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|Application / Reactivity||Human|
|ELISA||19 ELISA Kits|
|Antigen||Fms-Related tyrosine Kinase 1 (Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor/vascular Permeability Factor Receptor) (FLT1) ELISA Kits|
Kits with alternative reactivity to:
|Methode Type||Sandwich ELISA|
|Detection Range||78.13-5000 pg/mL|
|Minimum Detection Limit||78.13 pg/mL|
|5 references available|
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Product Details FLT1 ELISA KitTarget details Application Details Handling References for FLT1 Kit (ABIN414833) Images
|Purpose||The kit is a sandwich enzyme immunoassay for in vitro quantitative measurement of VEGFR1 in Serum,Plasma,Tissue Homogenate,Saliva,Follicular Fluid,Cell Lysate,Cell Culture Supernatant,Biological Fluids|
|Sample Type||Serum, Plasma, Tissue Homogenate, Saliva, Follicular Fluid, Cell Lysate, Biological Fluids|
|Specificity||This assay has high sensitivity and excellent specificity for detection of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor 1 (VEGFR1).|
|Cross-Reactivity (Details)||No significant cross-reactivity or interference between Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor 1 (VEGFR1) and analogues was observed.|
The sensitivity of this assay, or Lower Limit of Detection (LLD) was defined as the lowest protein concentration that could be differentiated from zero. It was determined by adding two standard deviations - the mean optical density value of twenty zero standard replicates and calculating the corresponding concentration.
|Characteristics||The test principle applied in this kit is Sandwich enzyme immunoassay. The microtiter plate provided in this kit has been pre-coated with an antibody specific to Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor 1 (VEGFR1). Standards or samples are then added to the appropriate microtiter plate wells with a biotin-conjugated antibody specific to Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor 1 (VEGFR1). Next, Avidin conjugated to Horseradish Peroxidase (HRP) is added to each microplate well and incubated. After TMB substrate solution is added, only those wells that contain Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor 1 (VEGFR1), biotin-conjugated antibody and enzyme-conjugated Avidin will exhibit a change in color. The enzyme-substrate reaction is terminated by the addition of sulphuric acid solution and the color change is measured spectrophotometrically at a wavelength of 450nm ± 10nm. The concentration of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor 1 (VEGFR1) in the samples is then determined by comparing the O.D. of the samples to the standard curve.|
Pre-coated, ready to use 96-well strip plate: 1
Plate sealer for 96 wells: 4
Standard Diluent: 1×20 mL
Detection Reagent A: 1×120 µL
Assay Diluent: A 1×12 mL
Detection Reagent B: 1×120 µL
Assay Diluent B: 1×12 mL
Substrate A: 1×10 mL
Substrate B: 1×2 mL
Wash Buffer (30 × concentrate): 1×20 mL
Instruction manual: 1
|Material not included||
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|Alternative Name||VEGFR1 (FLT1 ELISA Kit Abstract)|
Application DetailsProduct Details FLT1 ELISA Kit Target details Handling References for FLT1 Kit (ABIN414833) Images back to top
Information on standard material:
|Sample Volume||100 μL|
|Assay Time||4.5 h|
|Plate||Pre-coated,Strips (12 x 8),96 wells|
1. Prepare all reagents, samples and standards
2. Add 100 µL standard or sample to each well. Incubate 2 hours at 37 °C
3. Aspirate and add 100 µL prepared Detection Reagent A. Incubate 1 hour at 37 °C
4. Aspirate and wash 3 times
5. Add 100 µL prepared Detection Reagent B. Incubate 30 minutes at 37 °C
6. Aspirate and wash 5 times
7. Add 90 µL Substrate Solution. Incubate 15-25 minutes at 37 °C
8. Add 50 µL Stop Solution. Read at 450 nm immediately.
Serum: Allow samples to clot for two hours at room temperature or overnight at 4°C before centrifugation for 20 minutes at approximately 1000 × g. Assay immediately or store samples in aliquot at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles.
Plasma: Collect plasma using EDTA or heparin as an anticoagulant. Centrifuge samples for 15 minutes at 1000 × g within 30 minutes of collection. Remove plasma and assay immediately or store samples in aliquot at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles.
Tissue Homogenates: The preparation of tissue homogenates will vary depending upon tissue type. For this assay, rinse tissues in ice-cold PBS (0.02mol/L,pH 7.0-7.2) to remove excess blood thoroughly and weigh before homogenization. Mince the tissues to small pieces and homogenize them in 5-10 mL of PBS with a glass homogenizer on ice (Micro Tissue Grinders work, too). Sonicate the resulting suspension with an ultrasonic cell disrupter or subject it to two freeze-thaw cycles to further break the cell membranes. Centrifugate the homogenates for 5 minutes at 5000 × g. Remove the supernate and assay immediately or aliquot and store at -20°C
Cell Lysate: Cells must be lysed before assaying according to the following directions. Adherent cells should be detached with trypsin and then collected by centrifugation (suspension cells can be collected by centrifugation directly). Wash cells three times in cold PBS. Resuspend cells in PBS (1×) and subject them to ultrasonication for 4 times (or Freeze cells at -20 °C. Thaw cells with gentle mixing. Repeat the freeze/thaw cycle for 3 times.) Centrifuge at 1500 × g for 10 minutes at 2 - 8°C to remove cellular debris.
