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HMGB1 ELISA Kit (High Mobility Group Box 1) ELISA Kit

HMGB1 Reactivity: Mouse Colorimetric Sandwich ELISA 46.88 pg/mL - 3000 pg/mL Plasma, Serum
Pubmed (25)
Catalog No. ABIN6574156
Plus shipping costs $45.00
96 tests
local_shipping Shipping to: United States
Delivery in 9 to 11 Business Days
  • Target
    • 4
    • 3
    • 3
    • 3
    • 3
    • 2
    • 2
    • 2
    • 1
    • 1
    • 1
    • 1
    Detection Method
    Method Type
    Sandwich ELISA
    Detection Range
    46.88 pg/mL - 3000 pg/mL
    Minimum Detection Limit
    46.88 pg/mL
    The kit is a sandwich enzyme immunoassay for in vitro quantitative measurement of HMG1 in mouse serum, plasma.

    We offer validation data (WB) for each of the kit components. So you can be sure to order a reliable ELISA kit product composed of high quality reagents.
    Sample Type
    Plasma, Serum
    Analytical Method
    This assay has high sensitivity and excellent specificity for detection of High Mobility Group Protein 1 (HMGB1)
    Cross-Reactivity (Details)
    No significant cross-reactivity or interference between High Mobility Group Protein 1 (HMG1) and analogues was observed.
    18.29 pg/mL
    • Pre-coated, ready to use 96-well strip plate
    • Plate sealer for 96 wells
    • Standard
    • Standard Diluent
    • Detection Reagent A
    • Detection Reagent B
    • Assay Diluent A
    • Assay Diluent B
    • TMB Substrate
    • Stop Solution
    • Wash Buffer (30 x concentrate)
    • Instruction manual
    Material not included
    1. Microplate reader with 450 ± 10nm filter.
    2. Precision single or multi-channel pipettes and disposable tips.
    3. Eppendorf Tubes for diluting samples.
    4. Deionized or distilled water.
    5. Absorbent paper for blotting the microtiter plate.
    6. Container for Wash Solution
    7. 0.01Mol/L (or 1x) Phosphate Buffered Saline(PBS), pH 7.0-7.2.
  • Application Notes
    • Limited by the current condition and scientific technology, we cannot completely conduct the comprehensive identification and analysis on the raw material provided by suppliers. So there might be some qualitative and technical risks to use the kit.
    • The final experimental results will be closely related to validity of the products, operation skills of the end users and the experimental environments. Please make sure that sufficient samples are available.
    • Kits from different batches may be a little different in detection range, sensitivity and color developing time.
    • Do not mix or substitute reagents from one kit lot to another. Use only the reagents supplied by manufacturer.
    • Protect all reagents from strong light during storage and incubation. All the bottle caps of reagents should be covered tightly to prevent the evaporation and contamination of microorganism.
    • There may be some foggy substance in the wells when the plate is opened at the first time. It will not have any effect on the final assay results. Do not remove microtiter plate from the storage bag until needed.
    • Wrong operations during the reagents preparation and loading, as well as incorrect parameter setting for the plate reader may lead to incorrect results. A microplate plate reader with a bandwidth of 10nm or less and an optical density range of 0-3 O.D. or greater at 450 ± 10nm wavelength is acceptable for use in absorbance measurement. Please read the instruction carefully and adjust the instrument prior to the experiment.
    • Even the same operator might get different results in two separate experiments. In order to get better reproducible results, the operation of every step in the assay should be controlled. Furthermore, a preliminary experiment before assay for each batch is recommended.
    • Each kit has been strictly passed Q.C test. However, results from end users might be inconsistent with our in-house data due to some unexpected transportation conditions or different lab equipments. Intra-assay variance among kits from different batches might arise from above factors, too.
    • Kits from different manufacturers for the same item might produce different results, since we have not compared our products with other manufacturers.

    Information on standard material:
    The standard might be recombinant protein or natural protein, that will depend on the specific kit. Moreover, the expression system is E.coli or yeast or mammal cell. There is 0.05% proclin 300 in the standard as preservative.

