ATG4 Autophagy Related 4 Homolog A (S. Cerevisiae) (ATG4A) (N-Term) Peptide

Details for Product No. ABIN699802
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Protein Name
Synonyms APG4A, AUTL2, AI627006, AV169859, Apg4a, Atg4al, Autl2, Aut2a, zgc:111958, apg4a, autl2, F6E13.27
Protein Region
N-Term
Application
Blocking Peptide (BP)
Pubmed 5 references available
Catalog no. ABIN699802
Quantity 0.1 mg
Price
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Immunogen Synthetic peptide
Specificity The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP1808a was selected from the N-term region of human Autophagy APG4A. A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.
Alternative Name APG4A
Background Macroautophagy is the major inducible pathway for the general turnover of cytoplasmic constituents in eukaryotic cells, it is also responsible for the degradation of active cytoplasmic enzymes and organelles during nutrient starvation. Macroautophagy involves the formation of double-membrane bound autophagosomes which enclose the cytoplasmic constituent targeted for degradation in a membrane bound structure, which then fuse with the lysosome (or vacuole) releasing a single-membrane bound autophagic bodies which are then degraded within the lysosome (or vacuole). APG4A is a cysteine protease required for autophagy, which cleaves the C-terminal part of either MAP1LC3, GABARAPL2 or GABARAP, allowing the liberation of form I. A subpopulation of form I is subsequently converted to a smaller form (form II). Form II, with a revealed C-terminal glycine, is considered to be the phosphatidylethanolamine (PE)-conjugated form, and has the capacity for the binding to autophagosomes. Preferred substrate is GABARAPL2 followed by MAP1LC3A and GABARAP.
Comment

Background: Macroautophagy is the major inducible pathway for the general turnover of cytoplasmic constituents in eukaryotic cells, it is also responsible for the degradation of active cytoplasmic enzymes and organelles during nutrient starvation. Macroautophagy involves the formation of double-membrane bound autophagosomes which enclose the cytoplasmic constituent targeted for degradation in a membrane bound structure, which then fuse with the lysosome (or vacuole) releasing a single-membrane bound autophagic bodies which are then degraded within the lysosome (or vacuole). APG4A is a cysteine protease required for autophagy, which cleaves the C-terminal part of either MAP1LC3, GABARAPL2 or GABARAP, allowing the liberation of form I. A subpopulation of form I is subsequently converted to a smaller form (form II). Form II, with a revealed C-terminal glycine, is considered to be the phosphatidylethanolamine (PE)-conjugated form, and has the capacity for the binding to autophagosomes. Preferred substrate is GABARAPL2 followed by MAP1LC3A and GABARAP.

Restrictions For Research Use only
Storage 4 °C/-20 °C
Storage Comment Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles
Expiry Date 6 months
Background publications Shintani, Klionsky: "Autophagy in health and disease: a double-edged sword." in: Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 306, Issue 5698, pp. 990-5, 2004 (PubMed).

Levine: "Eating oneself and uninvited guests: autophagy-related pathways in cellular defense." in: Cell, Vol. 120, Issue 2, pp. 159-62, 2005 (PubMed).

Lum, DeBerardinis, Thompson: "Autophagy in metazoans: cell survival in the land of plenty." in: Nature reviews. Molecular cell biology, Vol. 6, Issue 6, pp. 439-48, 2005 (PubMed).

Baehrecke: "Autophagy: dual roles in life and death?" in: Nature reviews. Molecular cell biology, Vol. 6, Issue 6, pp. 505-10, 2005 (PubMed).

Greenberg: "Degrade or die: a dual function for autophagy in the plant immune response." in: Developmental cell, Vol. 8, Issue 6, pp. 799-801, 2005 (PubMed).

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Order hotline:

  • +1 404 474 4654
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