression patterns differ from mouse orthologs [Cx30.2; Cx40.1]
Exogenous Cx31 (show GJB3 ELISA Kits) expression induced neurite outgrowth in human neuronal cell lines, but not differentiation in primary human keratinocytes.
Cx31.9 protein, unlike its counterpart in the mouse, is not expressed in detectable quantities and is thus unlikely to contribute to the impulse generation and conduction system or the working myocardium of the human heart.
This gene is a member of the large family of connexins that are required for the formation of gap junctions. Six connexin monomers form a hemichannel, or connexon, on the cell surface. This connexon can interact with a connexon from a neighboring cell, thus forming a channel linking the cytoplasm of the 2 cells.
, gap junction alpha-11 protein
, gap junction chi-1 protein
, gap junction delta-3 protein
, gap junction membrane channel protein chi 1
, connexin 31.9