    Information on reagents:
    The stop solution used in the kit is sulfuric acid with concentration of 1 mol/L. And the wash solution is TBS. The standard diluent contains 0.02 % sodium azide, assay diluent A and assay diluent B contain 0.01% sodium azide. Some kits can contain is BSA in them.

    Information on antibodies:
    The provided antibodies and their host vary in different kits.

    Sample Volume
    100 μL
    Assay Time
    3 h
    1. Prepare all reagents, samples and standards,
    2. Add 100μL standard or sample to each well. Incubate 1 hours at 37 °C,
    3. Aspirate and add 100μL prepared Detection Reagent A. Incubate 1 hour at 37 °C,
    4. Aspirate and wash 3 times,
    5. Add 100μL prepared Detection Reagent B. Incubate 30 minutes at 37 °C,
    6. Aspirate and wash 5 times,
    7. Add 90μL Substrate Solution. Incubate 10-20 minutes at 37 °C,
    8. Add 50μL Stop Solution. Read at 450nm immediately.
    Reagent Preparation
    1. Bring all kit components and samples to room temperature (18-25 °C) before use. If the kit will not be used up in one time, please only take out strips and reagents for present experiment, and leave the remaining strips and reagents in required condition.
    2. Standard - Reconstitute the Standard with 1.0 mL of Standard Diluent, kept for 10 minutes at room temperature, shake gently(not to foam). The concentration of the standard in the stock solution is 6,000pg/mL. Please firstly dilute the stock solution to 3,000pg/mL and the diluted standard serves as the highest standard (3,000pg/mL). Then prepare 7 tubes containing 0.5 mL Standard Diluent and use the diluted standard to produce a double dilution series according to the picture shown below. Mix each tube thoroughly before the next transfer. Set up 7 points of diluted standard such as 3,000pg/mL, 1,500pg/mL, 750pg/mL, 375pg/mL, 187.5pg/mL, 93.75pg/mL, 46.88pg/mL, and the last EP tubes with Standard Diluent is the blank as 0pg/mL.
    3. Detection Reagent A and Detection Reagent B - Briefly spin or centrifuge the stock Detection A and Detection B before use. Dilute them to the working concentration 100-fold with Assay Diluent A and B, respectively.
    4. Wash Solution - Dilute 20 mL of Wash Solution concentrate (30x) with 580 mL of deionized or distilled water to prepare 600 mL of Wash Solution (1x).
    5. TMB substrate - Aspirate the needed dosage of the solution with sterilized tips and do not dump the residual solution into the vial again.


