IFNG ELISA Kit (Interferon gamma)

Details for Product IFNG ELISA Kit No. ABIN624995, Supplier: Log in to see
Antigen
  • IFG
  • IFI
  • IFN-g
  • Ifg
  • IFNG2
  • IFN-gamma
  • IFN-G
  • IFNG
  • IFNgamma
  • TCRalpha
  • INF-G
  • ifng
  • interferon gamma
  • interferon, gamma 1-2
  • IFNG
  • Ifng
  • ifng1-2
Reactivity
Human
Alternatives
Kits with alternative reactivity to:
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1
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Method Type
Sandwich ELISA
Detection Range
15-15000 pg/mL
Minimum Detection Limit
15 pg/mL
Application
ELISA
Options
Supplier
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Supplier Product No.
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Purpose Human IFN-gamma ELISA Kit for cell culture supernatants, plasma, and serum samples.
Sample Type Plasma, Cell Culture Supernatant, Serum
Analytical Method Quantitative
Detection Method Colorimetric
Specificity This ELISA kit shows no cross-reactivity with any of the cytokines tested: Human Angiogenin, BDNF, BLC, ENA-78, FGF-4, IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-2, IL-3, IL-4, IL-5, IL-7, IL-8, IL-9, IL-10, IL-11, IL-12 p70, IL-12 p40, IL-13, IL-15, I-309, IP-10, G-CSF, GM-CSF, MCP-1, MCP-2, MCP-3, MDC, MIP-1 alpha, MIP-1 beta, MIP-1 delta, PARC, PDGF, RANTES, SCF, TARC, TGF-beta, TIMP-1, TIMP-2, TNF-alpha, TNF-beta, TPO, VEGF.
Sensitivity < 15 pg/mL
Characteristics
  • Strip plates and additional reagents allow for use in multiple experiments
  • Quantitative protein detection
  • Establishes normal range
  • The best products for confirmation of antibody array data
Components
  • Pre-Coated 96-well Strip Microplate
  • Wash Buffer
  • Stop Solution
  • Assay Diluent(s)
  • Lyophilized Standard
  • Biotinylated Detection Antibody
  • Streptavidin-Conjugated HRP
  • TMB One-Step Substrate
Material not included
  • Distilled or deionized water
  • Precision pipettes to deliver 2 μL to 1 μL volumes
  • Adjustable 1-25 μL pipettes for reagent preparation
  • 100 μL and 1 liter graduated cylinders
  • Tubes to prepare standard and sample dilutions
  • Absorbent paper
  • Microplate reader capable of measuring absorbance at 450nm
  • Log-log graph paper or computer and software for ELISA data analysis
Plasmids, Primers & others Plasmids, Primers & others IFNG products on genomics-online (e.g. as negative or positive controls)
Alternative Name IFN-gamma (IFNG ELISA Kit Abstract)
Background IFN-gamma is produced mainly by T-cells and natural killer cells activated by antigens, mitogens, or alloantigens. It is produced by lymphocytes expressing the surface antigens CD4 and CD8. IFN-gamma is a dimeric protein with subunits of 146 amino acids. The protein is glycosylated at two sites. The pI is 8.3-8.5. IFN-gamma inhibits the growth of B-cells induced by IL-4. IFN-gamma inhibits the proliferation of smooth muscle cells of the arterial intima in vitro and in vivo and therefore probably functions as an endogenous inhibitor for vascular overreactions such as stenosis following injuries of arteries. The Human IFN-gamma ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay) kit is an in vitro enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the quantitative measurement of human IFN-gamma in serum, plasma, cell culture supernatants and urine. This assay employs an antibody specific for human IFN-gamma coated on a 96-well plate. Standards and samples are pipetted into the wells and IFN-gamma present in a sample is bound to the wells by the immobilized antibody. The wells are washed and biotinylated anti-human IFN-gamma antibody is added. After washing away unbound biotinylated antibody, HRP-conjugated streptavidin is pipetted to the wells. The wells are again washed, a TMB substrate solution is added to the wells and color develops in proportion to the amount of IFN-gamma bound. The Stop Solution changes the color from blue to yellow, and the intensity of the color is measured at 450 nm. Reproducibility: Intra-Assay: CV<10% Inter-Assay: CV<12%.
Gene ID 3458
UniProt P01579
Pathways Interferon-gamma Pathway, Cellular Response to Molecule of Bacterial Origin, Regulation of Leukocyte Mediated Immunity, Positive Regulation of Immune Effector Process, Production of Molecular Mediator of Immune Response, ER-Nucleus Signaling, Regulation of Carbohydrate Metabolic Process, Protein targeting to Nucleus, Autophagy
Application Notes Recommended Dilution for serum and plasma samples2 fold
Sample Volume 100 μL
Plate Pre-coated
Protocol
  1. Prepare all reagents, samples and standards as instructed in the manual.
  2. Add 100 μL of standard or sample to each well.
  3. Incubate 2.5 h at RT or O/N at 4 °C.
  4. Add 100 μL of prepared biotin antibody to each well.
  5. Incubate 1 h at RT.
  6. Add 100 μL of prepared Streptavidin solution to each well.
  7. Incubate 45 min at RT.
  8. Add 100 μL of TMB One-Step Substrate Reagent to each well.
  9. Incubate 30 min at RT.
  10. Add 50 μL of Stop Solution to each well.
  11. Read at 450 nm immediately.
Reagent Preparation
  1. Bring all reagents and samples to room temperature (18 - 25 °C) before use.
    2. Sample dilution: If your samples need to be diluted, Assay Diluent A (Item D) should be used for dilution of serum/plasma samples. 1x Assay Diluent B (Item E) should be used for dilution of culture supernatants and urine. Suggested dilution for normal serum/plasma: 2 fold. Please note that levels of the target protein may vary between different specimens. Optimal dilution factors for each sample must be determined by the investigator.
    3. Assay Diluent B should be diluted 5-fold with deionized or distilled water.
    4. Preparation of standard: Briefly spin the vial of Item C and then add 400 µL Assay Diluent A (for serum/plasma samples) or 1x Assay Diluent B (for cell culture medium and urine) into Item C vial to prepare a 50 ng/mL standard. Dissolve the powder thoroughly by a gentle mix. Add 180 µL IFN-gamma standard from the vial of Item C, into a tube with 420 µL Assay Diluent A or 1x Assay Diluent B to prepare a 15,000 pg/mL stock standard solution. Pipette 400 µL Assay Diluent A or 1x Assay Diluent B into each tube. Use the stock standard solution to produce a dilution series . Mix each tube thoroughly before the next transfer. Assay Diluent A or 1x Assay Diluent B serves as the zero standard (0 pg/mL). 200 µL 200 µL 200 µL 200 µL 200 µL 180 µL standard + 420 µL 200myl 15,000 5000 1666.7 555.6 185.2 61.7 20.6 0 pg/mL pg/mL pg/mL pg/mL pg/mL pg/mL pg/mL pg/mL
    5. If the Wash Concentrate (20x) (Item B) contains visible crystals, warm to room temperature and mix gently until dissolved. Dilute 20 ml of Wash Buffer Concentrate into deionized or distilled water to yield 400 ml of 1x Wash Buffer.
    6. Briefly spin the Detection Antibody vial (Item F) before use. Add 100 µL of 1x Assay Diluent B into the vial to prepare a detection antibody concentrate. Pipette up and down to mix gently (the concentrate can be stored at 4 °C for 5 days). The detection antibody concentrate should be diluted 80-fold with 1x Assay Diluent B and used in step 4 of Part VI Assay Procedure.
    7. Briefly spin the HRP-Streptavidin concentrate vial (Item G) and pipette up and down to mix gently before use. HRP-Streptavidin concentrate should be diluted 400-fold with 1x Assay Diluent B. For example: Briefly spin the vial (Item G) and pipette up and down to mix gently . Add 30 µL of HRP-Streptavidin concentrate into a tube with 12 ml 1x Assay Diluent B to prepare a final 400 fold diluted HRP-Streptavidin solution (don't store the diluted solution for next day use). Mix well.
Assay Procedure
  1. Bring all reagents and samples to room temperature (18 - 25 °C) before use. It is recommended that all standards and samples be run at least in duplicate.
    2. Add 100 µL of each standard (see Reagent Preparation step 2) and sample into appropriate wells. Cover well and incubate for 2.5 hours at room temperature or over night at 4 °C with gentle shaking.
    3. Discard the solution and wash 4 times with 1x Wash Solution. Wash by filling each well with Wash Buffer (300 myl) using a multi-channel Pipette or autowasher. Complete removal of liquid at each step is essential to good performance. After the last wash, remove any remaining Wash Buffer by aspirating or decanting. Invert the plate and blot it against clean paper towels.
    4. Add 100 µL of 1x prepared biotinylated antibody (Reagent Preparation step 6) to each well. Incubate for 1 hour at room temperature with gentle shaking.
    5. Discard the solution. Repeat the wash as in step
    6. Add 100 µL of prepared Streptavidin solution (see Reagent Preparation step 7) to each well. Incubate for 45 minutes at room temperature with gentle shaking.
    7. Discard the solution. Repeat the wash as in step
    8. Add 100 µL of TMB One-Step Substrate Reagent (Item H) to each well. Incubate for 30 minutes at room temperature in the dark with gentle shaking.
    9. Add 50 µL of Stop Solution (Item I) to each well. Read at 450 nm immediately.
Calculation of Results

