Human TREM-2 / TREM2 ELISA Pair Set

Details for Product No. ABIN2010535, Supplier: Log in to see
Antigen
  • TREM-A1
  • TREM-B1
  • TREM2
  • trem-2
  • trem2a
  • trem2b
  • trem2c
  • TREM-2
  • Trem2a
  • Trem2b
  • Trem2c
  • triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2
  • TREM2
  • trem2
  • LOC100228399
  • Trem2
Reactivity
Human
Host
Rabbit
Conjugate
HRP
Method Type
Sandwich ELISA
Application
ELISA
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Purpose The Human TREM-2 / TREM2 ELISA Pair Set is for the quantitative determination of Human TREM-2 / TREM2.
This ELISA Pair Set contains the basic components required for the development of sandwich ELISAs.
Detection Method Colorimetric
Sensitivity 125 pg/mL
Characteristics Capture Antibody: 0.25 mg/mL of rabbit anti-TREM2 monoclonal antibody, Dilute to a working concentration of 2.0 μg/mL in CBS before coating.

Detection Antibody: 0.5 mg/mL mouse anti-TREM2 monoclonal antibody conjugated to horseradish-peroxidase (HRP). Dilute to working concentration of 0.5 μg/mL in detection antibody dilution buffer before use.

Standard: Each vial contains 95 ng of recombinant TREM2. Reconstitute standard powder with 1 mL detection antibody dilution buffer. After reconstitution, store at -20 °C to -80 °C in a manual defrost freezer. A six-point standard curve using 2-fold serial dilutions in sample dilution buffer, and a high standard of 4000 pg/mL is recommended.

Sensitivity: The minimum detectable dose of Human TREM-2 / TREM2 was determined to be approximately 125 pg/mL. This is defined as at least three times standard deviations above the mean optical density of 10 replicates of the zero standard.
Components
  • Capture Ab
  • Detection Ab
  • Standard
Material not included CBS - 0.05 M
Na2CO3 - 0.05 M
NaHCO3, pH 9.6, 0.2 μm filtered
TBS - 25 mM
Tris, adjust pH to 7.4 by HCl
Wash Buffer - 0.05 % Tween20 in TBS, pH 7.2 - 7.4
Blocking Buffer - 5 % BSA in Wash Buffer
Sample dilution buffer - 0.5 % BSA in wash buffer, pH 7.2 - 7.4, 0.2 μm filtered
Detection antibody dilution buffer - 0.5 % BSA in wash buffer, pH 7.2 - 7.4, 0.2 μm filtered
Substrate Solution: To achieve best assay results, fresh substrate solution is recommended Substrate stock solution - 10 mg/mL TMB (Tetramethylbenzidine ) in DMSO Substrate dilution buffer - 0.05 M Na2HPO4 and 0.025 M citric acid , adjust pH to 5.5
Substrate working solution - For each plate dilute 250 μL substrate stock solution in 25 mL substrate dilutionbuffer and then add 80 μL 0.75 % H2O2 , mix it well
Stop Solution - 2 N H2SO4
Alternative Name TREM2
Background Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 ( TREM2) is a single Ig domain receptor. It is expressed onmacrophages and dendritic cells but not on granulocytes or monocytes. Its expression is most abundant in the basalganglia, corpus callosum, medulla oblongata and spinal cord, and microglial cells are the major TREM2-producing celltype in the central nervous system (CNS) . TREM2 may play a role in chronic inflammations and may stimulateproduction of constitutive rather than inflammatory chemokines and cytokines. TREM2 forms a receptor signalingcomplex with TYROBP and triggers activation of the immune responses in macrophages and dendritic cells. It alsoassociates with the signal adapter protein, DAP12, which has a cytoplasmic ITAM, leading to the subsequent activationof cytoplasmic tyrosine kinases. TREM2 is both required and sufficient for competent uptake of apoptotic neuronal cells. TREM2 and TREM2-L form a receptor-ligand pair connecting microglia with apoptotic neurons, directing removal ofdamaged cells to allow repair. Deficiency of the adapter protein DAP12 or its associated receptor TREM2 is associatedwith abnormal osteoclast development in humans. Defects in TREM2 are causes of PLOSL, also known as NHD. Inaddition, TREM2 signaling is also an important pathway to promote healing of wounds in the colon where stem cellreplacement is necessary.
Research Area Immunology, Innate Immunity, Signaling
Application Notes Optimal working dilution should be determined by the investigator.
Protocol This ELISA Pair Set is a solid phase sandwich ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay). It utilizes a monoclonal antibody specific for TREM-2 / TREM2 coated on a 96-well plate. Standards and samples are added to the wells, and any TREM-2 / TREM2 present binds to the immobilized antibody. The wells are washed and a horseradish peroxidase conjugated mouse anti-TREM-2 / TREM2 monoclonal antibody is then added, producing an antibody-antigen-antibody "sandwich". The wells are again washed and TMB substrate solution is loaded, which produces color in proportion to the amount of TREM-2 / TREM2 present in the sample. To end the enzyme reaction, the stop solution is added and absorbances of the microwell are read at 450 nm.
Reagent Preparation
  1. Dilute the capture antibody to the working concentration in CBS. Immediately coat a 96-well microplate with 100 μL per well of the diluted capture antibody. Seal the plate and incubate overnight at 4 °C.
    2. Aspirate each well and wash with at least 300 μL wash buffer, repeating the process two times for a total of three washes. Complete removal of liquid at each step is essential for good performance. After the last wash, remove any remaining wash buffer by inverting the plate and blotting it against clean paper towels.
    3. Block plates by adding 300 μL of blocking buffer to each well. Incubate at room temperature for a minimum of 1 hour.
    4. Repeat the aspiration/wash as in step 2. The plates are now ready for sample addition.
Assay Procedure
  1. Add 100 μL of sample or standards in sample dilution buffer per well. Seal the plate and incubate 2 hours at roomtemperature.
    2. Repeat the aspiration/wash as in step 2 of plate preparation.
    3. Add 100 μL of the detection antibody, diluted in antibody dilution buffer, to each well. Seal the plate and incubate 1hour at room temperature.
    4. Repeat the aspiration/wash as in step 2 of plate preparation.
    5. Add 200 μL of substrate solution to each well. Incubate for 20 minutes at room temperature (if substrate solutionis not as requested, the incubation time should be optimized). Avoid placing the plate in direct light.
    6. Add 50 μL of stop solution to each well. Gently tap the plate to ensure thorough mixing.
    7. Determine the optical density of each well immediately, using a microplate reader set to 450 nm.
Calculation of Results

