UV-Induced DNA Damage ELISA Kit

Details for Product No. ABIN2344967, Supplier: Log in to see
Antigen
Reactivity
Others
Alternatives
Kits with alternative reactivity to:
2
Method Type
DNA-Binding ELISA
Application
ELISA
Options
Supplier
Log in to see
Supplier Product No.
Log in to see
Request

Get this product for free

It's quick and easy to submit your validation proposal. I want to validate this product

Learn more

Available images

Purpose CPD or 6-4PP-DNA standards or unknown DNA samples are first heat denatured before being adsorbed onto a 96-well DNA high-binding plate. The CPD or 6-4PPs present in the sample or standard are probed with an anti-CPD or anti-6-4PP antibody, followed by an HRP conjugated secondary antibody. The CPD or 6-4PP content in an unknown sample is determined by comparing with a standard curve that is prepared from predetermined CPD-DNA or 6-4PP-DNA standards. 2
Brand OxiSelect™
Sample Type DNA samples
Analytical Method Quantitative
Detection Method Colorimetric
Characteristics OxiSelect™ Oxidative UV-induced DNA Damage ELISA Combo Kit (CPD / 6-4PP Quantitation) is an enzyme immunoassay developed for rapid detection and quantitation of CPD or 6- 4PP in any DNA samples. The quantity of CPD or 6-4PP in unknown sample is determined by comparing its absorbance respectively with that of a known CPD-DNA or 6-4PP-DNA standard curve. CPD and 6-4PP are assayed individually in separate wells, and each kit provides sufficient reagents to perform up to a total of 96 assays for CPD and 6-4PP combined, including standard curve and unknown samples. The 96 wells may be divided between CPD and 6-4PP assays at any ratio (e.g. 64 wells for CPD and 32 wells for 6-4PP, or 48 wells for each target). Figure 1: Structures of DNA lesions induced by UV Light
Components
  1. DNA High-Binding Plate : One 96-well strip plate.
  2. DNA Binding Solution : One 6 mL bottle.
  3. Anti-CPD Antibody : One 10 μL vial.
  4. Anti-6-4PP Antibody : One 10 μL vial.
  5. Secondary Antibody, HRP Conjugate : One 50 μL vial.
  6. Assay Diluent : One 50 mL bottle.
  7. 10X Wash Buffer : One 100 mL bottle.
  8. Substrate Solution : One 12 mL amber bottle.
  9. Stop Solution (Part. No. 310808): One 12 mL bottle.
  10. CPD-DNA Standard : One 100 μL vial of 25 μg/mL CPD-DNA in 1X TE Buffer.
  11. 6-4PP-DNA Standard : One 100 μL vial of 25 μg/mL 6-4PP-DNA in 1X TE Buffer.
  12. Reduced DNA Standard : One 100 μL vial of 0.2 mg/mL reduced DNA in TE Buffer.
Material not included
  1. DNA samples such as cell or tissue genomic DNA
  2. DNA Extraction Kit
  3. Heating Block
  4. PBS
  5. 10 μL to 1000 μL adjustable single channel micropipettes with disposable tips
  6. 50 μL to 300 μL adjustable multichannel micropipette with disposable tips
  7. Multichannel micropipette reservoir
  8. Microplate reader capable of reading at 450 nm (620 nm as optional reference wave length)
Background Absorption of ultraviolet (UV) light produces two predominant types of DNA damage, cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPD) and pyrimidine (6-4) pyrimidone photoproducts (6-4PP) (Figure 1). The result is a transition of C to T and CC to TT, which are the most frequent mutations of p53 in both human and mouse skin cancers. UV damaged DNA is usually repaired by nucleotide excision repair (NER) or base excision repair (BER). After UV exposure, cells activate p53 and stall the cell cycle for repair. If the damage is too severe, the cell will trigger apoptosis to get rid of DNA damaged, potentially mutant cells.
Comment

  • Combo kit measures both CPD and 6-4PP products on a single plate, but in separate wells
  • Detects UV-damage structures from isolated DNA in standard ELISA plate format

