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anti-Human TLR4 Antibodies:
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Human Monoclonal TLR4 Primary Antibody for ChIP, CyTOF - ABIN252522
Kessel, Toubi, Pavlotzky, Mogilner, Coran, Lurie, Karry, Sukhotnik et al.: Treatment with glutamine is associated with down-regulation of Toll-like receptor-4 and myeloid differentiation factor 88 expression and decrease in intestinal mucosal injury caused by ... in Clinical and experimental immunology 2008
Show all 84 Pubmed References
Dog (Canine) Monoclonal TLR4 Primary Antibody for BP, CyTOF - ABIN4360113
Rallabhandi, Bell, Boukhvalova, Medvedev, Lorenz, Arditi, Hemming, Blanco, Segal, Vogel: Analysis of TLR4 polymorphic variants: new insights into TLR4/MD-2/CD14 stoichiometry, structure, and signaling. in Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 2006
Show all 47 Pubmed References
Human Polyclonal TLR4 Primary Antibody for IHC (p), WB - ABIN4886746
Li, Qian, Ju, Wang: Upregulation of Toll-like receptor 2 expression in colorectal cancer infected by human cytomegalovirus. in Oncology letters 2014
Show all 29 Pubmed References
Dog (Canine) Monoclonal TLR4 Primary Antibody for FACS - ABIN252065
Konno, Wakabayashi, Akashi-Takamura, Ishii, Kobayashi, Takahashi, Kusumoto, Saitoh, Yoshizawa, Miyake: A molecule that is associated with Toll-like receptor 4 and regulates its cell surface expression. in Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2005
Show all 26 Pubmed References
Human Monoclonal TLR4 Primary Antibody for BP, CyTOF - ABIN4360167
Degraaf, Zasłona, Bourdonnay, Peters-Golden: Prostaglandin E2 reduces Toll-like receptor 4 expression in alveolar macrophages by inhibition of translation. in American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology 2014
Show all 24 Pubmed References
Dog (Canine) Monoclonal TLR4 Primary Antibody for FACS - ABIN4360117
Mempel, Voelcker, Köllisch, Plank, Rad, Gerhard, Schnopp, Fraunberger, Walli, Ring, Abeck, Ollert et al.: Toll-like receptor expression in human keratinocytes: nuclear factor kappaB controlled gene activation by Staphylococcus aureus is toll-like receptor 2 but not toll-like receptor 4 or platelet ... in The Journal of investigative dermatology 2003
Show all 23 Pubmed References
Dog (Canine) Monoclonal TLR4 Primary Antibody for BP, CyTOF - ABIN4360119
Basak, Pathak, Bhattacharyya, Mandal, Pathak, Kundu et al.: NF-kappaB- and C/EBPbeta-driven interleukin-1beta gene expression and PAK1-mediated caspase-1 activation play essential roles in interleukin-1beta release from Helicobacter pylori ... in The Journal of biological chemistry 2005
Show all 23 Pubmed References
Dog (Canine) Monoclonal TLR4 Primary Antibody for FACS, ICC - ABIN4360164
Cognasse, Hamzeh, Chavarin, Acquart, Genin, Garraud: Evidence of Toll-like receptor molecules on human platelets. in Immunology and cell biology 2005
Show all 21 Pubmed References
Dog (Canine) Monoclonal TLR4 Primary Antibody for BP, ELISA - ABIN4360158
Scheel, Papavlassopoulos, Blunck, Gebert, Hartung, Zähringer, Seydel, Schromm: Cell activation by ligands of the toll-like receptor and interleukin-1 receptor family depends on the function of the large-conductance potassium channel MaxiK in human macrophages. in Infection and immunity 2006
Show all 18 Pubmed References
Human Monoclonal TLR4 Primary Antibody for FACS - ABIN4360193
Zanoni, Navone, Lunardi, Tridente, Bason, Sivori, Beri, Dolcino, Valletta, Corrocher, Puccetti: In celiac disease, a subset of autoantibodies against transglutaminase binds toll-like receptor 4 and induces activation of monocytes. in PLoS medicine 2006
Show all 16 Pubmed References
TLR4 polymorphisms rs5030717 and rs5030718 may be useful in predicting those type 2 diabetics who are at risk of hypertension, nephropathy and/or dyslipidaemia.
Down-regulation of XIST ameliorates podocyte apoptosis via the miR-217-TLR4 pathway, which may improve membranous nephropathy.
TLR4 and MMP2 polymorphisms and their complex interactions with cardiovascular risk factors contributed to aortic aneurysmal diseases.
beta2GPI/abeta2GPI can inhibit the phagocytosis of oxLDL and CD36 expression in macrophages, which is linked to the function of TLR4.