Calculate the mean absorbance for each set of duplicate standards, controls and samples. Subtract the mean zero standard absorbance from each. Construct a standard curve by plotting the mean absorbance for each standard on the y-axis against the concentration on the x-axis and draw a best fit curve through the points on the graph. To determine the concentration of the unknowns, find the unknowns' mean absorbance value on the y-axis and draw a horizontal line to the standard curve. At the point of intersection, draw a vertical line to the x-axis and read the concentration. If samples have been diluted, the concentration read from the standard curve must be multiplied by the dilution factor. Alternatively, computer-based curve-fitting statistical software may also be employed to calculate the concentration of the sample.

Restrictions For Research Use only
Format Liquid
Handling Advice Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage -20 °C,-80 °C
Storage Comment Capture Antibody: Aliquot and store at -20°C to -80°C for up to 6 months from date of receipt. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.

Detection Antibody: Protect it from prolonged exposure to light. Aliquot and store at -20°C to -80°C and for up to 6 months from date of receipt. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.

Standard: Store lyophilized standard at -20°C to -80°C for up to 6 months from date of receipt. Aliquot and store the reconstituted Standard at -80°C for up to 1 month. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Expiry Date 6 months
Supplier Images
 image for Human TREM-2 / TREM2 ELISA Pair Set (ABIN2010535) Human TREM-2 / TREM2 ELISA Pair Set
Product cited in: Kleinberger, Yamanishi, Suárez-Calvet, Czirr, Lohmann, Cuyvers, Struyfs, Pettkus, Wenninger-Weinzierl, Mazaheri, Tahirovic, Lleó, Alcolea, Fortea, Willem, Lammich, Molinuevo, Sánchez-Valle, Antonell et al.: "TREM2 mutations implicated in neurodegeneration impair cell surface transport and phagocytosis. ..." in: Science translational medicine, Vol. 6, Issue 243, pp. 243ra86, 2014 (PubMed).