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Ordered disorder of the astrocytic dystrophin-associated protein complex in the norm and pathology.
Forced expression of embryonic dystrophin in zebrafish using an exon-skipping approach severely impairs the mobility and muscle architecture.
Spatio-temporal differences in dystrophin dynamics at mRNA and protein levels have been revealed using a novel reporter system.
Data indicate that ataluren (0.1-1 muM, 3-5 dpf) improved contractile function (~60% improvement of force at 0.5 muM) and dystrophin expression.
early expression of the short carboxyl-terminal dystrophin transcript, with expression of the full length muscle transcript occurring during myogenesis.
Data suggest that dystrophin functions in regulation of calcium signaling during early stages of slow muscle cell differentiation; calcium signaling in these cells coincide with first spontaneous contractions of embryonic trunk.
analysis of the dystrophin associated protein complex in zebrafish
Data suggest that the progressive muscle degeneration phenotype of dystrophin mutant zebrafish embryos is caused by the failure of embryonic muscle end attachments.
Dystrophin family gene expression in zebrafish is reported.
reduction of dystrophin, dystroglycan and sarcoglycan (show SGCD Proteins) at translational level in embryos with overexpressed myostatin2
Data indicate that skeletal muscles from with a missense mutation in the dystrophin gene is associated with muscle histophatology.
The study and validation of DMD as a new player in tumor development and as a new prognostic factor for tumor progression and survival are warranted.
The entire DMD locus is dynamically transcribed by the RNA pol II; mechanisms involved in dystrophin gene expression control.
suggests that Dp71-lamin B1 (show LMNB1 Proteins) protein complex plays an important role for the newly identified tumor suppressive function of Dp71
Via increasing FAK (show PTK2 Proteins) in the cytoplasmic FAK (show PTK2 Proteins)-Dp71 , lamin B1 (show LMNB1 Proteins) of nucleus laminB1-Dp71 complex, HBE (show HBe1 Proteins)-Dp71d and HBE (show HBe1 Proteins)-Dp71f cells alter their proliferation, migration, invasion, cell cycle and apoptosis rate induced by H2O2.
Hence MyoD (show MYOD1 Proteins)-transformed cells may be a good myogenic model for studying dystrophin gene expression, and native urine stem cells could be used to study the dystrophin transcript, and both diagnostic procedures and splicing modulation therapies in both patients and control subjects, without invasive and costly collection methods
The de novo deletion of exons 17 to 29 of the DMD gene detected in the fetus may result in BMD (show BEST1 Proteins) or DMD.
recent work demonstrating that multi-step events are required for long DMD intron removal. The role of temporary intron retention in the occurrence of alternative splicing events is also discussed.
Study provides evidence that dystrophin contains multiple independent membrane-binding domains. These structurally and functionally distinctive membrane-binding domains provide a molecular framework for dystrophin to function as a shock absorber and signaling hub.
ultiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification combined with next-generation sequencing was effective for detection of the mutations in dystrophin gene exons in patient with Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies.
a very infrequently reported deletion of a single exon 48 of the dystrophin gene caused a subclinical or very mild form of Becker muscular dystrophy in nine non-consanguineous families
these results provide new insights into the spatial distribution of dystrophin glycoprotein components and their dynamics in living mice.
it is concluded that the LVH with high LVEDWS is associated to a degradation of dystrophin and increase of myocardial stiffness. At least in a murine model these alterations were attenuated after the administration of a matrix metalloprotease inhibitor.
Dystrophin-glycoprotein complex component dystroglycan 1 (Dag1) directly binds to the Hippo pathway effector Yap to inhibit cardiomyocyte proliferation in mice
CRIPSR-mediated genome editing efficiently excised the mutant exon 23 in dystrophic mice, restoring the expression of dystrophin protein expression in dystrophic cardiac muscles to a level approaching 40% and improving myocardial contraction.
