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Timelapse analysis of individual cardiomyocyte trajectories reveals misdirected cells in zebrafish pdgfra (show PDGFRA Proteins) mutants, suggesting that PDGF (show PDGFA Proteins) signaling steers cardiomyocytes toward the midline during cardiac fusion. Intriguingly, the ligand pdgfaa is expressed in the endoderm medial to the pdgfra (show PDGFRA Proteins)-expressing myocardial precursors.
This study demonstrates the involvement of VEGF signaling in regulating sustained liver injuries after acute alcohol exposure.
we determined that radial glia control this process via the Vegf decoy receptor sFlt1 (show FLT1 Proteins): sflt1 (show FLT1 Proteins) mutants exhibit the venous over-sprouting observed in radial glia-ablated larvae, and sFlt1 (show FLT1 Proteins) overexpression rescues it. Genetic mosaic analyses show that sFlt1 (show FLT1 Proteins) function in trunk endothelial cells can limit their over-sprouting.
High VEGFA expression is associated with Ectopic Proliferation and Retinal Dysplasia in Zebrafish Optic Pathway Tumors.
Rspo1 (show RSPO1 Proteins) is required for hematopoietic stem cell specification through control of parallel signaling pathways controlling HSC (show FUT1 Proteins) specification: Wnt16 (show WNT16 Proteins)/DeltaC/DeltaD and Vegfa/Tgfbeta1 (show TGFB1 Proteins)
Tmem2 regulates hyaluronic acid turnover to promote normal Vegf signaling during developmental angiogenesis.
low levels of Vegf signaling promote overall vascular endothelial differentiation and cell survival by upregulating etv2 (show ETV2 Proteins) expression, while high levels of Vegf signaling promote arterial and inhibit venous specification.
altering the amount of VEGF signaling in endothelial cells by stimulating them with different VEGF concentrations triggered distinct and mutually exclusive dynamic Ca(2 (show CA2 Proteins)+) signaling responses that correlated with different cellular behaviors.
Bis (show BAG3 Proteins)(2,3-dibromo-4,5-dihydroxybenzyl) ether downregulate the expression of VEGF and VEGFR (show KDR Proteins), and simultaneously regulates VEGF signaling pathway to prevent angiogenesis.
noncanonical function of tars (show TARS Proteins) regulates vascular development presumably by modulating the expression of vegfa
VEGFA produced in the somites is required to initiate adult haemangioblast programming in the adjacent dorsal lateral plate mesoderm.
sequential, isoform-specific VEGFA signaling successively induces the endothelial, arterial, and hematopoietic stem cell programs in the dorsal aorta.
VEGF induces stromal cell migration or recruitment that are required for blood vessel formation.
increased VEGF(170) levels disturb Hand-1 (show HAND1 Proteins) expression in the region required for normal heart morphogenesis
data for the first time demonstrate a calpain/PTP1B/VEGFR2 negative feedback loop in the regulation of VEGF-induced angiogenesis. Modulation of local PTP1B and/or calpain activities may prove beneficial in the treatment of impaired wound healing in diabetes.
Studied the effect of cyclic uniaxial stretch (20%, 1 Hz), with and without the stimulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF (show VEGF Proteins)), on sprouting angiogenesis by employing a stretchable three-dimensional cell culture model.
Study shows that VEGFA mRNA in mammalian endothelial cells undergoes programmed translational readthrough (PTR) generating VEGF-Ax, an isoform containing a unique 22-amino-acid C terminus extension.
Data indicate that superoxide dismutase (SOD) inhibited high glucose (HG)-induced expression of uPAR and VEGF in bovine retinal microvascular endothelial cell (REC).
Exposure of endothelial cells to VEGF, high glucose, or hydrogen peroxide up-regulated the XBP1 (show XBP1 Proteins)/IRE1 alpha (show ERN1 Proteins) and ATF6 (show ATF6 Proteins) arms of the unfolded protein response compared with untreated cells.
