cAMP Direct Immunoassay Kit (Colorimetric)

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Antigen
  • CRAMP
  • CAP-18
  • CAP18
  • FALL-39
  • FALL39
  • LL37
  • CAP11
  • Cnlp
  • Cramp
  • MCLP
  • CATHL7
  • cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide
  • Camp
  • CAMP
Minimum Detection Limit
0.02-2 μM
Application
Detection (D), Immunoassay (IA)
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Purpose cAMP Assay Kit provides a direct competitive immunoassay for sensitive and quantitative determination of cAMP level in biological samples. The kit utilizes recombinant Protein G coated 96-well plate to efficiently anchor cAMP polyclonal antibody on to the plate. cAMP-HRP conjugate directly competes with cAMP from sample binding to the cAMP antibody on the plate. After incubation and washing, the amount of cAMP-HRP bound to the plate can easily be determined by reading HRP activity at OD450 nm. The intensity of OD450 nm is inversely proportional to the concentration of cAMP in samples. In addition, the kit provides a new acetylation procedure to improve detection sensitivity significantly. The kit can detect ~0.1-10 pmol/5 μL (or ~ 0.02-2 μM) cAMP samples.
Sample Type Cell Lysate, Plasma, Serum, Tissue Samples
Detection Method Colorimetric
Specificity CAMP Assay Kit provides a direct competitive immunoassay for sensitive and quantitative determination of cAMP level in biological samples. The kit utilizes recombinant Protein G coated 96-well plate to efficiently anchor cAMP polyclonal antibody onto the plate. cAMP-HRP conjugate directly competes with cAMP from sample binding to the cAMP antibody on the plate. After incubation and washing, the amount of cAMP-HRP bound to the plate can easily be determined by reading HRP activity at OD 450 nm. The intensity of OD 450 nm is inversely proportional to the cAMP concentration in samples. The kit provides a new acetylation procedure to improve detection sensitivity significantly. The kit can detect approx. 0.1-10 pmol/5 µL (or approx. 0.02-2 µM) cAMP samples.
Characteristics cAMP Direct Immunoassay Kit: Direct Competitive Immunoassay for Sensitive and Quantitative Determination of cAMP level in Biological Samples.
Components 10X cAMP Assay Buffer
Standard cAMP (10 nmol)
Neutralizing Buffer
Acetylating Reagent A
Acetylating Reagent B
Rabbit Anti-cAMP pAb
HRP Developer
Protein G Coated Plate
Target Name (Antigen)
Alternative Name cAMP (cAMP ELISA Kit Abstract)
Target Type Chemical
Background Adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic AMP, cAMP) is an important ""second messenger"" involved in many physiological processes.
Application Notes The kit can detect ~0.1-10 pmol/5 μL (or ~ 0.02-2 μM) cAMP samples.
Comment

Further details regarding sample type: Cell and tissue lysates, culture media, urine, plasma and serum, as well as many other biological fluids