Plate Uncoated
Reagent Preparation
  • 1X Wash Buffer: Dilute the 10X Wash Buffer Concentrate to 1X with deionized water. Stir to homogeneity.
  • Anti-CPD Antibody, Anti-6-4PP Antibody and Secondary Antibody: Immediately before use dilute the Anti-CPD or Anti-6-4PP Antibody 1:1000 and Secondary Antibody 1:1000 with Assay Diluent. Do not store diluted solutions.
Assay Procedure
  1. Extract DNA from cell or tissue samples using a commercial DNA Extraction kit or other desired method.
  2. Convert DNA sample to single-stranded DNA by incubating the sample at 95 °C for 10 minutes and rapidly chilling on ice for 10 minutes.
  3. Dilute DNA samples to 4 μg/mL in cold TE Buffer. Note: Samples with high concentrations of CPD or 6-4PP may be further diluted 2-4 fold in 4 μg/mL Reduced DNA. A titration may be performed to ensure the samples fall in the range of the standard curve.
  4. Add 50 μL of unknown DNA samples, CPD-DNA, or 6-4PP-DNA standards to the wells of the DNA High-Binding plate.
  5. Add 50 μL of DNA Binding Solution to each well. Mix well by pipetting and incubate at room temperature overnight on an orbital shaker. Each DNA sample including unknown and standard should be assayed in duplicate.
  6. Remove the DNA solutions and wash twice with PBS. Blot plate on paper towels to remove excess fluid. Add 200 μL of Assay Diluent to each well and block for 1 hour at room temperature.
  7. Remove the Assay Diluent. Blot plate on paper towels to remove excess fluid.
  8. Add 100 μL of the diluted Anti-CPD or Anti-6-4PP Antibody to all wells and incubate for 1 hour at room temperature on an orbital shaker.
  9. Wash 5 times with 250 μL of 1X Wash Buffer with thorough aspiration between each wash. After the last wash, empty wells and tap microwell strips on absorbent pad or paper towel to remove excess 1X Wash Buffer.
  10. Add 100 μL of the diluted Secondary Antibody-HRP Conjugate to all wells and incubate for 1 hour at room temperature on an orbital shaker. Wash the strip wells 5 times according to step 9 above.
  11. Warm Substrate Solution to room temperature. Add 100 μL of Substrate Solution to each well, including the blank wells. Incubate at room temperature on an orbital shaker. Actual incubation time may vary from 2-30 minutes. Note: Watch plate carefully, if color changes rapidly, the reaction may need to be stopped sooner to prevent saturation.
  12. Stop the enzyme reaction by adding 100 μL of Stop Solution to each well. Results should be read immediately (color will fade over time).
  13. Read absorbance of each well on a microplate reader using 450 nm as the primary wave length. Use the Reduced DNA Standard as an absorbance blank. 5
Restrictions For Research Use only
Handling Advice Avoid multiple freeze/thaw cycles.
Storage 4 °C/-20 °C
Storage Comment Upon receipt, aliquot and store the Reduced DNA, CPD-DNA, and 6-4PP-DNA Standards at -20°C to avoid multiple freeze/thaw cycles. Store all other components at 4°C.
Supplier Images
ELISA image for UV-Induced DNA Damage ELISA Kit (ABIN2344967) CPD-DNA Standard Curves
ELISA image for UV-Induced DNA Damage ELISA Kit (ABIN2344967) 6-4PP-DNA Standard Curves
ELISA image for UV-Induced DNA Damage ELISA Kit (ABIN2344967) DNA Damage Induced by UV Light. 0.2 mg/mL Calf thymus DNA was exposed to UV light ins...
ELISA image for UV-Induced DNA Damage ELISA Kit (ABIN2344967) DNA Damage Induced by UV Light. 0.2 mg/mL Calf thymus DNA was exposed to UV light ins...
Product cited in: Fang, Chen, Li, Jian, Li, Lin, Lin: "Methyl-CpG binding domain protein acts to regulate the repair of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers on rice DNA." in: Scientific reports, Vol. 6, pp. 34569, 2016 (PubMed).

Gao, Yang, Zhu, Zhang, Zhuo, Miao, Tang, Liu, Wang: "The tomato DDI2, a PCNA ortholog, associating with DDB1-CUL4 complex is required for UV-damaged DNA repair and plant tolerance to UV stress." in: Plant science : an international journal of experimental plant biology, Vol. 235, pp. 101-10, 2015 (PubMed).

Fujimori, Suzuki, Nakajima, Suzuki: "Plant DNA-damage repair/toleration 100 protein repairs UV-B-induced DNA damage." in: DNA repair, Vol. 21, pp. 171-6, 2014 (PubMed).