Calculate the mean absorbance for each set of duplicate standards, controls and samples, and subtract the average zero standard optical density. Plot the standard curve on log-log graph paper or using Sigma plot software, with standard concentration on the x-axis and absorbance on the y-axis. Draw the best-fit straight line through the standard points.
Typical Data: These standard curves are for demonstration only. A standard curve must be run with each assay. Assay Diluent A IFN-gamma concentration (pg/mL) O D =4 50 n m 0.01 0.1 1 10 10 100 1,000 10,000 100,000 Assay Diluent B IFN-gamma concentration (pg/mL) O D =4 50 n m 0.01 0.1 1 10 10 100 1,000 10,000 100,000
Sensitivity: The minimum detectable dose of IFN-gamma is typically less than 15 pg/mL.
Recovery: Recovery was determined by spiking various levels of human IFN-gamma into human serum, plasma and cell culture media. Mean recoveries are as follows: Sample Type Average % Recovery Range ( %) Serum 88.65 82-103 Plasma 86.82 81-102 Cell culture media 94.53 84-104
Linearity: Sample Type Serum Plasma Cell Culture Media 1:2 Average % of Expected 94 96 97 Range ( %) 80-99 82-102 83-103 1:4 Average % of Expected 95 97 95 Range ( %) 82-102 83-103 82-103
Reproducibility: Intra-Assay: CV<10 % Inter-Assay: CV<12 %

Assay Precision Intra-Assay: CV< 10 % Inter-Assay: CV< 12 %
Restrictions For Research Use only
Handling Advice Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage -20 °C
Storage Comment The entire kit may be stored at -20°C for up to 1 year from the date of shipment. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles. The kit may be stored at 4°C for up to 6 months. For extended storage, it is recommended to store at -80°C.
Expiry Date 6 months
Supplier Images
ELISA image for Interferon gamma (IFNG) ELISA Kit (ABIN624995) Interferon gamma (IFNG) ELISA Kit
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