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glomerular-derived Esm-1 as a potential non-invasive biomarker of diabetic nephropathy
Results reveal a novel pathway for endocan in the control of tumor growth, which involves inflammatory cells of the innate immunity.
Esm1 modulates endothelial tip cell behavior and vascular permeability by enhancing VEGF bioavailability.
This study shows endocan can elicit severe inflammatory responses and inhibiting endocan release offers a potential strategy for treating sepsis.
endocan is normally present in the mouse brain and prior vascular perfusion with FITC may provide a useful tool for identify newly forming blood vessels.
Mouse endocan serum level was measured at a median of 0.96 ng/mL and 1.08 ng/mL in 129Sv mice and C57bl6, respectively.
A paracrine vasoregulatory pathway mediated by endothelial cell-derived ET-1 (show EDN1 Proteins) acting on the vascular smooth muscle ET(A (show EDNRA Proteins)) receptor.
Results suggest that endocan (ESM-1)is preferentially expressed in tumor endothelium in vivo and that its expression is regulated by tumor-derived factors.
Endocan expression is increased in the human placenta from obese women with gestational diabetes, and in response to pro-inflammatory stimuli. Loss-of-function studies in villous trophoblast cells and HUVECs revealed that endocan is not directly involved in the genesis or in the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines induced by LPS (show IRF6 Proteins) or IL-1beta (show IL1B Proteins).
Systemic inflammation may be responsible for the rise in endocan levels following cardiopulmonary bypass.
Endocan expression was correlated with poor clinical outcomes in patients with Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors . The results indicated that endocan expression may be a reliable marker for predicting tumor recurrence in patients with PNETs.
Physical activity increases circulating endocan level.
These findings provide the first evidence that the imbalance of MMP-9 (show MMP9 Proteins)/TIMP-1 (show TIMP1 Proteins), is one of the regulation mechanisms by which ESM1 promotes tumorigenicity and metastasis of prostate cancer cells.
These results are consistent with the view that endocan measured in ICU patients is intact, stable, and accurate. Then, the low endocan level observed in ICU patients who developed acute respiratory distress syndrome is likely to be reliable.
Dopamine agonist resistance-related ESM1 promotes the angiogenesis and tumor cells growth of prolactinomas, suggesting that ESM1 may be a novel therapeutic target for prolactinomas.
These results suggest human cytomegalovirus infection leads to glioma progression through an upregulation of endocan and the secretion of inflammatory cytokines.
Endocan-expressing microvessel density significantly correlates with the expression of VEGF (show VEGFA Proteins) and VEGFR2 (show KDR Proteins) and is a valuable prognostic factor for survival in human gastric cancer.
This gene encodes a secreted protein which is mainly expressed in the endothelial cells in human lung and kidney tissues. The expression of this gene is regulated by cytokines, suggesting that it may play a role in endothelium-dependent pathological disorders. The transcript contains multiple polyadenylation and mRNA instability signals. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.
endothelial cell-specific molecule 1
, ESM-1 secretory protein
, pineal specific PG25 protein