Other Names: Retrotransposon-derived protein PEG10, Embryonal carcinoma differentiation-regulated protein, Mammalian retrotransposon-derived protein 2, Myelin expression factor 3-like protein 1, MEF3-like protein 1, Paternally expressed gene 10 protein, Retrotransposon gag domain-containing protein 3, Retrotransposon-derived gag-like polyprotein, Ty3/Gypsy-like protein, PEG10, EDR, KIAA1051, MAR2, MART2, MEF3L1, RGAG3
Description: PEG10: paternally expressed 10. This gene includes two overlapping reading frames of the same transcript encoding distinct isoforms. The shorter isoform has a CCHC-type zinc finger motif containing a sequence characteristic of gag proteins of most retroviruses and some retrotransposons, and it functions in part by interacting with members of the TGF-beta receptor family. The longer isoform has the active-site DSG consensus sequence of the protease domain of pol proteins. The longer isoform is the result of -1 translational frameshifting that is also seen in some retroviruses. Expression of these two isoforms only comes from the paternal allele due to imprinting. Increased gene expression (as observed by an increase in mRNA levels) is associated with hepatocellular carcinomas.