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Details for Product No. ABIN612659

Alpha1-Antitripsin ELISA Kit

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Target Name (Antigen)
Reactivity
»Alternatives Human
Kits with alternative reactivity to: (2)
Methode Type Sandwich ELISA
Minimum Detection Limit 0.4 ng/mL
Application
ELISA
Pubmed 6 references available
Catalog no. ABIN612659
Quantity 96 tests
Price
379.50 $   Plus shipping costs $45.00
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Availability Will be delivered in 2 to 3 Business Days
Purpose The AssayMax Human A1AT ELISA kit is designed for detection of A1AT in human urine, milk, saliva and cell culture supernatants
Sample Type Cell Culture Supernatant
Detection Method Colorimetric
Specificity If cell culture supernatants contains 10% FBS, the minimum detectable dose of human A1AT will be 2 ng/ml.
Cross-Reactivity Monkey, Mouse (Murine), Rat (Rattus), Pig (Porcine), Dog (Canine), Cow (Bovine)
Components Human A1AT Microplate: A 96-well polystyrene microplate (12 strips of 8 wells) coated with a polyclonal antibody against human A1AT. Sealing Tapes: Each kit contains 3 pre-cut, pressure-sensitive sealing tapes that can be cut to fit the format of the individual assay. Human A1AT Standard: Human A1AT in a buffered protein base (200 ng, lyophilized). Biotinylated A1AT Antibody (100x): A 100-fold biotinylated polyclonal antibody against human A1AT (80µl). MIx Diluent Concentrate (10x): A 10-fold concentrated buffered protein base (30 ml). 1 Wash Buffer Concentrate (20x): A 20-fold concentrated buffered surfactant (30 ml). Streptavidin-Peroxidase Conjugate (SP Conjugate): A 100-fold concentrate (90µl). Chromogen Substrate: A ready-to-use stabilized peroxidase chromogen substrate tetramethylbenzidine (8 ml). Stop Solution: A 0.5 N hydrochloric acid to stop the chromogen substrate reaction (12 ml).
Material not included Microplate reader capable of measuring absorbance at 450 nm. Pipettes (1-20 µL, 20-200 µL, 200-1000µLand multiple channel). Deionized or distilled reagent grade water.
Background Alpha-1 antitrypsin (A1AT) is a protein that protects the lungs. The liver usually makes the protein, and releases it into the bloodstream. A1AT is a major protease inhibitor that control tissue degradation. A reduction of A1AT levels can cause a change in collagen metabolism. A1AT inhibit neutrophil elastase release into the lungs during inflammatory states. A1AT deficiency is an uncommon genetic disease that can lead to emphysema , hepatitis, cirrhosis , chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Sample Volume 50 µL
Assay Time 4 h
Plate Pre-coated,Strips (12 x 8)
Protocol This assay employs a quantitative sandwich enzyme immunoassay technique that measures A1AT in 4 hours. A polyclonal antibody specific for A1AT has been pre-coated onto a microplate. A1AT in standards and samples is sandwiched by the immobilized antibody and a biotinylated polyclonal antibody specific for A1AT, which is recognized by a streptavidin-peroxidase conjugate. All unbound material is then washed away and a peroxidase enzyme substrate is added. The color development is stopped and the intensity of the color is measured.
Reagent Preparation Freshly dilute all reagents and bring all reagents to room temperature before use. If crystals have formed in the concentrate, mix gently until the crystals have completely dissolved. MIx Diluent Concentrate (10x): Dilute the MIx Diluent 1:10 with reagent grade water. Store for up to 1 month at 2-8°C. Standard Curve: Reconstitute the 200 ng of A1AT Standard with 2 ml of MIx Diluent to generate a solution of 100 ng/ml. Allow the standard to sit for 10 minutes with gentle agitation prior to making dilutions. Prepare triplicate standard points by serially diluting the standard solution (100 ng/ml) 1:4 with MIx Diluent to produce 25, 6.25, 1.56 and 0.39 ng/ml solutions. MIx Diluent serves as the zero standard (0 ng/ml). Any remaining solution should be frozen at -20°C. Standard Point Dilution [A1AT] (ng/ml) P1 Standard (100 ng/ml) 100.00 P2 1 part P1 + 3 parts MIx Diluent 25.00 P3 1 part P2 + 3 parts MIx Diluent 6.25 P4 1 part P3 + 3 parts MIx Diluent 1.56 P5 1 part P4 + 3 parts MIx Diluent 0.39 P6 MIx Diluent 0.00 Biotinylated A1AT Antibody (100x): Spin down the antibody briefly and dilute the desired amount of the antibody 1:100 with MIx Diluent. Any remaining solution should be frozen at -20°C. Wash Buffer Concentrate (20x): Dilute the Wash Buffer Concentrate 1:20 with reagent grade water. SP Conjugate (100x): Spin down the SP Conjugate briefly and dilute the desired amount of the conjugate 1:100 with MIx Diluent. Any remaining solution should be frozen at -20°C.
