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Human TSH receptor Protein expressed in Wheat germ - ABIN1330596
Nagata, Nakayama, Higaki, Ochi, Kanai, Matsushita, Kuwamoto, Kato, Murakami, Iwasaki, Nanba, Kimura, Hayashi: Reactivation of persistent Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) causes secretion of thyrotropin receptor antibodies (TRAbs) in EBV-infected B lymphocytes with TRAbs on their surface. in Autoimmunity 2015
Show all 2 Pubmed References
Functional thyroid differentiation in zebrafish was examined and the role of TSHR signaling during thyroid organogenesis, was characterized.
Genetic polymorphisms of CTLA-4 gene on the nucleotide 49 at codon 17 of exon 1, TSHR gene SNP rs2268458 of intron 1, number of regulatory T cells and TRAb levels play a role as risk factors for relapse in patients with Graves' disease.
Overexpression of TSHR was found in a great majority of hepatocellular carcinomatissues and associated with unfavorable prognosis
Signaling dissection using diverse inhibitors indicated that EOC cell proliferation driven by thyrostimulin (show GPHa2 Proteins)-TSHR signaling is PKA independent, but does require the involvement of the MEK (show MAP2K1 Proteins)-ERK (show EPHB2 Proteins) and PI3K (show PIK3CA Proteins)-AKT (show AKT1 Proteins) signal cascades, which are activated mainly via the trans-activation of EGFR (show EGFR Proteins)
Among the evaluated TSHR gene SNPs, the rs4411444 GG genotype and the rs4903961 C allele in the enhancer regions of the TSHR gene were most strongly associated with the development of Graves disease, especially intractable disease, and that of Hashimoto disease, respectively.
Low expression of TSHR is associated with dilated cardiomyopathy and impaired left ventricular function accompanied by increased risk of death.
Data suggest iodination of TG is involved in regulation of NIS expression in thyroid follicle via TSH/TSHR signaling; NIS expression and PKA activity are up-regulated by lowly iodinated TG; NIS expression is down-regulated and PKC (show PRRT2 Proteins) activity up-regulated by highly iodinated TG. (TG, thyroglobulin (show TG Proteins); NIS, sodium/iodide symporter; PK, protein kinase (show CDK7 Proteins); TSH, thyroid-stimulating hormone; TSHR, thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor)
Monoallelic TSHR mutations are significantly associated with positive newborn screen for congenital hypothyroidism, and the association is further strengthened by the coexistence of monoallelic DUOX2 (show DUOX2 Proteins) mutations.
findings proved that iodinated TG in thyroid follicular lumen regulated TTF-1 and PAX8 expression through thyroid stimulating hormone/thyroid stimulating hormone receptor (TSH/TSHR) mediated cAMP-PKA and PLC-PKC signaling pathways.
The role of TSH Receptor cleavage into subunits and shedding of the A-Subunit in Graves' disease pathogenesis is reviewed.
Data (including data from studies using knockout mice) suggest that thyrotropin/thyrotropin receptor signal transduction stimulates thyroglobulin (show TG Proteins) phosphorylation and contributes to enhanced de novo triiodothyronine formation in thyrocytes.
Data suggest that stimulation of Tsh/Tshr signaling increases apoptosis and suppresses autophagy in primary chondrocytes.
Unlike its critical role in maintaining the normal growth and function of the thyroid gland, our results demonstrated that hepatic TSHR is involved in liver lipid metabolism and has little effect on energy metabolism.
Data indicate that splenic T cells from thyroid stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) A-subunit primed animals undergoing Graves' orbitopathy (GO) showed proliferative responses to purified TSHR antigen and secreted proinflammatory cytokines.
Lung fibroblasts of TSHR KO mice have decreased cell surface Igf1r (show IGF1R Proteins) expression, and have Igf1r (show IGF1R Proteins) protein and protein fragments in both cytoplasm and nucleus. Igf1r (show IGF1R Proteins) mRNA levels were similar between TSHR KO and WT mice.
The mechanism, underlying TSH-induced liver triglyceride accumulation, involved that TSH, through its receptor TSHR, triggered hepatic SREBP-1c (show SREBF1 Proteins) activity.
These findings suggest that activation of TSHR directly inhibits FASN (show FASN Proteins) expression in mature adipocytes, possibly mediated by PKA and ERK (show EPHB2 Proteins)
A novel role for TSHR in behavioral and neurological phenotypes of Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
The data indicate functional TSHR is expressed in ventricular myocytes and mediates TSH-induced BNP secretion and HMGCR (show HMGCR Proteins) up-regulation through the cAMP/PKA/pCREB signaling pathway.
findings demonstrate TSH-R expression is thymus-specific within the immune system; data support the notion of a novel neuroendocrine-immune interaction in which TSH-R signaling in the thymus, most likely mediated by TSH, enhances thymic T-cell development
The inhibition of hepatic PEPCK (show PEPCK Proteins) and G6P and enhanced expression of GK contributed to the development of fasting hypoglycemia in Tshr-ko mice.
Localization of thyrotropin receptor and thyroglobulin (show TG Proteins) in the bovine corpus luteum.
analysis of activation switch in the thyrotropin receptor
Rhes (show RASD2 Proteins) can interfere with the functional activity of wt and mutated TSHr.
Increased receptor binding by bovine (b) TSH bound to monoclonal antibody to bTSHbeta-subunit.
the hinge region represents an extracellular intermediate connector for both hormone binding and signal transduction of the thyroid stimulating hormone receptor
The equine TSHR is not responsive to equine chorionic gonadotropin but is more sensitive to human CG than the human TSHR
The protein encoded by this gene is a membrane protein and a major controller of thyroid cell metabolism. The encoded protein is a receptor for thyrothropin and thyrostimulin, and its activity is mediated by adenylate cyclase. Defects in this gene are a cause of several types of hyperthyroidism. Three transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.
, thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor
, thyrotropin receptor
, seven transmembrane helix receptor
, thyrotropin receptor-I, hTSHR-I