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This study suggests species-specific recognition of Propionibacterium acnes by TLR2 heterodimers.
The NOX4 (show NOX4 ELISA Kits) and TLR2 pathways played important roles in the biological effects mediated by Bletilla striata polysaccharide b.
Studied the association between TLR4 (show TLR4 ELISA Kits) polymorphisms and SLE risk. Found overall, there was no evidence of positive association between SLE risk and D299G and T399I polymorphisms in TLR4 (show TLR4 ELISA Kits).
Activation of TLR2 in acid and bile salts exposed Barrett epithelium cells resulted in an increased number of mitochondria and lysosomes and increased expression of lysosomal enzymes and factors involved in endocytosis.
TLR-2 expression was detected to increase 3.8-fold in Turkish rheumatoid arthritis patients compared to healthy controls.
A significant difference was found between the levels of staining of TLR-2, TLR-4 (show TLR4 ELISA Kits) and hBD-1 (show DEFB1 ELISA Kits) in different lesions from the epidermis, inflammation region, dermis and skin appendages (p < 0.05) in patients with acne vulgaris.
High TLR2 expression is associated with hepatocellular carcinoma.
The combination of low Pellino3 levels together with high and inducible Pellino1 expression may be an important determinant of the degree of inflammation triggered upon Toll-like receptor 2 engagement by Helicobacter pylori and/or its components, contributing to Helicobacter pylori-associated pathogenesis by directing the incoming signal toward an NF-kB-mediated proinflammatory response.
TLR-2, TLR-4 (show TLR4 ELISA Kits), and TLR-9 (show TLR9 ELISA Kits) were expressed in primary tumors, neck metastases as well as in recurrent tumors of OTSCC. Thus, these receptors seem to play a role in both the development and progression of tongue carcinoma. These TLRs may also contribute to the invasive potential of OTSCC.
TLR2 mediates Mycobacterium tuberculosis-induced dendritic cell maturation.TLR2 is essential for efficient immune response against Mycobacteria.
PHLDA1 (show PHLDA1 ELISA Kits) plays a critical role in the development of progressive lung contusion and subsequent inflammation.
postnatal expression of TLR2 and TLR4 (show TLR4 ELISA Kits) in small intestinal epithelial cells
TLR2 deletion induced activation of the renin (show REN ELISA Kits) angiotensin system in ureteral obstructed kidneys. Inhibition of both RAS and TLR2 had an additive ameliorative effect on UUO injury of the kidney.
this study produced a new antibody against the specific extracellular domain of TLR2 which has protective effect on TLR2 agonists-driven inflammatory and allergic response.
results suggest that HMGB1 (show HMGB1 ELISA Kits) mediates cell proliferation through a novel mechanism that involves TLR2, FoxO1 (show FOXO1 ELISA Kits) nuclear importation and PCNA (show PCNA ELISA Kits) overexpression
TLR2 plays an important role in Staphylococcus aureus endophthalmitis.
HMGB1 increases interaction between TLR2 with p85 and in sequence phosphorylates Akt at ser473, thereafter mediates MMC proliferation, which contributed significantly to the pathophysiology of MMCs dysfunction
Results indicated subtle impairments in behaviour and cognitive functions due to double deficiency in Toll (show TLR4 ELISA Kits)-like receptors 2 and Toll (show TLR4 ELISA Kits)-like receptors 4.
Study suggests that maternal TLR-2 activation would induce behavioral impairments only in the female offspring, primarily related to social interaction behavior or cognitive function, without physical changes
data suggest that Tlr2 deficiency may promote the development of cardiac hypertrophy and ventricular remodeling after transverse aortic constriction
Transcription levels of TLR2, TLR4 (show TLR4 ELISA Kits), and CD14 (show CD14 ELISA Kits) in Holstein cows with retained placenta significantly decreased between the first and the seventh day postpartum.
We structurally defined with 5'-RACE experiments three promoters (P1-3) controlling TLR2 expression in udder, liver and other tissues of cows suffering from E. coli mastitis.
TLR2 and TLR4 (show TLR4 ELISA Kits) mediate innate response against Cryptosporidium parvum in bovine intestinal epithelial cells.
positive correlation between lower neutrophil apoptosis and higher expression of TLR2 and TLR4 (show TLR4 ELISA Kits) with the formation of NETs and change in surface architecture.
TLR2, TLR1 (show TLR1 ELISA Kits), and TLR6 (show TLR6 ELISA Kits) haev roles in innate immunity and initiate inflammatory responses to bacterial lipopeptides by epithelial and stromal cells of bovine endometrium
Data suggest that granulosa cells from dominant follicles express functional TLR2 and TLR4 (show TLR4 ELISA Kits); granulosa cells appear to participate in innate immunity by responding to bacterial lipopolysaccharides/lipopeptides via TLR2 and TLR4 (show TLR4 ELISA Kits) signaling pathways.
The expressions of host TLR2 and 4 genes were significantly higher in acidosis-resistant steers compared to those in acidosis-susceptible steers.
