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These data establish c.245C>T (p.Pro82Leu) and c.317T>G (p.Val106Gly) in ATP5F1D as pathogenic variants leading to a Mendelian mitochondrial disease featuring episodic metabolic decompensation.
Immunohistochemical and immunofluorescent double staining of ATP5D and synaptophysin showed that the reduction of ATP5D was most pronounced at synapses in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Both gamma and delta subunits silenced cells displayed decreased ATP synthase function - lowered rate of ADP-stimulated respiration, a two-fold increased sensitivity of respiration to inhibitor oligomycin, and impaired utilization of mitochondrial membrane potential for ADP phosphorylation.
The interaction between Mpl and Atp5d was confirmed by the yeast two-hybrid system, mammalian two-hybrid assay, pull-down experiment, and co-immunoprecipitation study in vivo and in vitro.
This gene encodes a subunit of mitochondrial ATP synthase. Mitochondrial ATP synthase catalyzes ATP synthesis, utilizing an electrochemical gradient of protons across the inner membrane during oxidative phosphorylation. ATP synthase is composed of two linked multi-subunit complexes: the soluble catalytic core, F1, and the membrane-spanning component, Fo, comprising the proton channel. The catalytic portion of mitochondrial ATP synthase consists of 5 different subunits (alpha, beta, gamma, delta, and epsilon) assembled with a stoichiometry of 3 alpha, 3 beta, and a single representative of the other 3. The proton channel consists of three main subunits (a, b, c). This gene encodes the delta subunit of the catalytic core. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same isoform have been identified.
ATP synthase subunit delta, mitochondrial
, ATP synthase, H+ transporting, mitochondrial F1 complex, delta subunit
, OXPHOS complex V delta chain
, F-ATPase delta subunit
, mitochondrial ATP synthase complex delta-subunit precusor
, mitochondrial ATP synthase, delta subunit