Protocol 1. Dilute the 10X cAMP Assay Buffer to 1X Assay Buffer with MilliQ water. Store at 4 °C. Reconstitute the Standard cAMP (pellet may not be visible) in 1 mL of 0.1M HCl (not provided), vortex for 10 seconds to generate 10 pM/µL cAMP standard stock solution. Dilute the rabbit anti-cAMP pAb and cAMP-HRP each with 1.1 mL of the 1X Assay Buffer as stock solutions, keep frozen. Unused Protein G coated strips can be kept at -20 °C with descants, stable for up to 1 month after opening. The kit should be stored at -20 °C. After opening and reconstitution, components can be stored as instructed in the kit contents above, stable for 1 to 2 months. B. General Consideration: Esterases may degrade cAMP. Therefore, prepare samples in 0.1N HCl to inactivate esterase, and store at -80 °C. Dilute your samples to approx. 0.1- 10pM/5 µL cAMP range. Urine and tissue culture supernatant can be diluted in 10 % 1M HCl and assayed directly. Plasma, serum, whole blood, and tissue homogenates often contain phosphodiesterases and large amount of immunoglobulins (Igs) which may interfere with the assay. However, diluting these samples with 0.1M HCl can generally inactivate phosphodiesterases and lower the concentration of Igs, making the samples suitable for the assay. Both phospho-diesterases and Igs can also be removed by 5 % TCA precipitation or 10 kD molecular weight cut off micro centrifuge filters. To determine whether interference is presence in your sample, you may make two different dilutions. If the two different dilutions of sample show good correlation in the final calculated cAMP concentrations, purification is not required. If you do not see good correlation of the different dilutions, purification by TCA precipitation or 10 Kd molecular weight cut off microcentrifuge filters to remove any enzymes from samples. Organic solvents in samples may interfere with the assay, which may need to be removed prior to the assay. C. Sample Preparation: Urine, Plasma and Culture Medium Samples: Urine and plasma may be tested directly with 1:20 to 1:100 dilutions in 0.1M HCl. Culture medium can also be tested with 1:10 to 1:200 dilutions in 0.1M HCl. (Note: RPMI medium may contain >350 fM/µL cAMP). Cell Samples: Aspirate medium. Add 1 mL of 0.1M HCl for every 35 cm 2 of surface area. Incubate at room temperature for 20 minutes. Scrape cells off the surface with a cell scraper. Dissociate sample by pipetting up and down until suspension is homogeneous. Transfer to a centrifuge tube and centrifuge at top speed for 10 min. The supernatant can be assayed directly. Protein concentration >1 mg/mL is recommended for reproducible results. Tissue Samples: Cyclic nucleotides may be metabolized quickly in tissue, so it is important to rapidly freeze tissues after collection (e.g., using liquid nitrogen). Weigh the frozen tissue and add 5-10 volume of 0.1M HCl. Homogenize the sample on ice using a Polytron-type homogenizer. Spin at top speed for 5 min and collect the supernatant. The supernatant may be assayed directly. D. cAMP Assay: The procedure described here includes an acetylation step which makes the cAMP assay much more sensitive and avoid the interferences of many components in samples. However, for routine assay of the well known samples, non-acetylation procedure may also be used, just skip the acetylation steps (Step 7 and 8). Prepare cAMP Standard Curve and Samples:
1. Dilute 200 µL of the 10 pM/µL standard cAMP stock with 800 µL of 0.1M HCl to generate 2 pM/µL cAMP working solution. The diluted cAMP should be fresh, and used within 1 hour.
2. Label 8 microcentrifuge tubes, 200, 100, 50, 25, 12.5, 6.25, 3.12, 0 pmol.
3. Add 200 µL of the 2 pM/µL cAMP standard into the tube labeled 200 pM tube (amount enough for 20 assays). Add100 µL 0.1M HCl into the rest of tubes.
4. Transfer 100 µL of the 2 pM/µL standard cAMP from the tube labeled 200 pM tube to the labeled 100 pM tube, mix, then transfer 100 µL into the labeled 50 pM tube. Continue the serial dilution by transfer 100 µL to 25, 12.5, 6.25, 3.1 pM tubes. The diluted cAMP should be used within 1 hour.
5. Add 100 µL test samples to new labeled tubes. We suggest performing different dilutions for each sample with 0.1M HCl to ensure the sample readings are within standard curve.
6. Add 50 µL of Neutralizing Buffer to each tube (all standards cAMP and testing samples).
7. Prepare Acetylating Reagent Mix: Mix 1 volume of Acetylating Reagent A (Violet cap) with two volumes of Acetylating Reagent B (Amber cap) in a microtube. Prepare enough for the experiment (need 5 µL each sample and standard tubes). Use within 1 hour.
8. Add 5 µL of the Acetylating Reagent Mix directly into each test solution (all standards and samples), IMMEDIATELY vortex 2-3 seconds following each addition without delay, one tube at a time, and incubate at room temperature for 10 min to acetylate cAMP.
