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relatively low serum concentrations of albumin may be an independent risk factor for Mild cognitive impairment in elderly.
Albumin-globulin ratio in combination with CEA provides a more accurate indicator of poor prognosis and early recurrence in rectal carcinoma patients treated with preoperative chemoradiotherapy.
Patients with steroid-refractory GI Acute graft versus host disease had higher fecal calprotectin levels and lower albumin levels than patients with steroid-responsive disease.
Lower serum albumin concentrations in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension are associated with higher mortality and can serve as a marker of disease severity in this patient population.
This meta-analysis suggests that C-reactive protein/albumin ratio (CAR)may be a potential prognostic marker in solid cancers
Thiol/Disuldife homeostasis balance and ischemia-modified albumin levels may be used a biomarker to monitor the tissue ischemia in diabetic mellitus and to discriminate the different stages of diabetic retinopathy.
mitochondrial dysfunction activates the PINK1/Parkin signaling and mitophagy in renal tubular epithelial cells under albumin overload condition.
Serum ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) in addition to the prevalence of small for gestational age (SGA) were significantly increased in the pre-eclampsia group. Cord blood IMA, therefore, might be a predictive biomarker for SGA in pre-eclampsia pregnancies.
By using the fluorescence activatable nanosensor as the structural indicator, the stepwise conformational transitions of HSA during denaturing and the partial refolding of subdomain IIA of HSA were facilely visualized.
Serum albumin adduct features were both positively and negatively associated with smoking, indicating that some adducts arise from reactions between Cys34 and constituents of cigarette smoke (e.g., ethylene oxide and acrylonitrile) while others (Cys34 oxidation products and disulfides) appear to reflect alterations in the serum redox state that resulted in reduced adduct levels in smokers.
the increased lipophilicity of sulphur-containing compounds might be a reason for their better binding to HSA.
hese obtained results provide an in-depth understanding of the interaction of the acid azo dye AO10 with serum albumins.
A higher preoperative serum ALB level is associated with better long-term survival in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma patients.
the presence of hydroxyl groups is capable of modulating the interaction between riparins and HSA.
Spectroscopic and molecular docking studies on the interaction of human serum albumin with copper(II) complexes.
aberrant HSA may play a role in the initiation/progression of type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Results show that albumin from chronic hemodialyzed (CH) patients is highly modified in vivo and is not vulnerable to oxidation in the same way as normal albumin.
These results indicate that low serum albumin levels correlate with increased parameter measures of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) aggressiveness, in addition to their role as a monitor of systemic inflammation. Decreased serum albumin might have a role in HCC aggressiveness.
The hypothesis put forward that human serum albumin is a modulator and transporter of cannabinoid drugs.
CRP/albumin ratio is a novel but promising, easy-to-measure, repeatable, non-invasive inflammation-based prognostic score in acute pancreatitis.
The interaction of DRV with bovine serum albumin (BSA), a major carrier protein, has been studied under simulated physiological conditions (pH7.4) by multi-spectroscopic techniques in combination with molecular modeling.
that thiamine hydrochloride (TA) is located in site I of bovine serum albumin (BSA).
The molecular dynamics results show how the negatively charged BSA at pH7 adsorbs to the negatively charged silica surface, and reveal a unique orientation with preserved secondary and tertiary structure. The experiments then show that the protein forms complete monolayers at approximately pH6, just above the protein's isoelectric point (pH5.1).
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulation results demonstrate that the "hard protein" lysozyme retains much of its secondary structure during adsorption, whereas BSA loses it almost completely. BSA has a considerably larger adsorption energy compared to that of lysozyme, which does not scale with chain length. Desorption simulations are carried out using classical steered MD.
identified a total of 125 carbonylated residues in bovine serum albumin after extensive in vitro metal ion-catalysed oxidation
Degradation of BSA by serine proteases was monitored with Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and ultraviolet circular dichroism (UV-CD). alpha-Helical structure of BSA was converted into unordered structure upon digestion.
Data show that the maximum adsorption occurred at the isoelectric point (pH 4.7) of bovine serum albumin (BSA).
The ITC results indicated that the interaction between the protein (BSA and BHb) and QDs-612 was spontaneous and the predominant force was hydrophobic interaction
Data (including data from biophysical studies using Langmuir lipid monolayer technique) suggest that human/bovine ALB exhibits minimal electrostatic repulsion and inserts effectively into phospholipid monolayers. [REVIEW]
data indicate that conjugation of carboxyl groups with monosaccharide generates functional BSA with membrane-perturbing activities on the lipid-water interface.
