This gene encodes a chromatin-associated enzyme, poly(ADP-ribosyl)transferase, which modifies various nuclear proteins by poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation. The modification is dependent on DNA and is involved in the regulation of various important cellular processes such as differentiation, proliferation, and tumor transformation and also in the regulation of the molecular events involved in the recovery of cell from DNA damage. In addition, this enzyme may be the site of mutation in Fanconi anemia, and may participate in the pathophysiology of type I diabetes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008].
Synonyms: ADP ribosyltransferase (NAD+, poly (ADP ribose) polymerase), ADP ribosyltransferase NAD+, ADPRT 1, ADPRT, ADPRT1, msPARP, NAD(+) ADP ribosyltransferase 1, pADPRT 1, pADPRT1, PARP 1, PARP1, PARP-1, Poly (ADP ribose) polymerase 1, poly (ADP ribose) polymerase family, member 1, Poly adenosine diphosphate ADP ribose polymerase, Poly ADP ribose polymerase 1, Poly ADP ribose polymerase family member 1, Poly ADP ribose synthetase 1, poly(ADP ribose) synthetase, poly(ADP ribosyl)transferase, Poly[ADP ribose] synthetase 1, PPOL, sPARP 1, sPARP1, PARP1_HUMAN.