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TMM70 likely encodes a mitochondrial membrane protein. Additionally we are shipping Transmembrane Protein 70 Antibodies (38) and Transmembrane Protein 70 Kits (2) and many more products for this protein.
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In summary, TMEM70 mutations can cause distinct ultrastructural mitochondrial degeneration and almost complete deficiency of ATP synthase but are still amenable to treatment.
TMEM70 deficiency is a panethnic, multisystemic disease with variable outcome depending mainly on adequate management of hyperammonaemic crises in the neonatal period and early childhood.
Pulmonary hypertension has rarely been reported in mitochondrial disorders and, so far, it has been described in association with TMEM70 deficiency only in one patient
These data indicate that the biological function of TMEM70 in the ATP synthase biogenesis may be mediated through interaction with other protein(s).
this study suggests that mutant TMEM70 associates in high molecular weight complexes (470-550 kDa) when expressed in Hela cells and exerts a direct action in ATP synthase biogenesis and assembly, mediating the incorporation of F1 moieties.
Fibroblasts from 10 patients with TMEM70 317-2A>G homozygous mutation showed a significant 82-89% decrease of ATP synthase and 50-162% increase of respiratory chain complex IV and 22-53% increase of complex III.
The authors report a fragmented mitochondrial network and swollen and irregularly shaped mitochondria with partial to complete loss of the cristae in fibroblasts of a patient with a novel TMEM70 gene deletion.
TMEM70 mutations are involved in the pathogenesis of 3-methylglutaconic acid (3-MGA) acydoses in populations of different ethnic origin and become a useful genetic marker for this disease.
The study identifies TMEM70 gene defect as a pan-ethnic disorder and further redefines it as the most common cause of nuclear-origin ATP synthase deficiency.
Complex V TMEM70 deficiency results in mitochondrial nucleoid disorganization.
This gene likely encodes a mitochondrial membrane protein. The encoded protein may play a role in biogenesis of mitochondrial ATP synthase. Mutations in this gene have been associated with neonatal mitochondrial encephalocardiomyopathy due to ATP synthase deficiency. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described.
transmembrane protein 70, mitochondrial