    1. Making serial dilution in the wells directly is not permitted.
    2. Prepare standards within 15 minutes before assay. Please do not dissolve the reagents at 37 °C directly.
    3. Please carefully reconstitute Standards or working Detection Reagent A and B according to the instruction, and avoid foaming and mix gently until the crystals are completely dissolved. To minimize imprecision caused by pipetting, use small volumes and ensure that pipettors are calibrated. It is recommended to suck more than 10μL for one pipetting.
    4. The reconstituted Standards, Detection Reagent A and Detection Reagent B can be used only once.
    5. If crystals have formed in the Wash Solution concentrate (30x), warm to room temperature and mix gently until the crystals are completely dissolved.
    6. Contaminated water or container for reagent preparation will influence the detection result.
    Assay Procedure
    1. Determine wells for diluted standard, blank and sample. Prepare wells for standard points and blank. Add 100μL each of dilutions of standard (read Reagent Preparation), blank and samples into the appropriate wells, respectively. Cover with the Plate sealer. Incubate for 1 hour at 37 °C.
    2. Remove the liquid of each well, don't wash.
    3. Add 100μL of Detection Reagent A working solution to each well, cover the wells with the plate sealer and incubate for 1 hour at 37 °C.
    4. Aspirate the solution and wash with 350μL of 1x Wash Solution to each well using a squirt bottle, multi-channel pipette, manifold dispenser or autowasher, and let it sit for 1-2 minutes. Remove the remaining liquid from all wells completely by snapping the plate onto absorbent paper. Totally wash 3 times. After the last wash, remove any remaining Wash Buffer by aspirating or decanting. Invert the plate and blot it against absorbent paper.
    5. Add 100μL of Detection Reagent B working solution to each well, cover the wells with the plate sealer and incubate for 30 minutes at 37 °C.
    6. Repeat the aspiration/wash process for total 5 times as conducted in step 4.
    7. Add 90μL of Substrate Solution to each well. Cover with a new Plate sealer. Incubate for 10 - 20 minutes at 37 °C (Don't exceed 30 minutes). Protect from light. The liquid will turn blue by the addition of Substrate Solution.
    8. Add 50μL of Stop Solution to each well. The liquid will turn yellow by the addition of Stop solution. Mix the liquid by tapping the side of the plate. If color change does not appear uniform, gently tap the plate to ensure thorough mixing.
    9. Remove any drop of water and fingerprint on the bottom of the plate and confirm there is no bubble on the surface of the liquid. Then, run the microplate reader and conduct measurement at 450nm immediately.
    1. Assay preparation: Keep appropriate numbers of wells for each experiment and remove extra wells from microplate. Rest wells should be resealed and stored at -20 °C.
    2. Samples or reagents addition:Please use the freshly prepared Standard. Please carefully add samples to wells and mix gently to avoid foaming. Do not touch the well wall. For each step in the procedure, total dispensing time for addition of reagents or samples to the assay plate should not exceed 10 minutes. This will ensure equal elapsed time for each pipetting step, without interruption. Duplication of all standards and specimens, although not required, is recommended. To avoid cross-contamination, change pipette tips between additions of standards, samples, and reagents. Also, use separated reservoirs for each reagent.
    3. Incubation: To ensure accurate results, proper adhesion of plate sealers during incubation steps is necessary. Do not allow wells to sit uncovered for extended periods between incubation steps. Once reagents are added to the well strips, DO NOT let the strips DRY at any time during the assay. Incubation time and temperature must be controlled.
    4. Washing: The wash procedure is critical. Complete removal of liquid at each step is essential for good performance. After the last wash, remove any remaining Wash Solution by aspirating or decanting and remove any drop of water and fingerprint on the bottom of the plate. Insufficient washing will result in poor precision and false elevated absorbance reading.
    5. Controlling of reaction time: Observe the change of color after adding TMB Substrate (e.g. observation once every 10 minutes), if the color is too deep, add Stop Solution in advance to avoid excessively strong reaction which will result in inaccurate absorbance reading.
    6. TMB Substrate is easily contaminated. Please protect it from light.
    7. The environment humidity which is less than 60 % might have some effects on the final performance, therefore, a humidifier is recommended to be used at that condition.
    Calculation of Results

    Average the duplicate readings for each standard, control, and samples and subtract the average zero standard optical density. Construct a standard curve by plotting the mean O.D. and concentration for each standard and draw a best fit curve through the points on the graph or create a standard curve on log-log graph paper with target concentration on the y-axis and absorbance on the x-axis. Using some plot software, for instance, curve expert 1.30, is also recommended. If samples have been diluted, the concentration read from the standard curve must be multiplied by the dilution factor.

    In order to make the calculation easier, we plot the O.D. value of the standard (X-axis) against the known concentration of the standard (Y-axis), although concentration is the independent variable and O.D. value is the dependent variable. However, the O.D. values of the standard curve may vary according to the conditions of assay performance (e.g. operator, pipetting technique, washing technique or temperature effects), plotting log of the data to establish standard curve for each test is recommended. Typical standard curve below is provided for reference only.

