This gene encodes a member of the short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase gene family. The encoded protein forms a homotetrameric lipid-requiring enzyme of the mitochondrial membrane and has a specific requirement for phosphatidylcholine for optimal enzymatic activity. The encoded protein catalyzes the interconversion of acetoacetate and (R)-3-hydroxybutyrate, the two major ketone bodies produced during fatty acid catabolism. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008].
Synonyms: 3 hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase heart, mitochondrial, BDH, BDH-1, D beta hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase, mitochondrial, 3-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase, D-beta-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase, mitochondrial, BDH_HUMAN .