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this study reports the structures of human Ptch1 alone and in complex with the N-terminal domain of human Sonic hedgehog (show SHH Proteins) (ShhN) at resolutions of 3.9 and 3.6 angstroms, respectively, as determined by cryo-electron microscopy.
PVT1 epigenetically down-regulates PTCH1 expression via competitively binding miR (show MLXIP Proteins)-152, contributing to EMT (show ITK Proteins) process in liver fibrosis
Study identified a novel frameshift mutation in exon 9 of the PTCH1 gene in a nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome case with medulloblastoma and the affected father. This frameshift mutation causes premature stop codon and is responsible for the clinical features.
This is, to our knowledge, the first Gorlin syndrome-causing mutation that has been reported four independent times in distant geographical locations. Therefore, we propose the location of the described mutation as a potential hot spot for mutations in PTCH1.
Patients with missense variants in PTCH1 were diagnosed later and less likely to have developed at least 10 basal cell carcinomas and jaw cysts. Patients with identified PTCH1 variants were more likely to be diagnosed earlier, have developed jaw cysts and have bifid ribs or any skeletal abnormality.
The authors found 15 germline PTCH1 mutations, uniformly distributed across the PTCH1 gene among patients with Basaloid Follicular Hamartoma and Basal Cell Carcinoma. Therefore, Basaloid Follicular Hamartoma and Basal Cell Carcinoma may be the same genetic entity and not two distinctive syndromes.
This study indicates that germline PTCH1 heterozygous mutations play a major role in bone metabolism in patients with NBCCS, in particular in those with PTCH1 protein truncation mutations. SPARC (show SPARC Proteins) may represent an important downstream modulator of PTCH1 mediation of bone metabolism.
Demonstrate altered cytoplasmic expression of Ptc1 and reduced number and length of primary cilia, where Ptc1 is located, in fibroblasts from Niemann-Pick type C patients.
Nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome caused by splicing mutations in the PTCH1 gene.
PTCH1 expression is a promising molecular marker for predicting the imatinib response in chronic myeloid leukemia (show BCL11A Proteins) patients in chronic phase.
The Hedgehog (show SHH Proteins) co-receptors patched1 and patched2 are expressed in regions of the perichondrium that will form bone before the onset of ossification.
The generation and characterization of the ptc1;ptc2 (show PTCH2 Proteins) double mutant assigned novel and unexpected functions to the Hh signaling pathway.
study suggests that modifications affecting the Ptch1 cis (show CISH Proteins)-regulatory landscape have contributed to evolutionary diversification of artiodactyl limbs
It is concluded that during early pseudoglandular stage of lung development Ptch1 patterns Fgf10 (show FGF10 Proteins) and regulates Foxf1 (show FOXF1 Proteins) expression in the lung mesenchyme to direct branch formation and this is essential for proper lobe formation and lung function.
The results of the present study indicate that CHL1 (show CHL1 Proteins) triggers PTCH1-, SMO-, RhoA (show RHOA Proteins)- and ROCK-dependent signal transduction pathways to promote neuronal survival after cessation of the major morphogenetic events during mouse cerebellar development.
A subset of miRNAs expression is altered in GCPs by radiation alone, and the same miRNAs were validated in spontaneous and radiation-induced medulloblastoma (MB) from Ptch1+/- mice, confirming of these miRNAs in the pathogenesis of MB.
during Hedgehog (show SHH Proteins) signaling, ligand binding inhibits Patched by trapping it in an inactive conformation, a mechanism that explains the dramatically reduced activity of oncogenic Patched1 mutants.
The seemingly simple, constitutive Hedgehog (show SHH Proteins) response of patched/Ptch1 is driven by a complex regulatory architecture, with batteries of context-specific enhancers engaged in promoter-specific interactions to tune signaling individually in each tissue, without disturbing patterning elsewhere.
These findings support a model in which Ptch1/2 mediate secretion of a Smo-inhibitory cholesterol precursor.
Ptch1 required for ductal outgrowth and proper hormone receptor (show NR4A1 Proteins) expression in the mammary epithelium.
Thus, our study clearly demonstrated the unique involvement of the two novel PTCH1 splice variants in HH signal transduction.
These data reveal an interaction between the cytoplasmic domains of Ptch1 and that these domains modulate Ptch1 activity but are not essential for regulation of the Hh pathway.
Data indicate that Sonic hedgehog (Shh (show SHH Proteins)) stimulate branching morphogenesis (BrM (show SMARCA2 Proteins)) and induced synthesis of mRNAs for Ptch1 protein, epidermal growth factor (EGF (show EGF Proteins)) and receptors of the ErbB (show EGFR Proteins) receptors ErbB1 (show EGFR Proteins), ErbB2 (show ERBB2 Proteins) and ErbB3 (show ERBB3 Proteins).
This gene encodes a member of the patched gene family. The encoded protein is the receptor for sonic hedgehog, a secreted molecule implicated in the formation of embryonic structures and in tumorigenesis, as well as the desert hedgehog and indian hedgehog proteins. This gene functions as a tumor suppressor. Mutations of this gene have been associated with basal cell nevus syndrome, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, trichoepitheliomas, transitional cell carcinomas of the bladder, as well as holoprosencephaly. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. Additional splice variants have been described, but their full length sequences and biological validity cannot be determined currently.
PTCH protein +12b
, PTCH protein +4'
, PTCH protein -10
, PTCH protein -3,4,5
, protein patched homolog 1
, patched 2
, patched homolog 2
, patched homolog 1
, patched 1
, protein patched homolog 1-like
, Patched 1
, Ptch1 protein +12b
, mesenchymal dysplasia
, patched protein
, patched-like protein
, LOW QUALITY PROTEIN: protein patched homolog 1