Inhibition of TLR4 can decrease the proliferation and invasion ability of lymphoma cells through the NF-kappaB pathway and the down-regulation of Bcl-2 and MMP-9 expression.
Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide activity is mediated exclusively through TLR4 and only weakly induces proinflammatory cytokine secretion in mouse models.
According to logistic regression analysis, dementia risk increases 1.16 times due to an increase in the SIRT1 level and 24.23 times due to a decrease in the TLR4 level.
our results indicate that TLR4-dependent upregulation of glycolysis in human MoDCs involves a p38-MAPK-dependent HIF-1alpha accumulation, leading to an increased HK activity supported by enhanced HK2 expression.
the expression levels of Toll-like receptors 2 (TLR2) and 4 (TLR4) in monocytes and neutrophils from patients with Keratoconus, are reported.
High TLR4 expression is associated with myocardial dysfunction.
TLR4 expression was higher in osteoarthritis cartilage from patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) than that from non-T2DM patients.
The rs11536879 and rs11536889 polymorphisms of TLR4 gene and serum TLR4 protein levels may contribute to the occurrence and development of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the rs11536879 and rs11536889 polymorphisms have no significant effects on the expression of serum TLR4 protein in Chinese ethnic Zhuang population patients with CAD.
this study provides evidence that S100A8/PhosphoS100A9 is inducing cytokine secretion through toll-like receptor 4 signaling
this study provides a complete structural model of membrane-bound TLR4 that strengthens our current understanding of the complex mechanism of receptor activation and adaptor recruitment in the innate immune signaling pathway.
Taken together, oxidative stress upregulates expression of TLR2/4, IRF3/5 and signature proinflammatory cytokines in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, involving MAPK/NF-kappaB dependent signaling, all of which may have implications for metabolic inflammation.
In kidney transplant recipients the occurrence of delayed graft function results in a long-term reduction of the averaged TLR4 expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells
Sal treatment significantly decreases the release of inflammatory cytokines and inhibits the TLR4/NF-kappaB and MAPK signaling pathways. Collectively, these results suggest that the administration of Sal could be a novel therapeutic strategy in treating renal fibrosis.
This article discusses the state of the science of the molecular mechanisms involved in TLR4-mediated inflammation during necrotizing enterocolitis. [Review Article]
Thw TNF mRNA levels are significantly elevated in the frontal cortex of Alzheimer's Disease subjects, but not in the cerebellum.
Results provide evidence that TLR4 transcription is regulated by KDM4D in hepatic stellate cells.
Intracellular osteopontin can regulate GSK3beta and 4EBP1 phosphorylation to inhibit TLR4-mediated inflammatory responses.
The loss of TLR4/TLR2 abolished social defeat stress-induced social avoidance and anxiety.
overexpressed miR-495 directly promotes proliferation while simultaneously inhibiting apoptosis of femoral vein (FV) tissues endothelial cells, alleviating FV thrombosis by inhibiting IL1R1 via suppression of TLR4 signaling pathway.
serum TLR2 levels were inversely associated with systemic inflammation in patients with colorectal cancer
Combined treatment of PA and LPS in RAW264.7 cells mimics the situation of diabetes with obesity that has higher level of PA and LPS, MAPK/TLR4/ MCP-1 might be potential therapeutic targets for diabetes with obesity.
data demonstrate that TLR4 conditions induction of oral tolerance to DNFB through licensing tolerogenic gut DCs. Oral biotherapy with TLR4 ligands might be useful to potentiate oral tolerance to haptens
loss of TLR2 and TLR4 increased the replication of beta cells, but not that of alpha cells, leading to enlarged beta cell area and hyperinsulinemia in diet-induced obesity. Loss of TLR2 and TLR4 increased the nuclear abundance of the cell cycle regulators cyclin D2 and Cdk4 in a manner dependent on the signaling mediator Erk.
long with increased TLR4 expression, enhanced NF-kappaB activation, inflammatory activity and aggravated dyslipidemia were observed in the intermittent hypoxia treated group.
de-toxification of lipopolysaccharide by circulating alkaline phosphatase (AP) isozymes was incapacitated during sepsis caused by Salmonella or E. coli through activation of host Toll-like receptor 4, which triggered Neu1 and Neu3 neuraminidase induction.
Toll like receptor-4 (TLR4) and tumor necrosis factor receptor type II (TNFR2)-dependent mechanisms, but not IL-10-dependent pathways, modulate the anti-inflammatory response of CD4+ Tregs following trauma.
these results demonstrated that an increased TLR4 expression in CD38(-/-) mice could contribute to the aggravation of acute kidney injury through boosting of the production of IFN-gamma
NF-kappa B inhibition abrogates TLR4-promoted catabolic and inflammatory responses in high glucose-treated chondrocytes.
