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Target Description: This antibody is specific for a protein of 36 kDa, identified as Thymidylate Synthase (TS). Thymidylate synthase converts deoxyuridine monophosphate (dUMP) to deoxythymidine monophosphate (dTMP), which is essential for DNA biosynthesis. Thymidylate synthase is also a critical target for the fluoropyrimidines, an important group of anti-neoplastic drugs that are widely used in the treatment of solid tumors. Both 5-FU and fluorodeoxyuridine are converted in tumor cells to FdUMP which inactivates thymidylate synthase by formation of a ternary covalent complex in the presence of the folate cofactor 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate. Expression of thymidylate synthase protein is associated with response to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in human colorectal, gastric, head and neck, and breast carcinomas.
Gene Symbol: TYMS///TS///OK///SW-cl.29