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Synonyms: 40 kDa keratin intermediate filament,CK 19,CK-19,CK19,Cytokeratin 19,Cytokeratin-19,K19,K1C19,K1CS,Keratin 19,Keratin type I 40 kD,Keratin type I 40kD,Keratin type I cytoskeletal 19,Keratin,type I cytoskeletal 19,Keratin,type I,40 kd,Keratin-19,KRT19,MGC15366
Background: The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the keratin family. The keratins are intermediate filament proteins responsible for the structural integrity of epithelial cells and are subdivided into cytokeratins and hair keratins. The type I cytokeratins consist of acidic proteins which are arranged in pairs of heterotypic keratin chains. Unlike its related family members, this smallest known acidic cytokeratin is not paired with a basic cytokeratin in epithelial cells. It is specifically expressed in the periderm, the transiently superficial layer that envelopes the developing epidermis. The type I cytokeratins are clustered in a region of chromosome 17q12-q21.