    Assay Precision
    Intra-assay Precision (Precision within an assay): 3 samples with low, middle and high level of target were tested 20 times on one plate, respectively.
    Inter-assay Precision (Precision between assays): 3 samples with low, middle and high level of target were tested on 3 different plates, 8 replicates in each plate.
    CV(%) = SD/meanX100
    Intra-Assay: CV < 10%
    Inter-Assay: CV < 12%
    For Research Use only
  • Precaution of Use
    The Stop Solution suggested for use with this kit is an acid solution. Wear eye, hand, face, and clothing protection when using this material.
    Handling Advice
    The stability of kit is determined by the loss rate of activity. The loss rate of this kit is less than 5 % within the expiration date under appropriate storage condition.
    To minimize extra influence on the performance, operation procedures and lab conditions, especially room temperature, air humidity, incubator temperature should be strictly controlled. It is also strongly suggested that the whole assay is performed by the same operator from the beginning to the end.
    4 °C,-20 °C
    Storage Comment
    • For unused kit: All the reagents should be kept according to the labels on vials. The Standard, Detection Reagent A, Detection Reagent B and the 96-well strip plate should be stored at -20 °C upon receipt while the others should be at 4 °C.
    • For used kit: When the kit is used, the remaining reagents need to be stored according to the above storage condition. Besides, please return the unused wells to the foil pouch containing the desiccant pack, and zip-seal the foil pouch.
    It is highly recommended to use the remaining reagents within 1 month provided this is prior to the expiration date of the kit. For the expiration date of the kit, please refer to the label on the kit box. All components are stable up to the expiration date.

    Expiry Date
    6 months
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    Lee, Wang, Li, Liu: "Anti-inflammatory effect of cinnamaldehyde and linalool from the leaf essential oil of Cinnamomum osmophloeum Kanehira in endotoxin-induced mice." in: Journal of food and drug analysis, Vol. 26, Issue 1, pp. 211-220, 2019 (PubMed).

    Park, Kim, Kim, Chang: "Luteolin activates ERK1/2- and Ca2+-dependent HO-1 induction that reduces LPS-induced HMGB1, iNOS/NO, and COX-2 expression in RAW264.7 cells and mitigates acute lung injury of endotoxin mice." in: Inflammation research : official journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et al.], Vol. 67, Issue 5, pp. 445-453, 2018 (PubMed).

    Kim, Park, Kim, Chang: "Sirt1 S-nitrosylation induces acetylation of HMGB1 in LPS-activated RAW264.7 cells and endotoxemic mice." in: Biochemical and biophysical research communications, Vol. 501, Issue 1, pp. 73-79, 2018 (PubMed).

    Wang, Li, Deng, Liu, He: "Ursolic Acid Ameliorates Inflammation in Cerebral Ischemia and Reperfusion Injury Possibly via High Mobility Group Box 1/Toll-Like Receptor 4/NFκB Pathway." in: Frontiers in neurology, Vol. 9, pp. 253, 2018 (PubMed).

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    Chen, Fang, Li, Chen, Li, Gong, Fang: "Glycyrrhizin ameliorates experimental colitis through attenuating interleukin-17-producing T cell responses via regulating antigen-presenting cells." in: Immunologic research, Vol. 65, Issue 3, pp. 666-680, 2017 (PubMed).

    Chaochao, Lou, Yang, Liu, Hu, Min, Chen, He, Chen: "Macrophage Inflammatory Protein-2 in High Mobility Group Box 1 Secretion of Macrophage Cells Exposed to Lipopolysaccharide." in: Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology, Vol. 42, Issue 3, pp. 913-928, 2017 (PubMed).

    Yadav, Rani, Deep, Singh, Palle: "Oxidative Stress in Metabolic Disorders: Pathogenesis, Prevention, and Therapeutics." in: Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity, Vol. 2016, pp. 9137629, 2016 (PubMed).

    Yu, Yu, Liu, Yu, Liu, Liu, Su, Jiang, Chen: "Ethyl pyruvate attenuated coxsackievirus B3-induced acute viral myocarditis by suppression of HMGB1/RAGE/NF-ΚB pathway." in: SpringerPlus, Vol. 5, pp. 215, 2016 (PubMed).

