Synonyms: ERK 1,ERK,ERK-1,ERK1,ERT 2,ERT2,Extracellular Signal Regulated Kinase 1,Extracellular signal related kinase 1,Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1,HGNC6877,HS44KDAP,HUMKER1A,Insulin Stimulated MAP2 Kinase,Insulin-stimulated MAP2 kinase,MAP kinase 1,MAP kinase 3,MAP Kinase,MAP kinase isoform p44,MAPK 1,MAPK 3,MAPK,MAPK1,Mapk3,MGC20180,Microtubule Associated Protein 2 Kinase,Microtubule-associated protein 2 kinase,Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase 3,Mitogen-activated protein kinase 1,Mitogen-activated protein kinase 3,MK03,OTTHUMP00000174538,OTTHUMP00000174541,p44 ERK1,p44 MAPK,p44-ERK1,p44-MAPK,P44ERK1,P44MAPK,PRKM 3,PRKM3,Protein Kinase Mitogen Activated 3
Background: The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the MAP kinase family. MAP kinases, also known as extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs), act in a signaling cascade that regulates various cellular processes such as proliferation, differentiation, and cell cycle progression in response to a variety of extracellular signals. This kinase is activated by upstream kinases, resulting in its translocation to the nucleus where it phosphorylates nuclear targets. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different protein isoforms have been described.