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It has been shown that HCMV has evolved mutational robustness against IFN-beta by limiting the presence of APOBEC3G (show APOBEC3G Proteins) hot spots in essential open reading frames of its genome.
These experimental data establish the retromer complex as a key spatiotemporal regulator of IFNAR (show IFNAR1 Proteins) endosomal sorting and a new factor in type-I IFN-induced JAK (show JAK3 Proteins)/STAT (show STAT1 Proteins) signalling and gene transcription.
RIG-I (show DDX58 Proteins)-like receptors have a role in induction of interferon (show IFNA Proteins)-beta1 in antiviral gene expression
Transcriptomic analysis of e (show ROS1 Proteins)arly untreated dermatomyositis muscles revealed that the main cluster of down-regulated genes was mitochondria-related. Histochemical, electron microscopy, and in situ oxygraphy analysis showed mitochondrial abnormalities, including increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) productio (show ROS1 Proteins)n and decreased respiration, which was correlated with low exercise capacities and a type I IFN signature.
Gas6 (show GAS6 Proteins) bound to the fiber proteins of adenovirus and suppressed IFN beta production.
The overexpression of NPIPB3 restored the interferon-beta responses in severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus open reading frame 6 (SARS-CoV ORF6) expressing cells, indicating that the interaction of SARS CoV ORF6 and NPIPB3 reduced Type I interferon antagonism by SARS-CoV ORF6.
The results demonstrate that cystatin B (show CSTB Proteins) interferes with the STAT-1 (show STAT1 Proteins) signaling and IFN-beta-antiviral responses perpetuating HIV in macrophage reservoirs.
The review focuses on the value of the type I and III interferon (show IFNA Proteins) subtypes (alphas, beta and lambdas) as therapeutics for prevention and treatment of viral infections (influenza, herpes, human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis viruses).
This review briefly discusses the dysregulation of main T cell subpopulations in CNS autoimmunity and summarized the T cell targeted effects of endogenous and exogenous IFN-beta in health and EAE/MS, with emphasis on the direct actions of IFN-beta on each T cell subset involved in the disease.
c-Cbl (show CBL Proteins) negatively regulates IFN-beta signaling and cellular antiviral response by promoting IRF3 (show IRF3 Proteins) ubiquitination and degradation.
Macrophages activated by metabolic endotoxemia infiltrated into islets and produced IFNbeta, which induced beta-cell apoptosis by increasing the expression of Xaf1 (show XAF1 Proteins).
Reactive oxygen species (ROS (show ROS1 Proteins)) scavenger N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) prevented mitochondrial dysfunctions, type I IFN-stimulated transcript levels, inflammatory cell infiltrate, and muscle weakness in an experimental autoimmune myositis mouse model. Thus, these data highlight a central role of mitochondria and ROS (show ROS1 Proteins) in dermatomyositis .
Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae DNA as a Pathogen-Associated Molecular Pattern Molecules triggered I-IFN response, which was STING/TBK1 (show TBK1 Proteins)/IRF3 (show IRF3 Proteins) dependent.
The Lipopolysaccharide and IFN-beta-mediated increase of STAT1 (show STAT1 Proteins) mRNA and protein levels was abrogated by chelation of Zn(2+) with the membrane permeable chelator N,N,N',N'-Tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine (TPEN) in RAW 264.7 macrophages.
MAVS (show MAVS Proteins) is essential for spontaneous high basal expression of IFN-beta in cardiac myocytes and the heart.
Mycobacterium smegmatis induces higher Ifnb expression in macrophages than Mycobacterium avium subspecies.
In experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, IFN-beta inhibited downstream inflammatory cytokines through the inhibition of PI3K/AKT (show AKT1 Proteins)/NF-kappaB (show NFKB1 Proteins) axis and p38 (show CRK Proteins), JNK (show MAPK8 Proteins)-MAPK (show MAPK1 Proteins), as well as the regulation of mTOR (show FRAP1 Proteins) complexes. Moreover, IFN-beta inhibited Th17 differentiation and influenced the acetylation of the Il17a (show IL17A Proteins) and Opn (show SPP1 Proteins) gene promoters. IFN-beta plays a role in Th17 differentiation partly through the inhibition of OPN (show SPP1 Proteins).
Rb selectively inhibits innate IFN-beta production by enhancing deacetylation of Ifnb1 promoter, exhibiting a previous unknown non-classical role in innate immunity, which also suggests a role of Rb in the regulation of type I IFN production in inflammatory or autoimmune diseases.
BVDV2-E significantly increased IFN-beta activity compared to BVDV2-wt.
The data confirm the involvement of EHMT2 (show EHMT2 Proteins) in the epigenetic regulation of IFN-b and demonstrate the activation of a general antiviral state after EHMT2 (show EHMT2 Proteins) inhibition.
The authors provide evidence that ICP27 protein encoded by bovine herpesvirus type 1, a viral early protein that shuttles between the nucleus and cytoplasm inhibits transcriptional activity of two bovine IFN-beta gene promoters (IFN-beta1 and IFN-beta3).
The authors demonstrate that bovine herpesvirus 1 bICP0 effectively inhibits bovine IFN-beta promoter activity and induces IRF3 (show IRF3 Proteins) degradation.
These studies provide evidence that virus infection differentially stimulates expression of the three bovine IFN-beta genes.
recombinant bovine respiratory syncytial virus lacking the NS proteins, and those lacking NS2 in particular, are strong inducers of IFN-alpha (show IFNA Proteins)/beta in bovine nasal fibroblasts and bronchoalveolar macrophages.
Key regulators involved in Porcine circovirus 2 infection were identified as IFNbeta, DDX58 (RIG-I (show DDX58 Proteins)), and IRF7 (show IRF7 Proteins).
These results indicate that porcine circovirus type 2 disrupts the interaction of KPNA3 (show KPNA3 Proteins) with p-IRF3 (show IRF3 Proteins) and blocks p-IRF3 (show IRF3 Proteins) translocation to the nucleus, thereby inhibiting IFN-beta induction in PK-15 cells.
Nuclear export of NSP1alpha of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus was necessary for its ability for IFN beta inhibition.
Porcine deltacoronavirus nsp5 (show SPECC1 Proteins), the 3C-like protease, inhibits interferon-beta production through the cleavage of NEMO (show IKBKG Proteins).
Highly pathogenic Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus modulates Interferon-beta expression mainly through attenuating IRF-3 (show IRF3 Proteins) phosphorylation.
Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus nsp1 inhibited the IFN-beta and IRF3 (show IRF3 Proteins) promoter activities.
poIFIT3 plays a significant role in the clearance of swine influenza virus in pigs and potentiates IFN-beta production.
DDX41 (show DDX41 Proteins) is involved in the dsDNA- and dsDNA-virus-mediated type IFN-beta signaling pathway in porcine kidney cells.
VIral NS4 (show SOS1 Proteins) protein antagonizes beta interferon (show IFNA Proteins) expression by targeting the NF-kappaB (show NFKB1 Proteins) essential modulator.
Swine IFN-beta promotes genetic mutation of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus.
either JC1 or DS1 C/EBP site is sufficient to mediate IFN beta-induced down-regulation of SIV long terminal repeat activity and virus replication in macrophages
Hepatitis A virus protein 2B suppresses beta interferon (show IFNA Proteins) (IFN) gene transcription by interfering with IFN regulatory factor 3 activation.
suppresses the growth of rat glioma cells
, fibroblast interferon
, interferon beta
, interferon, beta 1
, interferon beta-1
, interferon beta 1
, interferon type B
, interferon, beta 1, fibroblast