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Data suggest that physical exercise attenuates age-related changes in mitochondrial COX biogenesis and p53 activity targeting SCO2 and mitochondria, and thereby induces antisenescent and protective effects in cardiac muscle.
Results describe the tissue distribution of SCO1 and SCO2 in mouse and human tissues.
To understand the biological role of SCO2, mice harboring both a Sco2 knock-out (KO) allele and a Sco2 knock-in (KI) E129K allele, corresponding to the common E140K mutation in humans, were studied.
findings show that p53 modulates the balance between the utilization of respiratory and glycolytic pathways; identifed Synthesis of Cytochrome c Oxidase 2 (SCO2) as the downstream mediator of this effect
We identified one novel possibility of an extreme myopia-causing mutation in SCO2. No other disease-causing mutation was found in 101 extremely myopic Japanese patients, suggesting that SCO2 plays a limited role in Japanese extreme myopia.
In gastric cancer, the expression of SCO2 and COX (show COX8A Proteins) were not shown to be associated with the regulatory role of p53 (show TP53 Proteins), unlike TIGAR (show C12orf5 Proteins) expression. Nevertheless, a significantly high recurrence rate was found in a patient group with high COX (show COX8A Proteins) expression
oxidative stress-induced (show SQSTM1 Proteins) glycolysis-to-OXPHOS switch is mediated by synthesis of cytochrome c oxidase 2 (SCO2). These findings demonstrate p53 (show TP53 Proteins)-mediated OXPHOS function as a compensatory alteration in Fanconi anemia (show PALB2 Proteins) (FA)hematopoietic stem cells to ensure a functional but mildly impaired energy metabolism and suggest a cautious approach to manipulating p53 (show TP53 Proteins) signaling in FA.
Geranylgeranoic acid increased the SCO2 gene expression, which might enhance aerobic respiration.
oncoprotein HBXIP (show HBXIP Proteins) enhances glucose metabolism reprogramming through suppressing SCO2 and PDHA1 (show PDHA1 Proteins) in breast cancer
Cooperation between COA6 and SCO2 in COX2 maturation during cytochrome c (show CYCS Proteins) oxidase assembly links two mitochondrial cardiomyopathies.
Sco1 is a metallochaperone that selectively transfers Cu(I) ions based on loop recognition, whereas Sco2 is a copper-dependent thiol reductase of the cysteine ligands in the oxidase.
Letter/Case Report: SCO2 mutations resulting in Leigh disease revealed at autopsy.
mutation in LRPAP1 is associated with high myopia. Further studies are expected to evaluate the pathogenicity of the variants in CTSH, LEPREL1, ZNF644, SLC39A5, and SCO2.
COX20 cooperates with SCO1 (show SCO1 Proteins) and SCO2 to mature COX2 and promote the assembly of cytochrome c (show CYCS Proteins) oxidase.
Cytochrome c oxidase (COX) catalyzes the transfer of electrons from cytochrome c to molecular oxygen, which helps to maintain the proton gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane that is necessary for aerobic ATP production. Human COX is a multimeric protein complex that requires several assembly factors\; this gene encodes one of the COX asembly factors. The encoded protein is a metallochaperone that is involved in the biogenesis of cytochrome c oxidase subunit II. Mutations in this gene are associated with fatal infantile encephalocardiomyopathy.
protein SCO2 homolog, mitochondrial
, SCO cytochrome oxidase deficient homolog 2
, cytochrome oxidase deficient homolog 2