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In conclusion, elevated serum IL-34 levels were demonstrated to be independently associated with renal insufficiency and coronary artery disease in patients with chronic heart failure, regardless of the systolic function.
Data indicate that the interleukin 34 (IL-34) is a feasible diagnostic marker of liver fibrosis in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients.
Findings uncover a novel function for IKKbeta (show IKBKB Proteins)/mHTTx1 interactions in regulating IL-34 production, and implicate a role for IL-34 in non-cell-autonomous, microglial-dependent neurodegeneration in HD.
The IL-34/STAT3 (show STAT3 Proteins)/miR (show MLXIP Proteins)-21 pathway is crucial for the survival of synovial fibroblasts in rheumatoid arthritis
Data show that both serum interleukin-34 (IL-34) and IL-34 mRNA in mononuclear leukocytes (PBMCs) in chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) patients was significantly decreased compared to the healthy controls.
pathogenic role for IL34 in mediating immunosuppression and chemoresistance and identify it as a tractable target for anticancer therapy.
The current study aimed to assess the IL-34 expression in response to two members of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta family, TGF-beta1 and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2, in synovial fibroblasts from rheumatoid arthritis patients.
The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis has shown that IL-34 has more discriminatory power than C-reactive protein (CRP (show CRP Proteins)) for the risk of diabetic complications. The cut-off value for IL-34 was established as 91.2 pg/mL. The gist of our research was identification of IL-34 as an additional potential inflammatory biomarker for the prediction of the risk of vascular diabetic complications.
miR (show MLXIP Proteins)-28-5p-IL-34-macrophage feedback loop modulates hepatocellular carcinoma metastasis
findings demonstrated that M-CSF (show CSF1 Proteins) binds to IL-34; molecular docking studies predicted the formation of a heteromeric M-CSF (show CSF1 Proteins)/IL-34 cytokine
study concludes that Langerhans cells require IL-34 when residing in fully differentiated and anatomically intact skin epidermis, but rely on neutrophil-derived CSF1 (show CSF1 Proteins) during inflammation
constitutive IL-34 expressed by skin keratinocytes might suppress resident macrophage responses to C. albicans colonisation by maintaining low levels TLR2 and Dectin-1 (show CLEC7A Proteins) expression by macrophages.
IL-34 protected blood-brain barrier integrity by restored expression levels of tight junction proteins, which were downregulated by pro-inflammatory cytokines.
IL-34-dependent, Mo-mediated, CSF-1 (show CSF1 Proteins) nonredundant mechanisms promote persistent ischemia-incited AKI that worsens subsequent CKD.
In vitro and in vivo experiments indicate that IL-34 expression is regulated by TNF-a (show TNF Proteins) and IL-1b (show IL1B Proteins) and that its overexpression is associated with an increase in osteosarcoma growth and metastasis.
the expression pattern of IL-34 in ileum and colon and suggest IL-34 as a new modulator of inflammation in inflammatory bowel disease
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (show TNF Proteins) induces IL-34 expression via NF-kappaB (show NFKB1 Proteins) in MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells.
These findings suggest that TGF-beta (show TGFB1 Proteins) produced by IL-34-treated microglia is a negative regulator of microglial proliferation and enhances the neuroprotective property of microglia.
Differentiated signaling between IL-34 and CSF-1 (show CSF1 Proteins) is likely achieved by the relative thermodynamic independence of IL-34 versus negative cooperativity of CSF-1 (show CSF1 Proteins) at the CSF-1 receptor (show CSF1R Proteins) recognition sites.
Interleukin-34 is a cytokine that promotes the differentiation and viability of monocytes and macrophages through the colony-stimulating factor-1 receptor (CSF1R\; MIM 164770) (Lin et al., 2008