Synonyms: alb,ALBU,Albumin (32 AA),Albumin (AA 34),cell growth inhibiting protein 42,DKFZp779N1935,GIG20,GIG42,growth-inhibiting protein 20,OTTHUMP00000220436,OTTHUMP00000220438,OTTHUMP00000220439,PRO0883,PRO0903,PRO1341,PRO1708,PRO2044,PRO2619,PRO2675,Serum albumin,UNQ696/PRO1341
Background: Albumin is a soluble, monomeric protein which comprises about one-half of the blood serum protein. Albumin functions primarily as a carrier protein for steroids, fatty acids, and thyroid hormones and plays a role in stabilizing extracellular fluid volume. Albumin is a globular unglycosylated serum protein of molecular weight 65,000. Albumin is synthesized in the liver as preproalbumin which has an N-terminal peptide that is removed before the nascent protein is released from the rough endoplasmic reticulum. The product, proalbumin, is in turn cleaved in the Golgi vesicles to produce the secreted albumin.