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The homozygotes of rs1052536 TT were associated with an increased risk for NTDs than CC, and variants of rs1052536 T were associated with an increased risk of Neural Tube Defects. The stratified analysis showed that TT genotype of rs1052536 increased the risk of anencephaly and the T allele significantly increased the risk of cranial Neural Tube Defects.
single-stranded break repair by human DNA ligase III isoforms reveal biochemical differences from DNA ligase I
The g.29661G>A and g.29059C>T polymorphisms of LIG3 may play a role in the keratoconus and Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy pathogenesis and can be considered as markers in these diseases.
A computational approach to determine susceptibility to cancer by evaluating the deleterious effect of nsSNP in XRCC1 gene on binding interaction of XRCC1 protein with ligase III.
In the context of tyrosine kinase-activated leukemias, c-MYC contributes to aberrant DNA repair through downstream targets LIG3 and PARP1 up-regulation.
Domains constituting the LigIII catalytic core collaborate and are essential for formation of a DNA-bridging intermediate by adenylated LigIII that positions a pair of blunt-ended duplex DNAs for efficient and specific intermolecular ligation.
there is an absolute requirement for fully functional DNA ligase III (LIG3), but not ligase IV (LIG4), to facilitate the escape from a telomere-driven crisis.
LIGIII plays a role in additional EJing repair pathway only in the absence of Ku.
Results show that overexpression of DNA ligase III in mitochondria improves mitochondrial base excision repair and enhances cell survival after oxidative stress.
data confirm previous work showing that Lig3 is required to maintain mtDNA integrity and function, and highlight a new function of ATM in regulating DNA Lig3 stability and consequently mtDNA repair
Human Mre11/human Rad50/Nbs1 and DNA ligase IIIalpha/XRCC1 protein complexes act together in an alternative nonhomologous end joining pathway.
Using our cohort of 480 breast cancer patients, we provide replicated evidence that a polymorphism near the LIG3 gene is associated with acute skin toxicity following radiotherapy.
results establish a role for Lig3 in mitochondria, but distinguish it from its interacting protein Xrcc1
The collective results support a "jackknife model" in which the ZnF loads ligase III onto nicked DNA and conformational changes deliver DNA into the active site.
The interaction with Lig3alpha is promoted by serine 81 that is located within a putative S/TQ site in the N-terminus domain of TDP1.
calpain-mediated proteolysis of DNA ligase III plays an essential role in DNA damage-induced cell death in human cells
majority of single-strand DNA interruptions produced during the repair of alkylated DNA bases are repaired by the pathway mediated by Pol beta and either Lig I or Lig III
In response to DNA damage, DNA ligase IIIalpha translocate from centrosomes to chromosomes.
XRCC1 stimulates Pol beta strand displacement activity and releases inhibition of Pol beta by DNA-bound Lig III if ligation is prevented.
the interaction of DNA ligase III and DNA polymerase gamma is required for proper maintenance of the mammalian mitochondrial genome.
Telomere-internal double-strand breaks (DSBs) are also repaired by a PARP1- and Ligase3-dependent reaction, suggesting alternative non-homologous end-joining (alt-NHEJ), which relies on microhomology at DSBs.
Lig3 has an essential role in mtDNA maintenance but is dispensable for the viability of cultured cells
data reveal that the critical biological role of Lig3 is to maintain mtDNA integrity and not Xrcc1-dependent DNA repair
Early embryonic lethality is due to targeted inactivation of DNA ligase III.
This gene is a member of the DNA ligase family. Each member of this family encodes a protein that catalyzes the joining of DNA ends but they each have a distinct role in DNA metabolism. The protein encoded by this gene is involved in excision repair and is located in both the mitochondria and nucleus, with translation initiation from the upstream start codon allowing for transport to the mitochondria and translation initiation from a downstream start codon allowing for transport to the nucleus. Additionally, alternate transcriptional splice variants, encoding different isoforms, have been characterized.
DNA ligase III
, ligase III, DNA, ATP-dependent
, DNA ligase (ATP) 3
, DNA ligase 3
, ligase II, DNA, ATP-dependent
, polydeoxyribonucleotide synthase [ATP] 3
, DNA ligase 3 isoform alpha
, DNA ligase 3-like
, DNA ligase III isoform alpha
, ligase III, DNA, ATP-dependent L homeolog