Data suggest that native BSA samples can be dehydrated to approximately 450 waters per protein molecule via microglassification and then reverted to native-like conformation upon rehydration with only minor irreversible aggregation.
molecular modeling approaches were employed to determine the interaction between lysionotin and bovine serum albumin (BSA) at physiological pH
Bovine Serum Albumine aqueous solutions in the presence of NaCl are investigated for different protein concentrations and low to intermediate ionic strengths. Protein interactions are modeled via a charge-screened colloidal model.
A crystallographic structural study allows identification of serum albumin fragments responsible for immunogenicity and the postulation of a mechanism for antigen-antibody recognition in cattle.
Glass transition and dynamics in BSA-water mixtures over wide ranges of composition studied by thermal and dielectric techniques.
The dynamics of bovine serum albumin (BSA) and human fibrinogen (Fg) at low concentrations were observed at the solid-aqueous interface as a function of temperature.
serum albumin possesses chaperone-like properties and that this activity is maintained under a number of physiologically relevant conditions.
Interaction between 2',4-dihydroxychalcone and the N, f, e conformers of albumin was exothermic and spontaneous.
The results showed that the riboflavin could efficiently bind to BSA in aqueous solution.
findings suggest that HMGB1 induces the transcytosis of albumin via RAGE-dependent Src phosphorylation and Cav-1 phosphorylation. These studies revealed a new mechanism of HMGB1-induced endothelial hyperpermeability.
Urinary L-FABP, NGAL, Kim-1 and albumin levels increased during the acute phase of kidney injury and were significantly correlated with the degree of tubulointerstitial fibrosis during the chronic phase. These markers could detect higher risk of progression to CKD.
Extending serum half-life of albumin by engineering neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) binding.
We provide evidence of a transcytosis within the kidney tubular system that protects albumin and IgG from lysosomal degradation, allowing these proteins to be recycled intact.
albumin may play a distinct role in adipocyte differentiation by promoting lipid accumulation.
No binding of albumin was observed at physiological pH to neonatal Fc receptor. At acidic pH, a 100-fold difference in binding affinity was observed.
Cellular oxidant stress and advanced glycation endproducts of albumin: caveats of the dichlorofluorescein assay
albumin enhancer/promoter was succesfully used for trasient transfection of fluorescent gene reporters (for cell sorting) in ES spontaneously differentiated into hepatocytes.
the structural homology between HSA and ESA is big, their crystal complexes with Myr-2S-cPA demonstrate significantly different mode of binding of this LPL analogue. HSA binds three molecules of Myr-2S-cPA, whereas ESA only one. Moreover, none of the identified Myr-2S-cPA binding sites overlap in both albumins
A crystallographic structural study allows identification of serum albumin fragments responsible for immunogenicity and the postulation of a mechanism for equine antigen-antibody recognition.
A crystallographic structural study allows identification of serum albumin fragments responsible for immunogenicity and the postulation of a mechanism for rabbit antigen-antibody recognition.
findings contribute to the further understanding of the fundamental mechanisms of albumin gene regulation and the use of tissue-specific gene promoters to regulate tissue-specific expression of exogenous genes in the duck
Data indicate that the expression levels of chick fibroblast DF-1 interferon beta (IFN-beta) and myxovirus resistance-1 (Mx1) mRNA were down-regulated by over-expression of duck albumin (ALB) gene.
Albumin is a soluble, monomeric protein which comprises about one-half of the blood serum protein. Albumin functions primarily as a carrier protein for steroids, fatty acids, and thyroid hormones and plays a role in stabilizing extracellular fluid volume. Albumin is a globular unglycosylated serum protein of molecular weight 65,000. Albumin is synthesized in the liver as preproalbumin which has an N-terminal peptide that is removed before the nascent protein is released from the rough endoplasmic reticulum. The product, proalbumin, is in turn cleaved in the Golgi vesicles to produce the secreted albumin.
albumin (32 AA)
, albumin (AA 34)
, cell growth inhibiting protein 42
, growth-inhibiting protein 20
, serum albumin
, preproalbumin (serum albumin)
, albumin 1
, pre-pro serum albumin
, Fas binding protein 1
, fas-binding factor 1
, protein albatross
, Serum albumin
, 74 kDa serum albumin
, serum albumin B