Microvascular endothelial cells are more susceptible than aortic cells to advanced glycation end products-enhanced permeability and that AGE-enhanced permeability is dependent on VEGF expression induced by reactive oxygen species.
VEGF supports germ cell survival and sperm production in bulls.
analysis of polymorphisms of bovine VEGF gene and their associations with growth traits in Chinese cattle
VEGF mRNA expression at estrus was higher than at the early I, early II and late luteal stages (P<0.05), whereas VEGF protein content was greatest at the early I luteal stage and decreased thereafter
Alterations in the expression of VEGF-A and bFGF (show FGF2 Proteins) systems suggest that angiogenic factors are involved in abnormal placental development in cloned gestations, contributing to impaired fetal development and poor survival rates.
the difference between the pro- (VEGF165a) and antiangiogenic (VEGF165b) VEGF isoforms and its soluble receptors for severity of diabetic retinopathy, is reported.
no difference in the levels of VEGF-A, VEGF-C (show VEGFC Proteins), and VEGF-D (show Figf Proteins) in pre-eclampsia compared to normotensive pregnant women stratified by HIV status
VEGF expression increases after physical disruption of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE (show RPE Proteins)) cell-cell connections. This increase in VEGF expression correlates with the loss of intercellular junctions and the localization of ZO-1 (show TJP1 Proteins) in the cytoplasm of RPE (show RPE Proteins) cells.
Findings suggest that lysosome-associated transmembrane protein 4B (LAPTM4B), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF (show VEGF Proteins)), and nuclear survivin (show BIRC5 Proteins) expression are significantly correlated in breast cancer, which may be predictive of prognosis as well as effective therapeutic targets for anticancer therapies.
There was a significant correlation between the level of VEGF and ICAM1 (show ICAM1 Proteins) and histologic type of tumors in invasive through in situ tumors
IL-6 (show IL6 Proteins), TNF-alpha (show TNF Proteins) and VEGF levels in 60 serums, were determined from 30 preoperatively taken from patients with colorectal cancer and 30 from a healthy control group.
The present study has identified VEGF genetic pathway association with the risk of oral ulceration in Systemic lupus erythematosus
by inhibiting the phosphorylation of VEGFR2 (show KDR Proteins), the P18 (show CDKN2C Proteins) peptide ( functional fragment of pigment epithelial-derived factor (PEDF (show SERPINF1 Proteins))modulates signalling transduction between VEGF/VEGFR2 (show KDR Proteins) and suppresses activation of the PI3K (show PIK3CA Proteins)/Akt (show AKT1 Proteins) cascades, leading to an increase in mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis and anti-angiogenic activity.
VEGFA and Snail-1 (show SNAI1 Proteins) induction by meningitic Escherichia coli mediates disruption of the blood-brain barrier
TGF-beta1 (show TGFB1 Proteins)/TbetaRII/Smad3 (show SMAD3 Proteins) signaling pathway increased VEGF expression in in oral squamous cell carcinoma tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). TAMs can promote the tumor angiogenesis by secreting VEGF.
VEGF causes extensive neural stem cell (NSC) remodelling manifested in transition of the enigmatic NSC terminal arbor onto long cytoplasmic processes engaging with and spreading over even remote blood vessels, a configuration reminiscent of early postnatal "juvenile" NSCs.
effect of dox on VEGF-A levels might at least partly explain its previously reported beneficial effects on myocardial and brain ischemia. Also, this effect on VEGF-A should be taken into account in all studies using dox-regulated vectors
Genetic depletion experiments revealed that VEGFR2 (show KDR Proteins), but not VEGFR3 (show FLT4 Proteins), is indispensable for maintenance of thyroid vascular integrity. Notably, blockade of VEGF-A or VEGFR2 (show KDR Proteins) not only abrogated vascular remodeling but also inhibited follicular hypertrophy, which led to the reduction of thyroid weights during goitrogenesis.