Together, these results determined that TLR4 affected the hapten-induced skin inflammation in the absence of exogenous pathogen infection, suggesting that TLR4 not only regulates infection but also may serve as a modulator of the immune response during AD development.
Rab21 regulates LPS-induced pro-inflammatory responses by promoting TLR4 endosomal traffic and downstream signaling activation
Our findings suggest that HFD-induced increase of Gb3Cer/Gb4Cer positively modulate TLR4-mediated inflammatory response, and that such GSLs play an important pathophysiological role in diabetic nephropathy.
an imbalance of TLR4/TREM2 may be a potential link between AD and systemic inflammation
These results suggest that urban atmospheric particulate matter less than 2.5mum in diameter (PM2.5) may exacerbate allergic inflammation in the murine lung via a TLR2/TLR4/MyD88-signaling pathway. PM2.5-bound trace microbial elements, such as lipopolysaccharide may be a strong candidate for exacerbation of murine lung eosinophilia.
Endotoxemia-augmented mechanical ventilation-induced diaphragmatic injury occurs through the activation of the TLR4/NF-kappaB signaling pathway.
TLR4 deletion protects against alcohol-induced fatty liver disease.
SNPs rs8193046 and rs8193060 are likely a potential marker against Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis and a selection programme eliminating AG genotype for rs8193046 and CT genotype for rs8193060 might be beneficial in conferring resistance to Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis in Indian cattle population
This research reveals the effectiveness of LTF/EcoRI and TLR4/AluI loci as candidates for reproductive performance assessment in Holstein cattle.
Two single nucleotide polymorphisms had significant effects on the milk production for Chinese Holstein, and these SNP could be used for molecular marker-assisted selection of milk production.
PGE2 downregulates LPS-induced inflammatory responses via the TLR4-NF-kappaB signaling pathway in bovine endometrial epithelial cells.
Based on the impact of both candidate genes,TLR4 and CACNA2D1, on udder health, linear or generalized linear mixed models was applied for testing the associations of SNPs located in the genes and clinical mastitis
a single nucleotide polymorphism of the bovine toll like receptor 4 gene (TLR4) in New Zealand (NZ) Holstein-Friesian x Jersey (HF x J) cross dairy cows was associated with milk production traits
STA3 facilitates TLR4-dependent IL-6 and IL-8 production via IL-6 receptor-positive feedback in endometrial cells.
Studied genetic diversity of the Toll-like receptor gene TLR4 in Czech Red and Czech Red Pied cattle. Found 8 SNPs, which were grouped into 18 haplotypes.
TLR4 polymorphisms are associated with lower reproductive Performance.
As a pilot study, the present results revealed that identified SNPs in IL8 and TLR4 genes can be used as a genetic marker and predisposing factor for resistance/susceptibility to digital dermatitis in dairy cows. However, TLR4 gene may be a potential candidate for such disease.
Transcription levels of TLR2, TLR4, and CD14 in Holstein cows with retained placenta significantly decreased between the first and the seventh day postpartum.
Bovine viral diarrhea virus type 2 infection modulates TLR4 responsiveness in differentiated myeloid cells.
TLR2 and TLR4 mediate innate response against Cryptosporidium parvum in bovine intestinal epithelial cells.
TLR4 polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis infection in Holsteins
positive correlation between lower neutrophil apoptosis and higher expression of TLR2 and TLR4 with the formation of NETs and change in surface architecture.
Studied SNPs in the bovine toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and monocyte chemo attractant protein-1(CCL2) genes.
Studied bovine TLR4 gene in mastitis resistance by association as well as expression profiling analysis in crossbred cattle.
Findings indicate that intervertebral disc (IVD) cells constitutively express TLR4.
Data suggest that granulosa cells from dominant follicles express functional TLR2 and TLR4; granulosa cells appear to participate in innate immunity by responding to bacterial lipopolysaccharides/lipopeptides via TLR2 and TLR4 signaling pathways.
The expressions of host TLR2 and 4 genes were significantly higher in acidosis-resistant steers compared to those in acidosis-susceptible steers.
TLR2, 3, 4, and 8 mRNA expression is strongly upregulated and correlates with the progression of atherosclerosis in the aorta. Fluvastatin significantly inhibited this progress and reduced inflammation via TLR downregulation.
The expression of TLR4 protein and mRNA, the level of activated NF-kappaB (p65) were respectively detected.
Lipopolysaccharide upregulates the expression of rabbit TLR2 and 4 in the uterine body and horn, and the expression of TLR4 in the ovary.
Polydatin might have a protective effect on lung ischemia/reperfusion injury by down-regulating TLR4 and NF-kappaB expression, then inhibiting the release of mediators of inflammation as ICAM-1.
