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Study demonstrated that PAK4 interacted with eEF1A1 (show EEF1A1 ELISA Kits) to promote migration and invasion of gastric cancer cells, thereby providing new insights into the function of PAK4 and eEF1A1 (show EEF1A1 ELISA Kits) in the progression of gastric cancer.
The results support a novel connection between HIF-1a (show HIF1A ELISA Kits) and Pak4 in hypoxic cancer cells, and provide insights into mechanisms whereby tumors respond to and thrive under oxygen-deficient conditions.
Data suggest that signaling via ANP (show NPPA ELISA Kits)/ANPR (atrial natriuretic factor/ANP (show NPPA ELISA Kits) receptor (show PPP5C ELISA Kits)) in vascular endothelial cells activates PAK4 (p21-activated kinase 4) and CCM2 (cerebral cavernous malformation 2 (show CCM2 ELISA Kits) protein), resulting in phosphorylation of MLC (myosin light chain), cytoskeletal reorganization, and cell spreading; kinase homology domain of ANPRA (guanylyl cyclase-A (show NPR1 ELISA Kits)) activates downstream targets of ANP (show NPPA ELISA Kits)/ANPR signaling.
High expression of PAK4 is associated with breast cancer.
In gastric cancer, High PAK4 expression was significantly correlated with clinicopathological variables related to tumour progression, including depth of invasion, metastatic lymph nodes, pathological stage, distant metastasis or recurrent disease. High PAK4 expression was significantly associated with poorer disease-specific survival and relapse-free survival.
PAK4 methylation by SETD6 (show SETD6 ELISA Kits) promotes the activation of the Wnt (show WNT2 ELISA Kits)/beta-catenin (show CTNNB1 ELISA Kits) pathway.
Study has confirms prognostic role of PAK4 level in cervical cancer patients and recognizes the regulatory role in cervical cancer progression. PAK4 also confers the chemoresistance of cervical cancer cells in a PI3K (show PIK3CA ELISA Kits)/Akt (show AKT1 ELISA Kits)-dependent way.
PAK4 catalytic domain binds cellular ATP and the Inka1 inhibitor. The crystal lattice consists only of PAK4-PAK4 contacts, which form a hexagonal array with channels of 80 A in diameter that run the length of the crystal.
PAK4 localizes to cell-cell junctions and contributes to estblishing cell polarity.PAK4 phosphorylate beta-catenin (show CTNNB1 ELISA Kits) Serine-675.PAK4 binding to cell-cell junctions is dependent on Cdc42 (show CDC42 ELISA Kits).
Nuclear Pak4 is involved in the pathogenesis of endometrial cancer especially in postmenopausal women.
PAK4 microparticles may have a role in the ventilation-induced lung injury process
These data demonstrate the relevance of PAK4 in osteoclast differentiation and the potential of PAK4 inhibitors for treating osteoclast-related disorders.
PAK4 promotes alpha-MSH/UVB-induced melanogenesis via the CREB (show CREB1 ELISA Kits) and Wnt (show WNT2 ELISA Kits)/beta-catenin (show CTNNB1 ELISA Kits) signaling pathways and suggest that PAK4 may be a potential therapeutic target in pigmentation disorders.
PAK4 phosphorylates Par6B (show PARD6B ELISA Kits) at Ser143 blocking its interaction with Cdc42 (show CDC42 ELISA Kits).
Defined here is the overlap in phosphopeptides regulated by K-Ras (show HRAS ELISA Kits), Cdc42 (show CDC42 ELISA Kits), and PAK4; perturbation of these signaling components affects phosphoproteins associated with microtubule depolymerization, cytoskeletal organization, and the cell cycle.
These results indicate that PAK4 functions, including control of actin dynamics, are necessary for normal development of the heart
p21-activated kinase 4 regulates regulatory myosin light chain phosphorylation and myosin contractility during FcgammaR-mediated phagocytosis.
the transient increase in PAK4 levels at early G1 reduces p21 levels, thereby abrogating the activity of CDK4 (show CDK4 ELISA Kits)/CDK6 (show CDK6 ELISA Kits) kinases, and allowing cells to proceed with the cell cycle in a precisely coordinated way
Conditional Pak4 knockout mice were born normally, but displayed growth retardation and died prematurely. The brains showed a dramatic decrease in proliferation of cortical and striatal neuronal progenitor cells.
results suggest that overexpression of Pak4 triggers events that are important for the transformation of mammary epithelial cells
PAK proteins, a family of serine/threonine p21-activating kinases, include PAK1, PAK2, PAK3 and PAK4. PAK proteins are critical effectors that link Rho GTPases to cytoskeleton reorganization and nuclear signaling. They serve as targets for the small GTP binding proteins Cdc42 and Rac and have been implicated in a wide range of biological activities. PAK4 interacts specifically with the GTP-bound form of Cdc42Hs and weakly activates the JNK family of MAP kinases. PAK4 is a mediator of filopodia formation and may play a role in the reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been found for this gene.
p21-activated kinase 4
, p21(CDKN1A)-activated kinase 4
, protein kinase related to S. cerevisiae STE20, effector for Cdc42Hs
, serine/threonine-protein kinase PAK 4
, p21 (CDKN1A)-activated kinase 4