Findings suggest that VEGF gene expression can be suppressed by TNFSF15 (show TNFSF15 Proteins)-stimulated activation of the JNK (show MAPK8 Proteins)-GATA3 (show GATA3 Proteins) signaling pathway which gives rise to up-regulation of miR (show MLXIP Proteins)-29b.
The low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) Tinzaparin inhibited Von Willebrand factor (VWF (show VWF Proteins)) fiber formation and vessel occlusion in tumor vessels by blocking thrombin (show F2 Proteins)-induced endothelial cells (ECs) activation and vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A)-mediated VWF (show VWF Proteins) release.
These data suggest that VEGF expressed by skeletal myofibers may directly or indirectly regulate both hippocampal blood flow and neurogenesis.
Results show that apoE4-driven brain pathology and cognitive impairments in young apoE4 TR mice are associated with down regulation of the VEGF system and can be reversed by upregulation of the expression of VEGF in the hippocampus. These animal model findings suggest that the VEGF system is a promising target for the treatment of apoE4 carriers in Alzheimers disease.
It was shown that peritoneal macrophages are the main suppliers of VEGF at tumor angiogenesis, as evidenced by the data obtained on model system of endothelial cells synchronized in G0/G1 phase.
these results uncover a novel role for VEGF in controlling proper allocation of Isl1 (show ISL1 Proteins)(+) cardiac progenitors to their respective descending lineages
It was concluded that VEGF and factor VIII are important growth factors associated with fetal development in pigs and are identified in all uterine segments.
results are consistent with a participation of (VEFG) in the regulation of the dynamics of oviductal fluid secretion and the oviduct contractibility
Here we demonstrate that VEGF-165 mediates MSC (show MSC Proteins) differentiation into ECs via VEGFR-2 (show KDR Proteins)-dependent induction of Sox18 (show SOX18 Proteins), which ultimately coordinates the transcriptional upregulation of specific markers of the EC phenotype.
VEGF was significantly downregulated 7 days after cryotherapy of the sclera and stayed at that level until day 14. It returned to baseline by day 21.
VEGF production, blood vessel network and follicle remodeling are impaired by the antiprogesterone RU486.
findings suggest that the augmented neovascular response seen with VEGF administration was through the VEGF-induced upregulation of Notch (show NOTCH1 Proteins) signaling.
interleukin-1beta-induced vascular endothelial growth factor (show VEGF Proteins) in airway smooth muscle cells
Upregulation of VEGF during hypoxia in chondrocyte is mediated partially through HIF-1alpha (show HIF1A Proteins).
data shows that members of the VEGF-VEGFR (show KDR Proteins) system are temporally and spatially well localized for playing key roles during umbilical cord formation and its intensive growth observed after day 75 of pregnancy
cardiac-specific and hypoxia-induced coexpression of VEGF and Ang1 (show ANGPT1 Proteins) improves the perfusion and function of porcine MI heart through the induction of angiogenesis and cardiomyocyte proliferation
Peripheral Blood-Derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Promote Angiogenesis via Paracrine Stimulation of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (show VEGF Proteins) Secretion
TNF (show TNF Proteins) may up-regulate VEGF and stimulate angiogenesis in the mare (show C16orf35 Proteins) early corpus luteum.
After acoustic trauma, vascular endothelial growth factor (show VEGF Proteins) was up-regulated both in the cochlea and vestibule. Expression in both structures suggests a reparative role with potentially therapeutic implications.
