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Tubby and Tulp1 mediated phagocytosis through MerTK-dependent signaling with non-muscle myosin II redistribution leading to colocalization of phagocytosed vesicles with rearranged NMMIIA.
Tubby and Tulp1 (show TULP1 Proteins) are bridging molecules with their N-terminal region as MERTK (show MERTK Proteins)-binding domain and C-terminal region as phagocytosis prey-binding domain.
Tubby and Tulp1 (show TULP1 Proteins) function as phagocytosis sigmals (eat-me) for retinal pigment epithelium cells and other phagocytes.
TUB could be an important factor in controlling the central regulation of body weight in humans.
TUB is a candidate gene for late-onset obesity in humans
Genetic variation of the TUB gene was associated with both body composition and macronutrient intake, suggesting that TUB might influence eating behavior
Mouse Tubby protein may function as a membrane-bound transcription regulator that translocates to the nucleus in response to phosphoinositide hydrolysis, providing a direct link between G-protein signaling and the regulation of gene expression.
We found that the mutant Tub proteins were mostly localized to puncta found in the perinuclear region and that the C-terminus was important for its solubility. our results suggest that the malfunctions of the Tub mutant are caused by its misfolding and subsequent localization to aggresomes.
These results suggest that tubby is a ligand to facilitate microglial phagocytosis through MerTK (show MERTK Proteins) for the maintenance of CNS homeostasis.
Mtap1a (show MAP1A Proteins), which modifies hearing loss in Tub(tub/tub) mice, also modifies retinal degeneration in Tub and Tulp1 (show TULP1 Proteins) mice; functionally nonredundant members of the TULP family (TUB and TULP1 (show TULP1 Proteins)) share a common functional interaction with MTAP1A (show MAP1A Proteins)
TUB plays a role in insulin (show INS Proteins) signalling and fuel homeostasis in adipocytes.
Data show that agouti-related protein (show AGRP Proteins) mRNA levels are significantly lower in obese tub/tub mice as compared to tub/+ mice.
Tubby secretion is partially dependent on its PI(4,5)P(2)-binding activity with an essential secretory signal in the N-terminus.
This gene encodes a member of the Tubby family of bipartite transcription factors. The encoded protein may play a role in obesity and sensorineural degradation. The crystal structure has been determined for a similar protein in mouse, and it functions as a membrane-bound transcription regulator that translocates to the nucleus in response to phosphoinositide hydrolysis. Two transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified for this gene.
tubby homolog (mouse)
, tubby (mouse homolog)
, tubby homolog
, tubby protein homolog
, tubby homologue
, retinal degeneration 5
, tubby protein