Sample Collection Cell Culture Supernatants: Centrifuge cell culture media at 2000 x g for 10 minutes to remove debris. Collect supernatants and assay. Store the remaining samples at -20°C or below. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles. Urine: Collect urine using sample tube. Centrifuge samples at 600 x g for 10 minutes and assay. Urine dilution is suggested at 1:20 in MIx Diluent, however, the user should determine the optimal dilution factor. Store samples at -20°C or below for up to 3 months. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles. Milk: Collect milk using sample tube. Centrifuge samples at 600 x g for 10 minutes and assay. Dilute samples 1:2000 into MIx Diluent. Store samples at -20°C or below for up to 3 months. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles. Saliva: Collect saliva using sample tube. Centrifuge samples at 600 x g for 10 minutes and assay. Dilute samples 1:400 into MIx Diluent. Store samples at -20°C or below for up to 3 months. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Assay Procedure Prepare all reagents, working standards and samples as instructed. Bring all reagents to room temperature before use. The assay is performed at room temperature (20 - 30 °C). Remove excess microplate strips from the plate frame and return them immediately to the foil pouch with desiccant inside. Reseal the pouch securely to minimize exposure to water vapor and store in a vacuum desiccator. Add 50 µL of Standard or sample per well. Cover wells with a sealing tape and incubate for two hours. Start the timer after the last sample addition. Wash five times with 200 µL of Wash Buffer. Invert the plate and decant the contents, and hit it 4- 5 times on absorbent paper towel to complete remove liquid at each step. Add 50 µL of Biotinylated A1AT Antibody to each well and incubate for one hour. Wash five times with 200 µL of Wash Buffer as above. Add 50 µL of Streptavidin-Peroxidase Conjugate per well and incubate for 30 minutes. Turn on the microplate reader and set up the program in advance. Wash five times with 200 µL of Wash Buffer as above. Add 50 µL of Chromogen Substrate per well and incubate for about 10 minutes or till the optimal blue color density develops. Gently tap the plate to ensure thorough mixing and break the bubbles in the well with pipette tip. Add 50 µL of Stop Solution to each well. The color will change from blue to yellow. Read the absorbance on a microplate reader at a wavelength of 450 nm immediately. Please note that some unstable black particles may be generated at high concentration points after stopping the reaction for about 10 minutes, which will reduce the readings.
Calculation of Results Calculate the mean value of the triplicate readings for each standard and sample. To generate a Standard Curve, plot the graph using the standard concentrations on the x-axis and the corresponding mean 450 nm absorbance on the y-axis and draw a best-fit curve through the points on the graph. Plotting the log-log graph may linearize the data and the best-fit line can be determined by regression analysis of the linear portion of the curve. Determine the unknown sample concentration from the Standard Curve and multiply the value by the dilution factor. Standard Curve The curve is provided for illustration only. A standard curve should be generated each time the assay is performed.
Assay Precision Intra-assay and inter-assay coefficients of variation were 4.1% and 7.1% respectively.
Restrictions For Research Use only
Handling Advice The kit should not be used beyond the expiration date.
Storage 4 °C/-20 °C
Storage Comment Store kit at 2-8°C or -20°C upon arrival up to the expiration date. Opened MIx Diluent may be stored for up to 1 month at 2-8°C. Store reconstituted reagents at -20°C or below. Opened unused strip wells may return to the foil pouch with the desiccant pack, reseal along zip- seal. May be stored for up to 1 month in a vacuum desiccator.
Product cited in: Hauck, Hauptmann, Haag et al.: "Alpha-1-antitrypsin levels and genetic variation of the alpha-1-antitrypsin gene in Peyronie's disease." in: European urology, Vol. 46, Issue 5, pp. 623-8; discussion 628, 2004 (PubMed).

Chappell, Guetta-Baranés, Batowski et al.: "Haplotypes of the alpha-1 antitrypsin gene in healthy controls and Z deficiency patients." in: Human mutation, Vol. 24, Issue 6, pp. 535-6, 2004 (PubMed).

Abboud, Ford, Chapman: "Emphysema in alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency: does replacement therapy affect outcome?" in: Treatments in respiratory medicine, Vol. 4, Issue 1, pp. 1-8, 2005 (PubMed).

Strange, Stoller, Sandhaus et al.: "Results of a survey of patients with alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency." in: Respiration; international review of thoracic diseases, Vol. 73, Issue 2, pp. 185-90, 2006 (PubMed).

Kok, Wahab, de Vries: "[Heterozygosity for alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency as a cofactor in the development of chronic liver disease]." in: Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde, Vol. 149, Issue 37, pp. 2057-61, 2005 (PubMed).

Teramoto: "1. COPD pathogenesis from the viewpoint of risk factors." in: Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan), Vol. 46, Issue 2, pp. 77-9, 2007 (PubMed).

Alternatives for antigen "Alpha1-Antitripsin", type "Kits"
Reactivities (2)
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