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PFN2 gene, related to regulation of actin cytoskeleton in protein complex F, might play momentous roles in the initiation and development of consecutive Trauma-Induced Sepsis.
PFN2 has a novel role in promoting Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma progression and metastasis.
Data suggest 2 major isoforms of profilin (Pfn1 and Pfn2) are co-regulated by a common mechanism involving the action of MKL1 [megakaryoblastic leukemia (translocation) 1 protein] that is independent of its SRF- (serum-response factor)-related activity; cellular externalization of Pfn1, rather than transcription, is affected by the perturbations of MKL1; MKL1 can influence cell migration by modulating Pfn1 expression.
Study demonstrated that miR30a inhibits epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT (show ITK Antibodies)) and invasion in highly invasive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines via targeting PFN2 suggesting that miR30a with PFN2 may play an essential role in the development of NSCLC by modulating EMT (show ITK Antibodies) and cell invasion.
Disease causing mutations in inverted formin 2 (show INF2 Antibodies) regulate its binding to G-actin (show ACTB Antibodies), F-actin capping protein (CapZ (show CAPZB Antibodies) alpha-1 (show CAPZA1 Antibodies)) and profilin 2.
Therefore, this study indicates that profilin 2 affects the metastatic potential and stemness of colorectal CSCs by regulating EMT (show ITK Antibodies)- and stemness-related proteins.
Pfn2 suppresses the recruitment of HDAC1 (show HDAC1 Antibodies) to Smad2 (show SMAD2 Antibodies) and Smad3 (show SMAD3 Antibodies) promoters, increasing their expression, and, in turn, enhancing TGFB1 (show TGFB1 Antibodies) induced epithelial-mesenchymal transformation and VEGF (show VEGFA Antibodies) and CTGF (show CTGF Antibodies) production.
effects of profilin-1 and profilin-2, the two major isoforms of profilin, on actin cytoskeletal regulation, motility, and invasion of breast cancer cells
Oral squamous cell carcinomas with weak PFN2 expression were associated with a significantly worse prognosis than strongly expressed tumours.
These findings raise the possibility that Rgl3 mediates interaction between Ras/Rap-family proteins and profilin II, an important activator of actin polymerization.
RARalpha (show RARA Antibodies) competes with other PFN2a-binding proteins bearing PRMs and involved in actin filaments elongation. Consequently, the actin filament network is altered and MEFs adhesion is decreased. This novel role opens novel avenues for the understanding of pathologies characterized by increased levels of cytoplasmic RARalpha (show RARA Antibodies).
Pfn2 expression is controlled by the iron regulatory proteins in vivo and that Pfn2 contributes to maintaining iron homeostasis in cell lines and mice.
knockdown of profilin 1 (show PFN1 Antibodies) or profilin (show PFN1 Antibodies) 2a led to significant decrease in cell spreading of astrocytes. the knockdown of profilin (show PFN1 Antibodies) 2a resulted in a significantly reduced morphological complexity of astrocytes in both dissociated and slice culture astrocytes.
Hyper-phosphorylation of profilin2a is the molecular link between SMN (show STMN1 Antibodies) and the ROCK pathway repressing neurite outgrowth in neuronal cells.
Profilin II regulates the exocytosis of kainate glutamate (show GRIN1 Antibodies) receptors.
Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate releases Pfn2 from the Pfn2-dynamin 1 complex as well as from the Pfn2-actin complex, suggesting that Pfn2 is diverging the phosphoinositide signaling pathway to actin polymerization as well as endocytosis
Following NMDA receptor activation profilin 2 accumulates not only in dendritic spines, but also in the nucleus of hippocampal neurons via a process involving rearrangement of the actin cytoskeleton.
results highlight a novel, profilin2-dependent pathway, regulating synaptic physiology, neuronal excitability, and complex behavior
High-resolution structural analysis of mouse profilin (show PFN1 Antibodies) 2a complex formation with two physiological ligands: the formin homology 1 domain of mDia1 and the proline-rich domain of VASP (show VASP Antibodies).
Upregulation of profilin 2 by BFA was verified by immunoblot and live imaging at subcellular level.
The protein encoded by this gene is a ubiquitous actin monomer-binding protein belonging to the profilin family. It is thought to regulate actin polymerization in response to extracellular signals. There are two alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms described for this gene.
, profilin 2
, Profilin II