SNPs associated with incidence of digestive disorders
TLR4 expression is upregulated in the brain after experimental subarachnoid haemorrhage
The elevated expression of TLR4 was detected after SAH and peaked on day 3 and 5. TLR4 is increasingly expressed in a parallel time course to the development of cerebral vasospasm in a rabbit experimental model of SAH.
Data suggest that expression of TLR4 in intestinal mucosa can be regulated by dietary factors; here, flaxseed oil down-regulates expression of TLR4 in piglet model of necrotizing enterocolitis.
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae induces alveolar Macrophages to produce proinflammatory cytokines via upregulation of TLR4 and NF-kappaB.
The TWEAK-independent Fn14 activation augments TLR4-mediated inflammatory responses in the intestine of piglets.
These results further confirm the involvement of the TLR4 signaling pathway in resistance to E. coli F18 in Meishan weaned piglets.
Data suggest expression of TLR4 and NFKB (nuclear factor kappa B) are regulated by dietary factors affecting innate immunity; here, Lactobacillus acidophilus in feed down-regulates expression of TLR4 and NFKB in mononuclear cells after LPS challenge.
At 30 days after autotransplantation of a pig kidney, mRNA expression increases for TLR4.
Data suggest TLR2, TLR4, and calcium signaling in enterocytes play principal roles in mucosal immunity against enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli; probiotic Lactobacillus delbrueckii and its extracellular polysaccharides appear to stimulate TLR2/TLR4.
TLR2 is required for the suppression of TLR4 signaling activation.
The current study screened for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the TLR4 gene and tested their association with Salmonella fecal shedding.
The role of TLR2, TLR4 and RP105/MD1 in the immunoregulatory effect of acidic exopolysaccharides from Lactobacillus plantarum N14, is reported.
Data suggest expression of TLR4 in liver can be regulated by dietary factors; here, supplementation with aspartate down-regulates expression of TLR4 in liver in a model of liver disease.
Fish Oil attenuates the activation of the HPA axis induced by LPS challenge. So it may be associated with decreasing the production of brain or peripheral proinflammatory cytokines through inhibition of TLR4 and NOD signaling pathways in weaned pigs.
Single nucleotide polymorphisms in TLR4 is associated with immune response to gram-negative bacterial infections.
The complete coding sequence of TLR4 gene in Min pig and 3 variants with single point mutations were obtained.
The relationship between TLR4 single nucleotide polymorphisms and the transcription levels of cytokines indicate that they are related to the modulation of the cytokine mediated immune response in pigs.
An alteration from cysteine to tryptophan at position 506 (C506W) caused loss of ability to induce nuclear factor-kappaB activation after lipid A stimulation.
These findings showed that TLR4 takes part in airway mucosal defense systems as a unique exogenous potentiator of electrolyte-water secretion from acinar cells, and that NO/cGMP/cGKsignaling is involved in this rapid TLR4 signaling pathway.
Three new alleles were isolated for exon 1 of the TLR4 gene.
similarity in TLR4 staining in macrophages, epithelium and vascular endothelium among dog, pig and cattle
A high level of conservation of TLR4 gene size and sequence, especially for the two last exons and particularly in the sequence corresponding to the LRRs and TIR domain, is observed between species
expression of TLR 2, 4 and 6 as transcript and protein in the placenta (chorioallantois) of 14 foals born alive
This study provides the basis for comparative investigations into the impact of different stimuli on the cellular expression of TLRs 2, 4 and 6 in order to find out if TLRs are involved in the pathogenesis of endometrial diseases and may help to understand as to why some mares develop persistent endometritis.
The research findings suggest that Th17 cells are involved in active equine inflammatory bowel disease, and that TLR4 expression was increased in affected horses.
A low steady expression of TLR4, MD-2 and CD14 mRNA was demonstrated for the intestinal samples with no variation between the intestinal segments analysed.
In the present study, the authors show that TLR4 expression is significantly decreased following the exogenous expression of BPV-1 E2 and E7 in primary equine fibroblasts.
evidence that pulmonary intravascular macrophages are equipped with TLR4 to handle and rapidly respond to circulating endotoxins
TLR4/MD-2 complex is responsible for recognition of Rhodococcus spheroides lipopolysaccharide as an agonist in equine cells.
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family which plays a fundamental role in pathogen recognition and activation of innate immunity. TLRs are highly conserved from Drosophila to humans and share structural and functional similarities. They recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns that are expressed on infectious agents, and mediate the production of cytokines necessary for the development of effective immunity. The various TLRs exhibit different patterns of expression. This receptor has been implicated in signal transduction events induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) found in most gram-negative bacteria. Mutations in this gene have been associated with differences in LPS responsiveness. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.
, homolog of Drosophila toll
, lipopolysaccharide response
, Toll-like receptor4 protein
, Toll-like receptor 4-like protein