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Aggregate genetic variation in circadian rhythm and melatonin pathways were significantly associated with the risk of prostate cancer in data combining GAME-ON and PLCO, after Bonferroni correction (ppathway < 0.00625). The two most significant genes were NPAS2 (show NPAS2 Proteins) (pgene = 0.0062) and AANAT (pgene = 0.00078); the latter being significant after Bonferroni correction.
Data show that arylalkymine N-acetyltransferase (AANAT) levels and melatonin synthesis change after transient receptor potential channel 4 (show TRPC4 Proteins) (TRPV4 (show TRPV4 Proteins) channel) stimulation in ciliary body epithelial cells.
There is dysregulation of the AANAT/ASMT (show ASMT Proteins)/melatonin --> melatonin receptor axis in cholangiocarcinoma, which inhibited melatonin secretion and subsequently enhanced CCA (show FBN2 Proteins) growth.
The expression of AANAT in epithelial cells of striated (show NSDHL Proteins) ducts in human submandibular glands.
The functional expression of human SNA (show SNAI1 Proteins) protein was closely associated with the elevated synthesis of N-acetylserotonin and melatonin in transgenic rice plants.
Identified 17 sequence changes in AANAT gene of patients with major depression. Show evidence of the association of genetic variability in the AANAT gene with susceptibility to major depression.
There is a significant increase in AANAT allele positivity at the single nucleotide polymorphism (alanine 129--> threonine) at between patients with DSPS & controls. AA-NAT could be a susceptibility gene for DSPS.
Data suggest that the -263G/C single nucleotide polymorphism of arylalkylamine-N-acetyl-transferase (AA-NAT) may be an important determinant of the late/short sleep pattern.
Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the AANAT gene identified thus far cannot explain the observed interindividual differences for nocturnal melatonin profiles in the subjects investigated.
AANAT polymorphisms were not associated with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
Inducing nighttime expression of Aanat facilitates nocturnal melatonin synthesis
AANAT expression and synthesis of N-acetylserotonin/melatonin could play a role in addictive properties of cocaine
analysis of regulation of AANAT gene expression in rats and Syrian hamsters [review]
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the acetyltransferase superfamily. It is the penultimate enzyme in melatonin synthesis and controls the night/day rhythm in melatonin production in the vertebrate pineal gland. Melatonin is essential for the function of the circadian clock that influences activity and sleep. This enzyme is regulated by cAMP-dependent phosphorylation that promotes its interaction with 14-3-3 proteins and thus protects the enzyme against proteasomal degradation. This gene may contribute to numerous genetic diseases such as delayed sleep phase syndrome. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.
, serotonin N-acetyltransferase
, serotonin acetylase
, Arylalkylamine N - acetyltransferase (Serotonin N - acetyltransferase)
, Seretonin N-acetyltransferase
, arylakylamine N-acetyltransferase
, pineal serotonin N-acetyltransferase
, pineal arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase
, aralkylamine N-acetyltransferase