Cytokines play an important role in innate immunity, apoptosis, angiogenesis, cell growth and differentiation. They are involved in interactions between different cell types, cellular responses to environmental conditions, and maintenance of homeostasis. In addition, cytokines are also involved in most disease processes, including cancer and cardiac diseases. The traditional method for cytokine detection and quantification is through the use of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent array (ELISA). In this method, target protein is first immobilized to a solid support. The immobilized protein is then complexed with an antibody that is linked to an enzyme. Detection of the enzyme-complex can then be visualized through the use of a substrate that produces a detectable signal. While the traditional method works well for a single protein, the overall procedure is time consuming and requires a lot of sample. With little sample to work with, conservation of precious small quantities becomes a risky task. Take the advantage of advancement in microarray technology over the last decade, more and more choices are available to the scientist today. A long-standing leader in the field, Raybiotech, has pioneered the development of cytokine antibody arrays, which has now been widely applied in the research community with hundreds of peer reviewed publications such as in Cell and Nature. Quantibody® array, our quantitative array platform, uses the multiplexed sandwich ELISA-based technology and enables researchers to accurately determine the concentration of multiple cytokines simultaneously. It combines the advantages of the high detection sensitivity / specificity of ELISA and the high throughput of the arrays. Like a traditional sandwich- based ELISA, it uses a pair of cytokine specific antibodies for detection. A capture antibody is first bound to the glass surface. After incubation with the sample, the target cytokine is trapped on the solid surface. A second biotin- labeled detection antibody is then added, which can recognize a different isotope of the target cytokine. The cytokine-antibody-biotin complex can then be visualized through the addition of the streptavidin-labeled Cy3 equivalent dye using a laser scanner. Unlike the traditional ELISA, Quantibody products use array format. By arraying multiple cytokine specific capture antibodies onto a glass support, multiplex detection of cytokines in one experiment is made possible. In detail, one standard glass slide is spotted with 16 wells of identical cytokine antibody arrays. Each antibody, together with the positive controls is arrayed in quadruplicate. The slide comes with a 16-well removable gasket which allows for the process of 16 samples in one slide. Four slide chips can be nested into a tray, which matches a standard microplate and allows for automated robotic high throughput process of 64 arrays simultaneously. For cytokine quantification, the array specific cytokine standards, whose concentration has been predetermined, are provided to generate a standard curve for each cytokine. In a real experiment, standard cytokines and samples will be assayed in each array simultaneously through a sandwich ELISA procedure. By comparing signals from unknown samples to the standard curve, the cytokine concentration in the samples will be determined. Quantibody® array kits have been confirmed to have similar detection sensitivity as traditional ELISA. Our current high density Quantibody kits allow scientists to quantitatively determine the concentration of 240 human or 120 mouse cytokines in a single experiment. This is not only one of the most efficient products on the market for cytokine quantification, but makes it more affordable for quantification of large number of proteins. Simultaneous detection of multiple cytokines undoubtedly provides a powerful tool for drug and biomarker discovery.