Acid sensing ion channel ASIC1 is present in brain as a 4.3-kb transcript with localization to rat dorsal root ganglia. In situ hybridization of rat brain suggests that ASIC1 is most abundant in the main olfactory bulb, cerebral cortex, hippocampal formation, habenula, basolateral amygdaloid nuclei and cerebellum. ASIC1 and H+-gated currents may contribute to the development of fear and anxiety. ASIC2, also designated amiloride-sensitive cation channel 1, neuronal (ACCN1), mammalian degenerin, BNAC1 (MDEG) and brain Na+ channel 1, mediates the normal detection of light touch. ASIC2 mRNA is abundant in brain, specifically in neurons. ASIC2 is expressed as 2.7- and 3.7-kb transcripts in brain and spinal cord tissues. ASIC3, also designated SLNAC1 and TNaC1, mediates detection of lasting pH changes and is involved in modulating moderate- to high-intensity pain sensation. ASIC4, also designated ACCN4 and BNAC4, is abundant in pituitary gland and is also present in the inner ear.
Subcellular location: Extracellular
Synonyms: ASIC1, ACCN2, ACCN2_HUMAN, Acid sensing ion channel 1, Acid sensing ion channel 1a protein, Acid sensing ion channel, Acid-sensing ion channel 1, AI843610, Amiloride sensitive cation channel 2 neuronal, Amiloride-sensitive cation channel 2, ASIC, ASIC1, ASIC1A, B530003N02Rik, BNAC2, Brain sodium channel 2, Cation channel amiloride sensitive neuronal 2, hBNaC2, neuronal.