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|Antigen||Tubulin, beta (TUBB) Antibodies|
|Conjugate||This TUBB antibody is un-conjugated Alternatives|
Immunocytochemistry (ICC), Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin-embedded Sections) (IHC (p)), Western Blotting (WB)
|7 references available|
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Product Details anti-TUBB AntibodyTarget Details TUBB Application Details Handling References for anti-TUBB Antibody (ABIN93914) Images
|Specificity||The antibody TU-06 recognizes an epitope (aa 81-95) on phylogenetically conserved N-terminal structural domain of beta-tubulin (recognizes all beta-tubulin isoforms) in various species.|
|Purification||Purified from ascites by precipitation methods.|
|Purity||> 95 % (by SDS-PAGE)|
|Immunogen||Beta-subunits of porcine brain tubulin.|
Target Details TUBBProduct Details anti-TUBB Antibody Application Details Handling References for anti-TUBB Antibody (ABIN93914) Images back to top
|Alternative Name||TUBB (TUBB Antibody Abstract)|
|Background||The microtubules are intracellular dynamic polymers made up of evolutionarily conserved polymorphic alpha/beta-tubulin heterodimers and a large number of microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs). The microtubules consist of 13 protofilaments and have an outer diameter 25 nm. Microtubules have their intrinsic polarity, highly dynamic plus ends and less dynamic minus ends. Microtubules are required for vital processes in eukaryotic cells including mitosis, meiosis, maintenance of cell shape and intracellular transport. Microtubules are also necessary for movement of cells by means of flagella and cilia. In mammalian tissue culture cells microtubules have their minus ends anchored in microtubule organizing centers (MTOCs).The GTP (guanosintriphosphate) molecule is an essential for tubulin heterodimer to associate with other heterodimers to form microtubule. In vivo, microtubule dynamics vary considerably. Microtubule polymerization is reversible and a populations of microtubules in cells are on their minus ends either growing or shortening -, this phenomenon is called dynamic instability of microtubules. On a practical level, microtubules can easily be stabilized by the addition of non-hydrolysable analogues of GTP (eg. GMPPCP) or more commonly by anti-cancer drugs such as Taxol. Taxol stabilizes microtubules at room temperature for many hours. Using limited proteolysis by enzymes both tubulin subunits can be divided into N-terminal and C-terminal structural domains.The beta-tubulin (relative molecular weight around 50 kDa) is counterpart of alpha-tubulin in tubulin heterodimer, it is coded by multiple tubulin genes and it is also posttranslationally modified. Heterogeneity of subunit is concentrated in C-terminal structural domain.|
Application DetailsProduct Details anti-TUBB Antibody Target Details TUBB Handling References for anti-TUBB Antibody (ABIN93914) Images back to top
Western Blotting: Recommended dilution: 1 µg/mL, 60 min
Positive control: HPB-ALL human peripheral blood leukemia cell line
Sample preparation: Resuspend approx. 50 mil. cells in 1 mL cold Lysis buffer (1 % laurylmaltoside in 20 mM Tris/Cl, 100 mM NaCl pH 8.2, 50 mM NaF including Protease inhibitor Cocktail). Incubate 60 min on ice. Centrifuge to remove cell debris. Mix lysate with reducing Laemmli SDS-PAGE sample buffer.
Application note: Reducing conditions.
Immunohistochemistry (paraffin sections) Recommended dilution: 5 µg/mL
Positive tissue: heart.
Immunocytochemistry: Recommended dilution: Purified Antibody: 2 µg/mL
Staining technique: fixed and permeabilized cells
Positive control: 3T3 mouse embryonal fibroblast cell line
Working concentrations should be determined by the investigator.
|Restrictions||For Research Use only|
HandlingProduct Details anti-TUBB Antibody Target Details TUBB Application Details References for anti-TUBB Antibody (ABIN93914) Images back to top
|Buffer||Tris buffered saline (TBS) with 15 mM sodium azide, approx. pH 8.0|
|Precaution of Use||WARNING: Reagents contain sodium azide. Sodium azide is very toxic if ingested or inhaled. Avoid contact with skin, eyes, or clothing. Wear eye or face protection when handling. If skin or eye contact occurs, wash with copious amounts of water. If ingested or inhaled, contact a physician immediately. Sodium azide yields toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide-containing compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in lead or copper plumbing.|
|Handling Advice||Do not freeze.|
|Storage Comment||Store at 2-8 °C. Do not use after expiration date stamped on vial label.|
References for anti-TUBB Antibody (ABIN93914)Product Details anti-TUBB Antibody Target Details TUBB Application Details Handling Images back to top
|Product cited in:||
Tobita, Liu, Janczewski, Tinney, Nonemaker, Augustine, Stolz, Shroff, Keller: "Engineered early embryonic cardiac tissue retains proliferative and contractile properties of developing embryonic myocardium." in: American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, Vol. 291, Issue 4, pp. H1829-37, 2006
Libusová, Sulimenko, Sulimenko, Janisch, Hozák, Dráber: "Distinct localization of a beta-tubulin epitope in the Tetrahymena thermophila and Paramecium caudatum cortex." in: Protoplasma, Vol. 225, Issue 3-4, pp. 157-67, 2005
Solecki, Model, Gaetz, Kapoor, Hatten: "Par6alpha signaling controls glial-guided neuronal migration." in: Nature neuroscience, Vol. 7, Issue 11, pp. 1195-203, 2004
Smertenko, Blume, Viklický, Opatrný, Dráber: "Post-translational modifications and multiple tubulin isoforms in Nicotiana tabacum L. cells." in: Planta, Vol. 201, Issue 3, pp. 349-58, 1997
Smertenko, Blume, Viklický, Dráber: "Exposure of tubulin structural domains in Nicotiana tabacum microtubules probed by monoclonal antibodies." in: European journal of cell biology, Vol. 72, Issue 2, pp. 104-12, 1997
Dráber, Dráberová, Viklický: "Immunostaining of human spermatozoa with tubulin domain-specific monoclonal antibodies. Recognition of a unique beta-tubulin epitope in the sperm head." in: Histochemistry, Vol. 95, Issue 5, pp. 519-24, 1991
Dráber, Dráberová, Linhartová, Viklický: "Differences in the exposure of C- and N-terminal tubulin domains in cytoplasmic microtubules detected with domain-specific monoclonal antibodies." in: Journal of cell science, Vol. 92 ( Pt 3), pp. 519-28, 1990
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