Whereas previous results regarding the TLR1 (show TLR1 ELISA Kits) gene were not corroborated, a risk haplotype was detected in TLR2; however, its low frequency indicates that this detected association should be interpreted with caution.
The identification of antibodies specific for bovine and ovine TLR2 will facilitate studies of the role of this important pattern recognition receptors in the initiation of immune responses to important pathogens.
ALOX5AP (show ALOX5AP ELISA Kits), CPNE3 (show CPNE3 ELISA Kits), IL1R2 (show IL1R2 ELISA Kits), IL6 (show IL6 ELISA Kits), TLR2, TLR4 (show TLR4 ELISA Kits), and THY1 (show THY1 ELISA Kits) were upregulated in blood polymorphonuclear cells in negative energy balance versus positive energy balance cows.
Lipopolysaccharide upregulates the expression of rabbit TLR2 and 4 in the uterine body and horn, and the expression of TLR4 (show TLR4 ELISA Kits) in the ovary.
VB-201 may counter inflammation where TLR-2 and/or CD14 (show CD14 ELISA Kits) complicity is essential, and is therefore beneficial for the treatment of atherosclerosis.
Toll-like receptor 2 signaling on intestinal epithelial cells may enhance intestinal barrier function and prevent deoxynivalenol-induced barrier dysfunction of epithelial cells.
These results suggest that porcine circovirus 2 induces IL-8 (show IL8 ELISA Kits) secretion via the TLR2/MyD88 (show MYD88 ELISA Kits)/NF-kappaB (show NFKB1 ELISA Kits) signalling pathway.
At 14 days after autotransplantation of a pig kidney, mRNA expression for TLR2 is increased.
These data demonstrated that TLR2, TLR3 (show TLR3 ELISA Kits) and TLR9 (show TLR9 ELISA Kits) contribute to NF-kappaB (show NFKB1 ELISA Kits) activation in response to porcine epidemic diarrhea virus infection, but not RIG-I (show DDX58 ELISA Kits).
Data suggest TLR2, TLR4 (show TLR4 ELISA Kits), and calcium signaling in enterocytes play principal roles in mucosal immunity against enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli; probiotic Lactobacillus delbrueckii and its extracellular polysaccharides appear to stimulate TLR2/TLR4 (show TLR4 ELISA Kits).
TLR2 is required for the suppression of TLR4 (show TLR4 ELISA Kits) signaling activation.
The role of TLR2, TLR4 (show TLR4 ELISA Kits) and RP105 (show CD180 ELISA Kits)/MD1 (show LY86 ELISA Kits) in the immunoregulatory effect of acidic exopolysaccharides from Lactobacillus plantarum N14 (show CLPTM1 ELISA Kits), is reported.
Single nucleotide polymorphisms in TLR2 is associated with immune response to gram-negative bacterial infections.
The dramatic reduction in p38 MAPK (show MAPK14 ELISA Kits) phosphorylation by TLR-2 stimulation in aortic valve interstitial cells excludes a role for this receptor type in mediating angiotensin II or peroxynitrite effects.
In total, 20, 27, and 26 SNPs were detected in TLR1 (show TLR1 ELISA Kits), TLR2, and TLR6 (show TLR6 ELISA Kits), respectively; in TLR1 (show TLR1 ELISA Kits) and TLR2, the numbers of SNPs detected were significantly lower (P < or = 0.05, P < or = 0.01) in the wild boars than in the domestic pigs.
expression of TLR4 (show TLR4 ELISA Kits) and TLR2 in normal and LPS (show IRF6 ELISA Kits)-treated horses
Over-expression of TLR2 decreases radical damage to host cells through low-level production of NO and MDA and promotes the clearance of invasive bacteria by up-regulating lysozyme (show LYZ ELISA Kits) secretion and filtration of inflammatory cells to the infected site.
TLR2 of M. fuscata has undergone purifying selection while the membrane-proximal part of the extracellular domain of M. mulatta TLR2 exhibits higher rates of non-synonymous substitutions, indicating a trace of Darwinian positive selection
The results indicate that microglia and astrocytes respond to B (show TDO2 ELISA Kits). burgdorferi through TLR1 (show TLR1 ELISA Kits)/2 and TLR5 (show TLR5 ELISA Kits).
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family which plays a fundamental role in pathogen recognition and activation of innate immunity. TLRs are highly conserved from Drosophila to humans and share structural and functional similarities. They recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) that are expressed on infectious agents, and mediate the production of cytokines necessary for the development of effective immunity. The various TLRs exhibit different patterns of expression. This gene is expressed most abundantly in peripheral blood leukocytes, and mediates host response to Gram-positive bacteria and yeast via stimulation of NF-kappaB.
toll/interleukin 1 receptor-like 4
, toll/interleukin-1 receptor-like protein 4
, toll-like receptor 2 variant 1
, toll-like receptor 2 variant 2
, toll-like receptor 2 type-2
, toll-like receptor 2 type2
, Toll-like receptor 2-like protein