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Phosphotyrosine (phosphorylated) antibody (Biotin)

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Antigen
Epitope
phosphorylated
39
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
Reactivity
Amino Acid
109
52
45
29
29
27
25
9
9
5
1
Host
Rabbit
181
62
2
Clonality
Polyclonal
Conjugate
Biotin
26
24
17
16
7
4
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Application
Western Blotting (WB)
179
110
85
78
73
53
28
27
11
7
7
2
1
1
1
1
1
Supplier
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Immunogen Phosphotyrosine conjugated to KLH
Isotype IgG
Purification Affinity Chromatography
Target Type Amino Acid
Background Protein phosphorylation is an important posttranslational modification that serves many key functions to regulate a protein's activity, localization, and protein-protein interactions. Phosphorylation is catalyzed by various specific protein kinases, which involves removing a phosphate group from ATP and covalently attaching it to a recipient protein that acts as a substrate. Most kinases act on both serine and threonine, others act on tyrosine, and a number (dual specificity kinases) act on all three. Because phosphorylation can occur at multiple sites on any given protein, it can therefore change the function or localization of that protein at any time (1). Changing the function of these proteins has been linked to a number of diseases, including cancer, diabetes, heart disease, inflammation and neurological disorders (2-4). In particular, the phosphorylation of tyrosine is considered one of the key steps in signal transduction and regulation of enzymatic activity (5). Phosphotyrosine can be detected through specific antibodies, and are helpful in facilitating the identification of tyrosine kinase substrates (6).
Research Area Signaling, Metabolism, Amino Acids, Protein Modifications
Application Notes Western blot (7).
Other applications not tested.
Optimal dilutions are dependent on conditions and should be determined by the user.
Restrictions For Research Use only
Format Liquid
Concentration 0.25 mg/mL
Buffer PBS, 0.01 % Sodium Azide
Preservative Sodium azide
Precaution of Use This product contains sodium azide: a POISONOUS AND HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE which should be handled by trained staff only.
Handling Advice Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.
Storage 4 °C/-20 °C
Storage Comment Store undiluted at 2-8 °C for one month or (in aliquots) at -20 °C for longer.
Background publications Goto, Kiyono, Tomono et al.: "Complex formation of Plk1 and INCENP required for metaphase-anaphase transition." in: Nature cell biology, Vol. 8, Issue 2, pp. 180-7, 2006 (PubMed).

Downward: "The ins and outs of signalling." in: Nature, Vol. 411, Issue 6839, pp. 759-62, 2001 (PubMed).

Blume-Jensen, Hunter: "Oncogenic kinase signalling." in: Nature, Vol. 411, Issue 6835, pp. 355-65, 2001 (PubMed).

Pawson, Saxton: "Signaling networks--do all roads lead to the same genes?" in: Cell, Vol. 97, Issue 6, pp. 675-8, 1999 (PubMed).

Frackelton, Ross, Eisen: "Characterization and use of monoclonal antibodies for isolation of phosphotyrosyl proteins from retrovirus-transformed cells and growth factor-stimulated cells." in: Molecular and cellular biology, Vol. 3, Issue 8, pp. 1343-52, 1983 (PubMed).