Serotonin (also designated 5-hydroxytryptamine or 5-HT) is a molecule that functions as a neurotransmitter, a hormone and a mitogen, and it is predominantly expressed in the gut, platelets and central nervous system (CNS). In the CNS, serotonin modulates several processes, including anxiety, sleep, appetite, behavior and drug abuse. In platelets and gut, serotonin plays a major role in cardiovascular function and motility of the gastrointestinal tract, respectively. Serotonin mediates its effects through several of G protein coupled receptors, designated 5-HT receptors or alternatively SR receptors. SR-3 is a ligand-gated ion channel, whereas all other known serotonin receptor subtypes are G protein-coupled receptors. SR-4 mediates widespread effects in central and peripheral nervous systems. SR-7 belongs to the superfamily of G protein-coupled receptors. The gene which encodes SR-7 maps to human chromosome 10q21-q24.
Subcellular location: Extracellular
Synonyms: HT 7, 5 HT X, 5 hydroxytryptamine serotonin receptor 7 adenylate cyclase coupled, 5 hydroxytryptamine serotonin receptor 7, 5 hydroxytryptamine receptor 7, 5-HT-7, 5-HT-X, 5-HT7, 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 7, 5HT7, 5HT7R_HUMAN, HTR7, Serotonin 5 HT 7 receptor, Serotonin receptor 7.