Studied the role of T help 17 cells (Th17) and STAT3 (show STAT3 Proteins)-VEGF pathway in pathogenesis of psoriasis.
ghrelin (show GHRL Proteins) can inhibit intraplaque angiogenesis and promote plaque stability by down-regulating VEGF and VEGFR2 (show KDR Proteins) expression, inhibiting the plaque content of macrophages, and reducing MCP-1 (show CCL2 Proteins) expression at an advanced stage of atherosclerosis in rabbits
VEGF mRNA abundance was present at low levels at 16 h post-ovulation and remained low at 72 h, but the level increased at 144 h in uterus.
correlation was observed between CT perfusion parameters (BF, BV, PS, and MAV (show KLHL2 Proteins)) and expression of VEGF and MVD (show MVD Proteins) in tumor tissue
Physiologic ischemic training stimulates VEGF-mediated mobilization of endothelial progenitor cells as well as angiogenesis.
Suggest supplemental oxygen inhibits HIF-1alpha (show HIF1A Proteins)/VEGF signaling to reduce smooth muscle proliferation in rabbit arteriovenous fistula model.
Therefore, it was reasonable to speculate that the increased expression of VEGF and MMP-9 (show MMP9 Proteins) in residual hepatic tumor cells and tumor angiogenesis post-embolization would be responsible for the increased metastatic potentiality and invasiveness.
VEGF expression peaked at 8 weeks after meniscus transplantation
Studied the biocompatibility and neovascularization of the PLGA nanospheres wrapped with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF (show VEGF Proteins)).
VEGF induces TGF-beta1 (show TGFB1 Proteins) expression and myofibroblast transformation after glaucoma surgery.
The results of this study are promising concerning the role of VEGF as a diagnostic marker in moderate osteoarthritis
Data suggest that microRNA-126 plays role in diabetic retinopathy; here, choroid-retinal endothelial cells exposed to high glucose exhibit down-regulation of microRNA-126 and up-regulation of VEGFA and PIK3R2; overexpression of microRNA-126 down-regulates expression of VEGFA and PIK3R2. (VEGFA = vascular endothelial growth factor A; PIK3R2 = class Ia phosphoinositol-3 kinase regulatory subunit 2 (show CCT2 Proteins))
VEGF plays an important role in choroid-retinal endothelial cell proliferation and tube formation.
These findings suggest that FBLN5 (show FBLN5 Proteins) may interfere with choroidal neovascularization by downregulating VEGF, CXCR4 (show CXCR4 Proteins), and TGFB1 (show TGFB1 Proteins) expression and inhibiting choroidl endothelial cell proliferation.
Apelin (show APLN Proteins) may play a role in the development of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). Apelin (show APLN Proteins) has a unique upstream signaling pathway, independent of the VEGF pathway.
Dll4 (show DLL4 Proteins) play an important role in choroidal neovascularization (CNV) angiogenesis, which appears to be regulated by HIF-1alpha (show HIF1A Proteins) and VEGF during the progression of CNV under hypoxic conditions.
A functional network involving VEGF, IGF2, and MMP9 (show MMP9 Proteins) in early placental trophoblast cells and maternal endometrium appears to be important for normal placentation.
This gene is a member of the PDGF/VEGF growth factor family and encodes a protein that is often found as a disulfide linked homodimer. This protein is a glycosylated mitogen that specifically acts on endothelial cells and has various effects, including mediating increased vascular permeability, inducing angiogenesis, vasculogenesis and endothelial cell growth, promoting cell migration, and inhibiting apoptosis. Elevated levels of this protein is linked to POEMS syndrome, also known as Crow-Fukase syndrome. Mutations in this gene have been associated with proliferative and nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy. Alternatively spliced transcript variants, encoding either freely secreted or cell-associated isoforms, have been characterized. There is also evidence for the use of non-AUG (CUG) translation initiation sites upstream of, and in-frame with the first AUG, leading to additional isoforms.
, vascular endothelial growth factor A
, vascular endothelial growth factor A-A
, vascular endothelial growth factor A-a
, vascular endothelial growth factor 164
, vascular permeability factor
, vascular endothelial growth factor 188
, angiogenic factor
, Vascular permeability factor
, endothelial growth factor-164
, vascular endothelial growth factor VEGF