alpha Tubulin antibody (TUBA1) (FITC)

Details for Product anti-TUBA1 Antibody No. ABIN93892
Antigen
Reactivity
All Species
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Host
Mouse
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132
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4
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1
Clonality (Clone)
Monoclonal ()
Conjugate
This alpha Tubulin antibody is conjugated to FITC
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Application
Immunocytochemistry (ICC), Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin-embedded Sections) (IHC (p)), Western Blotting (WB)
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Options
Immunogen Fraction of tubulin purified from porcine brain by two cycles of polymerization - depolymerization.
Clone TU-01
Isotype IgG1
Specificity The antibody TU-01 recognizes the defined epitope (aa 65-97) on N-terminal structural domain of alpha-tubulin.
Cross-Reactivity (Details) Broad species reactivity
Antigen
Alternative Name alpha-tubulin (TUBA1 Antibody Abstract)
Background The microtubules are intracellular dynamic polymers made up of evolutionarily conserved polymorphic alpha/beta-tubulin heterodimers and a large number of microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs). The microtubules consist of 13 protofilaments and have an outer diameter 25 nm. Microtubules have their intrinsic polarity, highly dynamic plus ends and less dynamic minus ends. Microtubules are required for vital processes in eukaryotic cells including mitosis, meiosis, maintenance of cell shape and intracellular transport. Microtubules are also necessary for movement of cells by means of flagella and cilia. In mammalian tissue culture cells microtubules have their minus ends anchored in microtubule organizing centers (MTOCs).The GTP (guanosintriphosphate) molecule is an essential for tubulin heterodimer to associate with other heterodimers to form microtubule. In vivo, microtubule dynamics vary considerably. Microtubule polymerization is reversible and a populations of microtubules in cells are on their minus ends either growing or shortening –, this phenomenon is called dynamic instability of microtubules. On a practical level, microtubules can easily be stabilized by the addition of non-hydrolysable analogues of GTP (eg. GMPPCP) or more commonly by anti-cancer drugs such as Taxol. Taxol stabilizes microtubules at room temperature for many hours. Using limited proteolysis by enzymes both tubulin subunits can be divided into N-terminal and C-terminal structural domains. The alpha-tubulin (relative molecular weight around 50 kDa) is globular protein that exists in cells as part of soluble alpha/beta-tubulin dimer or it is polymerized into microtubules. In different species it is coded by multiple tubulin genes that form tubulin classes (in human 6 genes). Expressed tubulin genes are named tubulin isotypes. Some of the tubulin isotypes are expressed ubiquitously, while some have more restricted tissue expression.Alpha-tubulin is also subject of numerous post-translational modifications. Tubulin isotypes and their posttranslational modifications are responsible for multiple tubulin charge variants - tubulin isoforms. Heterogeneity of alpha-tubulin is concentrated in C-terminal structural domain.
Pathways Microtubule Dynamics
Application Notes The reagent is designed for direct immunofluorescence analysis on fixed and permeabilized cells. Suggested working dilution is 1:50. It is recommended that the user titrates the reagent for use in the particular testing system.
Comment

The purified antibody is conjugated with Fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) under optimum conditions. The reagent is free of unconjugated FITC.

Restrictions For Research Use only
Concentration 1 mg/mL
Buffer Phosphate buffered saline (PBS) with 15 mM sodium azide, approx. pH 7.4
Preservative Sodium azide
Precaution of Use This product contains Sodium azide: a POISONOUS AND HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE which should be handled by trained staff only.
Handling Advice Do not freeze.
Avoid prolonged exposure to light.
Storage 4 °C
Storage Comment Store in the dark at 2-8°C. Do not freeze. Avoid prolonged exposure to light. Do not use after expiration date stamped on vial label.
Supplier Images
Image no. 1 for anti-alpha Tubulin (TUBA1) antibody (FITC) (ABIN93892) Immunocytochemistry staining of alpha tubulin in HeLa cells using mouse monoclonal an...
Product cited in: Lukas, Mazna, Valenta, Doubravska, Pospichalova, Vojtechova, Fafilek, Ivanek, Plachy, Novak, Korinek: "Dazap2 modulates transcription driven by the Wnt effector TCF-4." in: Nucleic acids research, Vol. 37, Issue 9, pp. 3007-20, 2009 (PubMed).

Kukharskyy, Sulimenko, Mac?rek, Sulimenko, Dráberová, Dráber: "Complexes of gamma-tubulin with nonreceptor protein tyrosine kinases Src and Fyn in differentiating P19 embryonal carcinoma cells." in: Experimental cell research, Vol. 298, Issue 1, pp. 218-28, 2004 (PubMed).

Smertenko, Blume, Viklický, Opatrný, Dráber: "Post-translational modifications and multiple tubulin isoforms in Nicotiana tabacum L. cells." in: Planta, Vol. 201, Issue 3, pp. 349-58, 1997 (PubMed).

Smertenko, Blume, Viklický, Dráber: "Exposure of tubulin structural domains in Nicotiana tabacum microtubules probed by monoclonal antibodies." in: European journal of cell biology, Vol. 72, Issue 2, pp. 104-12, 1997 (PubMed).

Nováková, Dráberová, Schürmann, Czihak, Viklický, Dr-aber: "gamma-Tubulin redistribution in taxol-treated mitotic cells probed by monoclonal antibodies." in: Cell motility and the cytoskeleton, Vol. 33, Issue 1, pp. 38-51, 1996 (PubMed).

Linhartová, Dráber, Dráberová, Viklický: "Immunological discrimination of beta-tubulin isoforms in developing mouse brain. Post-translational modification of non-class-III beta-tubulins." in: The Biochemical journal, Vol. 288 ( Pt 3), pp. 919-24, 1993 (PubMed).

Dráber, Dráberová, Viklický: "Immunostaining of human spermatozoa with tubulin domain-specific monoclonal antibodies. Recognition of a unique beta-tubulin epitope in the sperm head." in: Histochemistry, Vol. 95, Issue 5, pp. 519-24, 1991 (PubMed).

Dráber, Dráberová, Linhartová, Viklický: "Differences in the exposure of C- and N-terminal tubulin domains in cytoplasmic microtubules detected with domain-specific monoclonal antibodies." in: Journal of cell science, Vol. 92 ( Pt 3), pp. 519-28, 1990 (PubMed).

Dráber, Dráberová, Zicconi, Sellitto, Viklický, Cappuccinelli: "Heterogeneity of microtubules recognized by monoclonal antibodies to alpha-tubulin." in: European journal of cell biology, Vol. 41, Issue 1, pp. 82-8, 1987 (PubMed).

Grimm, Breitling, Little: "Location of the epitope for the alpha-tubulin monoclonal antibody TU-O1." in: Biochimica et biophysica acta, Vol. 914, Issue 1, pp. 83-8, 1987 (PubMed).

Viklický, Dráber, Hasek, Bártek: "Production and characterization of a monoclonal antitubulin antibody." in: Cell biology international reports, Vol. 6, Issue 8, pp. 725-31, 1982 (PubMed).