We show that strong and specific expression of exogenous Dp71 in Muller cells leads to correct localization of Dp71 protein restoring all protein interactions in order to re-establish a proper functional BRB (show PTBP1 Proteins) and retina homeostasis thus preventing retina from oedema.
avoiding vector genome loss after AAV injection by PPMO pre-treatment would allow efficient long-term restoration of dystrophin and the use of lower and thus safer vector doses for Duchenne patients.
To optimize a dystrophin cDNA construct for therapeutic application we designed and produced four human minidystrophins within the packaging capacity of lentiviral vectors. Two novel minidystrophins retained the centrally located neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS (show NOS1 Proteins))-anchoring domain in order to achieve sarcolemmal nNOS (show NOS1 Proteins) restoration, which is lost in most internally deleted dystrophin constructs.
Our study demonstrates for the first time that low-level dystrophin can partially preserve heart function.
Dp71 expression in hepatic cells is carried out, in part, by YY1 (show YY1 Proteins)-, Sp1 (show SP1 Proteins)- and Sp3-mediated transcription from the Dp71 promoter.
Deficit in cognitive flexibility was observed in mdx mice in the absence of motor dysfunction or general learning impairments.
Dys protein regulates tarsal joint formation in response to Notch (show NOTCH1 Proteins) activity during Drosophila leg development.
The findings suggest that the signaling functions of Dystrophin protein are able to ameliorate dilated cardiomyopathy, and thus might help to improve heart muscle function in micro-Dystrophin-based gene therapy approaches.
Nrk, mbl, capt and Cam genetically interact with dystrophin and/or dystroglycan in the process of axon path-finding in the eye.
only dystroglycan, but not dystrophin deficiency causes myodegeneration induced by energetic stress suggesting that dystroglycan might be a component of the low-energy pathway and act as a transducer of energetic stress in normal and dystrophic muscles
Dystrophin and the Rho GTPase (show RACGAP1 Proteins) crossveinless-c signaling pathway likely interact at the postsynaptic side of the NMJ to maintain synaptic homeostasis.
Lack of the large dystrophin isoforms in the postsynaptic muscle cell leads to elevated evoked neurotransmitter release from presynaptic terminals.
Our results indicate the existence of at least two possibly separate roles of dystrophin in muscle, maintaining synaptic homeostasis and preserving the structural stability of the muscle.
The det locus encodes Drosophila dys, which acts with other components of the DAPC to influence intercellular signalling in developing wing veins.
Possibility that Dp186 modulates other non-Gbb/Wit-dependent retrograde signaling pathways required to maintain normal synaptic physiology.
The dystrophin gene is the largest gene found in nature, measuring 2.4 Mb. The gene was identified through a positional cloning approach, targeted at the isolation of the gene responsible for Duchenne (DMD) and Becker (BMD) Muscular Dystrophies. DMD is a recessive, fatal, X-linked disorder occurring at a frequency of about 1 in 3,500 new-born males. BMD is a milder allelic form. In general, DMD patients carry mutations which cause premature translation termination (nonsense or frame shift mutations), while in BMD patients dystrophin is reduced either in molecular weight (derived from in-frame deletions) or in expression level. The dystrophin gene is highly complex, containing at least eight independent, tissue-specific promoters and two polyA-addition sites. Furthermore, dystrophin RNA is differentially spliced, producing a range of different transcripts, encoding a large set of protein isoforms. Dystrophin (as encoded by the Dp427 transcripts) is a large, rod-like cytoskeletal protein which is found at the inner surface of muscle fibers. Dystrophin is part of the dystrophin-glycoprotein complex (DGC), which bridges the inner cytoskeleton (F-actin) and the extra-cellular matrix.
dystrophin (muscular dystrophy, Duchenne and Becker types)
, Duchenne muscular dystrophy
, dystrophin isoform Dp116
, dystrophin Dp71 isoform
, X-linked muscular dystrophy
, dystrophin transcript variant Dp71e
, dystrophin, muscular dystrophy
, Dystrophin-like protein 1
, Dystrophin-like protein 186
, Dystrophin-like protein 2
, Dystrophin-like protein 3
, dystrophin Dp186