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Metalloproteinase which specifically cleaves IGFBP-5. Additionally we are shipping Pappalysin 2 Antibodies (48) and Pappalysin 2 Kits (28) and many more products for this protein.
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Human PAPPA2 Protein expressed in Human Cells - ABIN2003006
Crosley, Durland, Seethram, MacRae, Gruslin, Christians: First-trimester levels of pregnancy-associated plasma protein A2 (PAPP-A2) in the maternal circulation are elevated in pregnancies that subsequently develop preeclampsia. in Reproductive sciences (Thousand Oaks, Calif.) 2014
This review evaluates the current data concerning PAPP-A2 function, and particularly the effect of PAPP-A2 mutation on growth.
Locally-produced Pappa2 in osteoblasts, epiphysis, and metaphysis, is required for normal postnatal bone growth.
Despite a dramatic disruption of the balance between circulating IGF-I (show IGF1 Proteins), IGFBP-3 (show IGFBP3 Proteins) and -5, we found no effects of Pappa2 deletion on glucose metabolism, weight gain or adiposity on a high-fat diet.
Pappa2 deletion had no effect on female reproduction and subtle effects on male fertility.
Pappa2 is responsible for the effects of the previously-identified QTL, demonstrating that natural variation in the Pappa2 gene contributes to variation in postnatal growth in mice
investigation of biological role of PAPP-A2 using knockout mice, heterozygotes, primary fibroblasts: The most striking phenotype of PAPP-A2 KO mice was postnatal growth retardation. PAPP-A2 KO mice were fertile, but exhibited compromised fecundity.
Elevated PAPPA2 levels are a consequence rather than a cause of pregnancy complications.
The refinement of the target region to four genes and the finding that the QTL affects IGFBP-5 (show IGFBP5 Proteins) levels suggest that PAPPA2 may be involved with normal postnatal growth
Pappa2 expression also shows specific localization within the mouse embryo and therefore may play roles in fetal development, independent of its action in the placenta
Pregnancy associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A (show PAPPA Proteins)) appears to be a potentially useful biomarker for short-term risk stratification of patients presenting with chest pain of ischemic origin (Review).
PAPP-A2 is increased in Hemodialysis patients and interacts with PAPP-A (show PAPPA Proteins) on patients prognosis.
These patients provide important insights into the regulation of longitudinal growth in humans, documenting the critical role of PAPP-A2 in releasing IGF-I (show IGF1 Proteins) from its binding proteins.
Short-term treatment with progressive doses of rhIGF1 (recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-1 (show IGF1 Proteins)) improved growth in two siblings with deficiency of PAPP-A2 (pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A2) [due to a homozygous loss-of-function frameshift mutation in exon 3 of the PAPP-A2 gene (p.D643fs25*)] that resulted in postnatal growth failure due to resulting decrease in IGF1 (show IGF1 Proteins) bioavailability. [CASE REPORT]
in situ hybridization (ISH (show ANTXR2 Proteins)) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) were employed to examine the spatial and temporal expression of PAPPA2 in the human fetomaternal interface.
PAPP-A2 is differentially expressed in different trophoblast populations and shows strong down regulation in the mid second trimester in chorionic villous samples.
The association between this PAPPA2 single nucleotide polymorphism and developmental dysplasia of the hip was evaluated.
The upregulation of PAPP-A2 observed in preeclampsia at term occurs early in pregnancy, before the symptoms develop.
PAPPA2 may be upregulated in severe pre-eclampsia and, functionally, this may be mediated via increased placental hypoxia known to occur with this pregnancy disorder.
Variants in the pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A2 gene on Bos taurus autosome 16 are associated with daughter calving ease and productive life in Holstein cattle.
Papp-a2 modulates Bmp and Notch (show NOTCH1 Proteins) signaling by independent mechanisms in zebrafish embryos to control cranial cartilage development and angiogenesis.
Metalloproteinase which specifically cleaves IGFBP-5. Shows limited proteolysis toward IGFBP-3.
, pregnancy-associated plasma preproprotein-A2
, pregnancy-associated plasma protein-E
, pregnancy-associated plasma protein E1
, pappalysin 2