Protein Function: Potent mitogen for mature parenchymal hepatocyte cells, seems to be a hepatotrophic factor, and acts as a growth factor for a broad spectrum of tissues and cell types. Activating ligand for the receptor tyrosine kinase MET by binding to it and promoting its dimerization. .
Background: Hepatocyte growth factor(HGF) is the most potent mitogen for mature parenchymal hepatocytes in primary culture, and seems to be a hepatotrophic factor that acts as a trigger for liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy and liver injury. HGF has a relative molecular mass(Mr) of 82,000 and is a heterodimer composed of a large alpha-subunit of Mr 69,000 and a small beta-subunit of Mr 34,000. The protein consists of 728 amino acid residues, including a possible signal peptide at the N-terminus. HGF may serve as a paracrine mediator to control placental development and growth. This growth factor may play an important role as a paracrine mediator of the proliferation of melanocytes and endothelial cells, as well as cells of epithelial origin. The gene encoding the human HGF is assigned to human chromosome 7.
Synonyms: Hepatocyte growth factor,Hepatopoietin-A,Scatter factor,SF,Hepatocyte growth factor alpha chain,Hepatocyte growth factor beta chain,Hgf,
Full Gene Name: Hepatocyte growth factor