    Kopecka, Porto, Lusa, Gazzano, Salzano, Pinzòn-Daza, Giordano, Desiderio, Ghigo, De Rosa, Caraglia, Riganti: "Zoledronic acid-encapsulating self-assembling nanoparticles and doxorubicin: a combinatorial approach to overcome simultaneously chemoresistance and immunoresistance in breast tumors." in: Oncotarget, Vol. 7, Issue 15, pp. 20753-72, 2016 (PubMed).

    Liu, Ma, Sun, Li, Wang: "High Mobility Group Box1 Protein Is Involved in Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Induced by Clostridium difficile Toxin A." in: BioMed research international, Vol. 2016, pp. 4130834, 2016 (PubMed).

    Chen, Li, Khan, Shi, Wang, Zheng, Gong, Fang: "HMGB1 exacerbates experimental mouse colitis by enhancing innate lymphoid cells 3 inflammatory responses via promoted IL-23 production." in: Innate immunity, Vol. 22, Issue 8, pp. 696-705, 2016 (PubMed).

    Wu, Sheng, Xie, Li, Chen, Li, Wang, Xu: "Reduced HMGB 1-Mediated Pathway and Oxidative Stress in Resveratrol-Treated Diabetic Mice: A Possible Mechanism of Cardioprotection of Resveratrol in Diabetes Mellitus." in: Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity, Vol. 2016, pp. 9836860, 2016 (PubMed).

    Kim, Ha, Kim, Park, Kim, Park, Kim, Chung, Chang: "Ascorbic acid reduces HMGB1 secretion in lipopolysaccharide-activated RAW 264.7 cells and improves survival rate in septic mice by activation of Nrf2/HO-1 signals." in: Biochemical pharmacology, Vol. 95, Issue 4, pp. 279-89, 2015 (PubMed).

    Sun, Chen, Dai, Zou, Gao, Wu, Ming, Lai, Xiao, Xiong, Xu, Gong, Zheng: "HMGB1 expression patterns during the progression of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis." in: Journal of neuroimmunology, Vol. 280, pp. 29-35, 2015 (PubMed).

    Kim, Kim, Chang: "Glycyrrhizin reduces HMGB1 secretion in lipopolysaccharide-activated RAW 264.7 cells and endotoxemic mice by p38/Nrf2-dependent induction of HO-1." in: International immunopharmacology, Vol. 26, Issue 1, pp. 112-8, 2015 (PubMed).

    Chen, Sun, Lai, Wu, Xiao, Ming, Gao, Zou, Xiong, Xu, Tan, Gong, Zheng: "Interleukin-33 is released in spinal cord and suppresses experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in mice." in: Neuroscience, Vol. 308, pp. 157-68, 2015 (PubMed).

    Jiang, Wang, Yun, Hajrasouliha, Zhao, Sun, Kaplan, Shao: "HMGB1 release triggered by the interaction of live retinal cells and uveitogenic T cells is Fas/FasL activation-dependent." in: Journal of neuroinflammation, Vol. 12, pp. 179, 2015 (PubMed).

  • Target
    Alternative Name
    High Mobility Group Protein 1 (HMGB1) (HMGB1 ELISA Kit Abstract)
    HMG1, HMG3, SBP-1, DEF, HMG-1, Hmg1, amphoterin, p30, hmgb1, ik:tdsubc_1a5, wu:fb23c02, xx:tdsubc_1a5, zgc:56110, zgc:77104, hmg-1, hmg3, sbp-1, hmg1, HMGB1, Ac2-008, high mobility group box 1, high-mobility group box 1, high mobility group box 1a, high mobility group box 1 L homeolog, high mobility group protein B1, HMGB1, Hmgb1, hmgb1, hmgb1a, hmgb1.L, LOC100359149
    p53 Signaling, Regulation of Muscle Cell Differentiation, Skeletal Muscle Fiber Development, Positive Regulation of Endopeptidase Activity, Regulation of Carbohydrate Metabolic Process, Toll-Like Receptors Cascades, Smooth Muscle Cell Migration, Inflammasome
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