Synonyms: CD85 antigen-like family member D,CD85d,CD85d antigen,ILT 4,ILT-4,ILT4,Immunoglobulin like transcript 4,Immunoglobulin-like transcript 4,Leukocyte immunoglobulin like receptor 2,Leukocyte immunoglobulin like receptor subfamily B member 2,Leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor 2,Leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor subfamily B member 2,Leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor,subfamily B (with TM and ITIM domains),member 2,LILRA6,LILRB2,LIR 2,LIR-2,LIR2,LIRb,LIRB2,MIR 10,MIR-10,MIR10,Monocyte/macrophage immunoglobulin like receptor 10,Monocyte/macrophage immunoglobulin-like receptor 10
Background: This gene is a member of the leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor (LIR) family, which is found in a gene cluster at chromosomal region 19q13.4. The encoded protein belongs to the subfamily B class of LIR receptors which contain two or four extracellular immunoglobulin domains, a transmembrane domain, and two to four cytoplasmic immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs (ITIMs). The receptor is expressed on immune cells where it binds to MHC class I molecules on antigen-presenting cells and transduces a negative signal that inhibits stimulation of an immune response. It is thought to control inflammatory responses and cytotoxicity to help focus the immune response and limit autoreactivity. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.