9. Add 845 µL 1X Assay Buffer into each tube to dilute the acetylation reagents, mix well. The acetylated standard and samples are ready for quantification.(If cAMP in your samples are very low, the acetylation reagents can be dried after step 8, without dilution step 9 to minimize the volume increase).Then reconstituted in a 50 -100 µL volume of Assay Buffer. The Kit rev. 09/09 Note: RPMI medium may contain >350 fM/µL cAMP). Cell Samples: Aspirate medium. Add 1 mL of 0.1M HCl for every 35 cm 2 of surface area. Incubate at room temperature for 20 minutes. Scrape cells off the surface with a cell scraper. Dissociate sample by pipetting up and down until suspension is homogeneous. Transfer to a centrifuge tube and centrifuge at top speed for 10 min. The supernatant can be assayed directly. Protein concentration >1 mg/mL is recommended for reproducible results. Tissue Samples: Cyclic nucleotides may be metabolized quickly in tissue, so it is important to rapidly freeze tissues after collection (e.g., using liquid nitrogen). Weigh the frozen tissue and add 5-10 volume of 0.1M HCl. Homogenize the sample on ice using a Polytron-type homogenizer. Spin at top speed for 5 min and collect the supernatant. The supernatant may be assayed directly. D. cAMP Assay: The procedure described here includes an acetylation step which makes the cAMP assay much more sensitive and avoid the interferences of many components in samples. However, for routine assay of the well known samples, non-acetylation procedure may also be used, just skip the acetylation steps (Step 7 and 8). Prepare cAMP Standard Curve and Samples: 1. Dilute 200 µL of the 10 pM/µL standard cAMP stock with 800 µL of 0.1M HCl to generate 2 pM/µL cAMP working solution. The diluted cAMP should be fresh, and used within 1 hour. 2. Label 8 microcentrifuge tubes, 200, 100, 50, 25, 12.5, 6.25, 3.12, 0 pmol. 3. Add 200 µL of the 2 pM/µL cAMP standard into the tube labeled 200 pM tube (amount enough for 20 assays). Add100 µL 0.1M HCl into the rest of tubes.
4. Transfer 100 µL of the 2 pM/µL standard cAMP from the tube labeled 200 pM tube to the labeled 100 pM tube, mix, then transfer 100 µL into the labeled 50 pM tube. Continue the serial dilution by transfer 100 µL to 25, 12.5, 6.25, 3.1 pM tubes. The diluted cAMP should be used within 1 hour.
5. Add 100 µL test samples to new labeled tubes. We suggest performing different dilutions for each sample with 0.1M HCl to ensure the sample readings are within standard curve.
6. Add 50 µL of Neutralizing Buffer to each tube (all standards cAMP and testing samples).
7. Prepare Acetylating Reagent Mix: Mix 1 volume of Acetylating Reagent A (Violet cap) with two volumes of Acetylating Reagent B (Amber cap) in a microtube. Prepare enough for the experiment (need 5 µL each sample and standard tubes). Use within 1 hour.
8. Add 5 µL of the Acetylating Reagent Mix directly into each test solution (all standards and samples), IMMEDIATELY vortex 2-3 seconds following each addition without delay, one tube at a time, and incubate at room temperature for 10 min to acetylate cAMP.
9. Add 845 µL 1X Assay Buffer into each tube to dilute the acetylation reagents, mix well. The acetylated standard and samples are ready for quantification.(If cAMP in your samples are very low, the acetylation reagents can be dried after step 8, without dilution step 9 to minimize the volume increase).Then reconstituted in a 50 -100 µL volume of Assay Buffer. Quantification cAMP: 1. Add 50 µL of the acetylated Standard cAMP and test samples from Step 9 to the Protein G coated 96-well plate. 2. Add 10 µL of the reconstituted cAMP antibody to the test sample and standard, except the 0 pM cAMP well as reagent background. Incubate for 1 hour at room temperature with agitation. It is recommended to use repeating pipette to minimize pipette errors. 3. Add 10 µL of cAMP-HRP to each well, incubate for 1 hr at room temperature with agitation.
4. Wash 5 times with 200 µL 1X Assay Buffer each wash.
5. Add 100 µL of HRP developer and develop for 1 hour at room temperature with agitation.
6. Stop the reaction by adding 100 µL of 1M HCl (not provided) to each well (sample color should change from blue to yellow).
7. Read the plate at OD 450 nm. The OD450 nm reading varies significantly among experiments depend on lot numbers, kit storage and experiment conditions. Therefore, samples and standard curve must be performed at the same time and using the same kit reagents.
Calculation of Results

Calculations: Subtract OD 450nm background reading (0 pM cAMP) from all samples and standards reading. Plot standard curve OD450 nm vs cAMP amount. Apply OD readings from samples to the standard curve. Calculate amount of cAMP in samples: cAMP Concentration = Sa/Sv (pM/mL, or nM) Where Sa is cAMP amount (pmol) from standard curve. Sv is sample volume (ml) added into the assay wells (50 µL acetylated sample contains 5 µL (0.005 ml) original sample before acetylation step). cAMP Standard Curve: The assay was performed following the kit protocol.

Restrictions For Research Use only
Storage -20 °C
Expiry Date 12 months
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