Pyruvate Colorimetric/Fluorometric Assay Kit Kit
- Detection Method
- Fluorometric, Colorimetric
- Detection Range
- 0.001-10 mM
- Minimum Detection Limit
- 0.001 mM
- Biochemical Assay (BCA)
- Sample Type
- Adherent Cell Culture, Cell Culture Cells, Cell Samples, Saliva, Tissue Samples
- The Kit provides a simple, direct and automation-ready procedure for measuring pyruvate concentration in various biological samples such as blood, cells, culture and fermentation media, etc. In the assay, pyruvate is oxidized by pyruvate oxidase via enzyme reactions to generate color (at lambda = 570 nm) and fluorescence (at Ex/Em = 535/587 nm). Since the color or fluorescence intensity is proportional to pyruvate content, the pyruvate concentration can be accurately measured. The kit detects 1-10000 ?M pyruvate.
- Pyruvate Assay Kit: Colorimetric & Fluorometric Assay for measuring pyruvate concentration in various biological samples such as serum, saliva, tissues & adherent or suspension cells within 40 min. Convenient, Simple & Sensitive.
Pyruvate Assay Buffer
Pyruvate Probe (in DMSO)
Pyruvate Enzyme Mix
Pyruvate Standard (100 nmol/μl)
- Application Notes
- The kit detects 1 μM to 10 mM pyruvate.
Further details regarding sample type:
- Animal tissues
- Cell culture: adherent or suspension cells
- Serum, saliva
- Assay Time
- < 1 h
1. Standard Curve Preparations:
Colorimetric assay: Dilute the Pyruvate Standard to 1 nM/µL by adding 10 µL of the Standard to 990 µL of Pyruvate Assay Buffer, mix well.
Fluorometric assay: Dilute the Pyruvate Standard to 1 nM/µL as for the colorimetric assay. Then dilute the standard another 10-fold to 0.1 nM/µL by taking 10 µL into 90 µL of Pyruvate Assay Buffer.
Mix well. Add 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 µL into a series of standards wells. Adjust volume to 50 µL/well with Pyruvate Assay Buffer to generate 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 nM/well of the Pyruvate Standard for the colorimetric assay (0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0 nM/well for the fluorometric assay).
2. Sample Preparations: Prepare test samples in 50 µL/well with Pyruvate Assay Buffer in a 96- well plate. Serum can be directly added into sample wells, and adjust volume to 50 µL/well with Pyruvate Assay Buffer (serum contains approx. 50-100 pM/µL pyruvate). Tissues or cells can be extracted with 4 volume of the Pyruvate Assay Buffer, centrifuge to get clear pyruvate extract. We suggest using several doses of your sample to ensure the readings are within the standard curve range. Due to the presence of LDH in serum, care must be taken during sample processing to prevent the conversion of pyruvate to lactate. Samples can be deproteinized by 10 kDa cutoff spin filter to remove proteins.
3. Reaction Mix Preparation: Mix enough reagents for the number of assays performed. For each well, prepare a total 50 µL Reaction Mix containing the following components. Mix well before use: 46 µL Pyruvate Assay Buffer 2 µL Pyruvate Probe 2 µL Enzyme Mix
4. Add 50 µL of the Reaction Mix to each well containing the Pyruvate Standard or test samples, mix well.
5. Incubate the reaction for 30 minutes at room temperature, protect from light.
6. Measure O.D. 570 nm for colorimetric assay or fluorescence at Ex/Em = 535/590 nm in a microplate reader.
- Calculation of Results
Correct background by subtracting the value derived from the 0 pyruvate control from all sample readings (Note: The background reading can be significant and must be subtracted from sample readings).
Plot standard curve nM/well vs. O.D. 570 nm readings. Then apply the sample readings to the standard curve to get pyruvate amount in the sample wells (Py).
The pyruvate concentrations in the test samples:
C = Py/Sv (nM/µL or mM)
Where: Py is the amount of pyruvate (nmol) of your sample from standard curve. Sv is the sample volume (in µL) added into the sample well. Pyruvate molecular weight: 88.08. Pyruvate concentration in your sample can be expressed as nM/mL, or mg/mL, or mg/dL or mM (mM/liter). 1 mM = 8.81 mg/dL.
- For Research Use only
- -20 °C
- Expiry Date
- 12 months
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- Target Type
- Pyruvate is a central molecule in metabolism through which sugars enter the citric acid cycle. Pyruvate can be converted to carbohydrates during gluconeogenesis or to fatty acids via acetyl CoA. High levels of pyruvate are associated with liver disease and genetic disorders. Pyruvate has also been used to stimulate metabolism leading to loss of body weight. BioVision provides a simple, direct and automation-ready procedure for measuring pyruvate concentration in various biological samples such as blood, cells, culture and fermentation media, etc. In the assay, pyruvate is oxidized by pyruvate oxidase via enzyme reactions to generate color (λ= 570 nm) and fluorescence (at Ex/Em = 535/587 nm). Since the color or fluorescence intensity is proportional to pyruvate content, the pyruvate concentration can be accurately measured. The kit detects 1 μM to 10 mM pyruvate.