Many different endogenous retrovirus families are expressed in normal placental tissue at high levels, suggesting that endogenous retroviruses are functionally important in reproduction. This gene is part of a endogenous retrovirus provirus on rat chromosome 12 that has inactivating mutations in the gag and pol genes. This gene is the envelope glycoprotein gene which appears to have been selectively preserved. The gene's protein product plays a major role in placental development and trophoblast fusion. The protein has the characteristics of a typical retroviral envelope protein, including a cleavage site that separates the surface (SU) and transmembrane (TM) proteins which form a heterodimer.
Gene names and symbols associated with Herv-frd
endogenous retrovirus group FRD member 1, envelope (ERVFRD-1) antibody
endogenous retrovirus group FRD member 1, envelope (Ervfrd-1) antibody