Saliva: Collect sample in centrifuge tube. To clarify, freeze sample at -70°C for 1 hour. Thaw sample on ice, and centrifuge at 2,000 × g for 10 minutes. Transfer clarified supernatant to clean tube for use in the assay. Alternatively, the clarified saliva samples can be frozen at -20°C and assayed at a later date. It is recommended that the saliva sample be aliquoted to convenient volumes prior to storing at -20°C to avoid multiple freeze thaw cycles.
Cell Culture Supernatant: Centrifuge samples for 20 minutes at 1000 × g. Remove particulates and assay immediately or store samples in aliquot at -20 °C or -80 °C for later use. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles.
Biological Fluids: Centrifuge samples for 20 minutes at 1000 × g. Remove particulates and assay immediately or store samples in aliquot at -20 °C or -80 °C for later use. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles.
|Calculation of Results||
Average the duplicate readings for each standard, control, and samples and subtract the average zero standard optical density. Construct a standard curve by plotting the mean O.D. and concentration for each standard and draw a best fit curve through the points on the graph or create a standard curve on log-log graph paper with VEGFR1 concentration on the y-axis and absorbance on the x-axis. Using some plot software, for instance, curve expert 1.30, is also recommended. If samples have been diluted, the concentration read from the standard curve must be multiplied by the dilution factor.
In order to make the calculation easier, we plot the O.D. value of the standard (X-axis) against the known concentration of the standard (Y-axis), although concentration is the independent variable and O.D. value is the dependent variable. However, the O.D. values of the standard curve may vary according to the conditions of assay performance (e.g. operator, pipetting technique, washing technique or temperature effects), plotting log of the data to establish standard curve for each test is recommended. Typical standard curve below is provided for reference only.
Intra-assay Precision (precision within an assay): 3 samples with low, middle and high level human VEGFR1 were tested 20 times on one plate, respectively.
Inter-assay Precision (precision between assays): 3 samples with low, middle and high level human VEGFR1 were tested on 3 different plates, 8 replicates in each plate.
CV (%) = SD/mean X 100
|Restrictions||For Research Use only|
HandlingProduct Details FLT1 ELISA Kit Target details Application Details References for FLT1 Kit (ABIN414833) Images back to top
|Precaution of Use||The Stop Solution suggested for use with this kit is an acid solution. Wear eye, hand, face, and clothing protection when using this material.|
|Handling Advice||The stability of kit is determined by the loss rate of activity. The loss rate of this kit is less than 5 % within the expiration date under appropriate storage condition. To minimize extra influence on the performance, operation procedures and lab conditions, especially room temperature, air humidity, incubator temperature should be strictly controlled. It is also strongly suggested that the whole assay is performed by the same operator from the beginning to the end.|
|Storage||4 °C/-20 °C|
|Expiry Date||6 months|
References for FLT1 Kit (ABIN414833)Product Details FLT1 ELISA Kit Target details Application Details Handling Images back to top
|Product cited in:||
Forte, Torricelli, Boanini, Gazzano, Rubini, Fini, Bigi: "Antioxidant and bone repair properties of quercetin-functionalized hydroxyapatite: An in vitro osteoblast-osteoclast-endothelial cell co-culture study." in: Acta biomaterialia, Vol. 32, pp. 298-308, 2016
Fekrmandi, Wang, White: "The hormone-bound vitamin D receptor enhances the FBW7-dependent turnover of NF-κB subunits." in: Scientific reports, Vol. 5, pp. 13002, 2015
Chiang, Lai, Kunzelmann: "Polishing mechanism of light-initiated dental composite: Geometric optics approach." in: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi, 2015
Li, Liu, Bin, Wang, Chen, Xiu, Pei, Lai, Chen, Fan, Xie, Tao, Wu: "Mutant hypoxia inducible factor-1? improves angiogenesis and tissue perfusion in ischemic rabbit skeletal muscle." in: Microvascular research, Vol. 81, Issue 1, pp. 26-33, 2011
Sun, Huang, Phillips, Luo, Zhu, Shi, Li: "Growth differentiation factor 15 and coronary collateral formation." in: Clinical cardiology, Vol. 33, Issue 1, pp. E1-5, 2010
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