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This study investigated deiodinase 1 (Dio1 (show DIO1 ELISA Kits)), deiodinase 2 (Dio2), and deiodinase 3 (Dio3 (show DIO3 ELISA Kits)) mRNA expression at the several zebrafish life stages and found life stage specific expression of these genes that were highly localized.
No changes in TRb or DI-2 and DI-3 expression in tail tissue collected from Triclosan exposure larvae were found.
Dio3 (show DIO3 ELISA Kits)-/- mice display degeneration of retinal cones, the photoreceptors that mediate daylight and color vision. In Dio2-/- mice, cone function was largely normal but deletion of Dio2 in Dio3 (show DIO3 ELISA Kits)-/- mice markedly recovered cone numbers and electroretinogram responses, suggesting counterbalancing roles for both enzymes in cone survival.
The consistent association between Calr (show CALR ELISA Kits) and Dio2 expression suggests that enhanced expression of these two genes facilitate detrimental effects on cartilage integrity.
mice with astrocyte-specific Dio2 inactivation (Astro-D2KO) have normal serum T3 but exhibit anxiety-depression-like behavior as found in open field and elevated plus maze studies and when tested for depression using the tail-suspension and the forced-swimming tests
Mice subjected to a running regime have significant increased cartilage damage and synovitis scores. Lack of Dio2 protected against cartilage damage in this model and was reflected in a specific gene expression profile.
Data show that type 2 deiodinase (Dio2) inactivation in skeletal myocytes preserves T3 thyroid hormone (show PTH ELISA Kits) content and only mildly disrupts thyroid hormone (show PTH ELISA Kits) signaling.
These studies reveal that tissue-specific differences in D2 ubiquitination are an inherent property of the TRH/TSH feedback mechanism
congenital severe reduction of thyrotroph Dio2 causes a major impairment of the TSH response to hypothyroidism
Systemic changes in thyroid hormone (show PTH ELISA Kits) economy as a result of acute food deprivation are not dependent on the deiodinases D1 or D2 but are mediated in part by sequestration of type 4 and type 3 in tissues and their enhanced metabolism by deiodinase D3.
Data indicate that deiodinase Dio2 was mainly localized in stroma cells before implantation, whereas deiodinase Dio3 (show DIO3 ELISA Kits) was highly expressed in stromal cells after implantation.
Data suggest that hepatic deiodinase type 2 (D2) favors the innate immune response by specifically regulating cellular thyroid hormone (show PTH ELISA Kits) levels in macrophages.
Thyroidectomized patients carrying DIO2 Thr92Ala are at increased risk of reduced intracellular and serum T3 concentrations that are not adequately compensated for by LT4, thus providing evidence in favor of customized treatment of hypothyroidism in athyreotic patients.
D2-Thr92Ala genetic variant is associated with the severity and the obstetric outcome of preeclampsia, and it also influences thyroid hormone (show PTH ELISA Kits) levels.
Homozygosity for the Dio2 Thr92Ala polymorphism is associated with higher HbA1C levels in type 2 diabetes patients. [Meta-Analysis]
the reduction of SAT DIO2 expression is negatively correlated with DBP (show GC ELISA Kits) and TG levels that are associated with the MetS. This might have an effect on developing MetS.
In subjects who are alcohol dependent, the rs225014 DIO2 gene was associated with significant differences in the amount of naturalistic alcohol drinking.
Data provide evidence in humans that genetic predisposition combined with early osteoarthritis-related changes results in loff of epigenetic silencing of DIO2.
DIO2 gene plays a role in the etiology of recurrent depressive disorder.Association of the DIO2 gene single nucleotide polymorphisms with recurrent depressive disorder.
DIO2 gene polymorphisms may play a role in the incidence of MCI in male patients.
conversion of T4 to T3 by D2 is required for TRalpha1/PI3K (show PIK3CA ELISA Kits)-mediated nongenomic actions of T4 in HUVECs, including stimulation of Akt (show AKT1 ELISA Kits) phosphorylation and Rac (show AKT1 ELISA Kits) activation, which result in cell migration.
Thyroid hormone (show PTH ELISA Kits) deiodinases D1, D2, and D3 are differentially expressed in endothelial cells following thyroid hormone (show PTH ELISA Kits) exposure.
Increased expression of mammary TRbeta1 (show THRB ELISA Kits) and DIO2, and decreased RXRalpha (show RXRA ELISA Kits), provide a mechanism to increase thyroid hormone (show PTH ELISA Kits) activity within the mammary gland during lactation.
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the iodothyronine deiodinase family. It activates thyroid hormone by converting the prohormone thyroxine (T4) by outer ring deiodination (ORD) to bioactive 3,3',5-triiodothyronine (T3). It is highly expressed in the thyroid, and may contribute significantly to the relative increase in thyroidal T3 production in patients with Graves disease and thyroid adenomas. This protein contains selenocysteine (Sec) residues encoded by the UGA codon, which normally signals translation termination. The 3' UTR of Sec-containing genes have a common stem-loop structure, the sec insertion sequence (SECIS), which is necessary for the recognition of UGA as a Sec codon rather than as a stop signal. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms.
type II iodothyronine deiodinase
, deiodinase, iodothyronine, type II
, iodothyronine type II deiodinase
, deiodinase 2
, deiodinase, iodothyronine, type 2
, type 2 deiodinase
, type 2 DI
, type-II 5' deiodinase
, type-II 5'-deiodinase
, thyroxine deiodinase, type II
, type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase
, type-II 5'deiodinase