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Solute Carrier Family 18 (Vesicular Acetylcholine), Member 3 (SLC18A3) (AA 475-530), (C-Term) antibody Primary Antibody

SLC18A3 Reactivity: Mouse, Rat IHC, WB Host: Guinea Pig Polyclonal
Pubmed (4) Independent Validation (1)
Catalog No. ABIN1742304
$484.00
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50 μg
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  • Target
    Binding Specificity
    C-Term, AA 475-530
    Reactivity
    Mouse, Rat
    Host
    Guinea Pig
    Clonality
    Polyclonal
    Conjugate
    Un-conjugated
    Application
    Immunohistochemistry (IHC), Western Blotting (WB)
    Specificity
    Specific for VAChT.
    Purification
    Affinity purified with the immunogen. Guinea pig serum albumin was added for stabilization.
    Immunogen
    Strep-Tag® fusion protein of the C-terminal part of rat VAChT (aa 475-530).
  • Application Notes
    WB: 1 : 500 up to 1 : 1000 (AP staining)
    IP: not tested yet
    ICC: not tested yet
    IHC: 1 : 100 up to 1 : 300
    Comment

    This antibody is less sensitive compared to the rabbit antibody. VAChT aggregates after boiling, making it necessary to run SDS-PAGE only with non-boiled samples.

    Restrictions
    For Research Use only
  • Validation #101568 (Immunofluorescence)
    'Independent Validation' Badge
    by
    Martinelli Lab, Neuroscience Department, UConn Health
    No.
    #101568
    Date
    09/05/2017
    Antigen
    SLC18A3
    Lot Number
    139105/6
    Method validated
    Immunofluorescence
    Positive Control
    Organ of Corti tissue dissected from the cochlea of the inner ear, from a WT mouse, C57BL/6 strain, 10 weeks old
    Negative Control
    Primary and secondary only antibody controls
    Notes
    Passed. ABIN1742304 specifically recognizes SLC18A3 with little background signal in murine organ of Corti tissue dissected from the cochlea of the inner ear.
    'Independent Validation' Badge
    Validation Images
    Full Methods
    Primary Antibody
    ABIN1742304
    Secondary Antibody
    goat anti-guinea pig AF633 conjugated antibody (Life Technologies, A21105, lot 1812311)
    Full Protocol
    • Dissect organ of Corti from the mouse cochlea in the inner ear as described in Maison, Liberman, and Liberman (2016).
    • Cryoprotect and freeze/thaw to permeabilized the tissue:
      • Transfer cochlear pieces to a 5ml disposable cup with approximately 1ml of 30% sucrose in 100mM phosphate buffer (PB) at RT.
      • Incubate tissue on a shaker for 15min at RT.
      • Wash tisse with 30% sucrose in PB at RT.
      • Incubate tissue on a shaker for 15min at RT.
      • Place cup on dry ice untill contents freeze completely.
      • Allow cup to thaw at RT.
      • Pipet out the sucrose solution and wash tissue 3x for 15min with PBS containing 0.1% triton X-100 on a shaker at RT.
    • Block tissue with 5% goat serum containing 0.3% Triton-X on a shaker for 30-60 min at RT.
    • Pipet out PBS + detergent and add blocking solution (supplier, product no, lot no).
    • Cut cap off a 1.5ml microcentrifuge tube and transfer pieces in the blocking solution to the flipped upside-down cap.
    • Incubate tissue in the flipped upside-down caps with 100µl primary
      • guinea pig anti-SLC18A3 antibody (antibodies-online, ABIN1742304, lot 139105/6) diluted 1:300
      • chicken anti-Parvalbumin (Synaptic Systems, 195006) diluted 1:400
    • in blocking solution ON at RT on an agitator. Fasten tubes onto the caps and and protect them from the light.
    • Pipet out the primaries.
    • Rinse tissue 3x for a total of 10 min with PBS containing 0.1 % Triton X-100.
    • Incubate tissue in the flipped upside-down caps with 100µl secondary
      • goat anti-guinea pig AF633 conjugated antibody (Life Technologies, A21105, lot 1812311)
      • goat anti-chicken AF488 conjugated antibody (Life Technologies, A11039, lot 1812246)
    • diluted 1:300 in blocking solution for 1h at RT away from the light.
    • Rinse tissue 3x for a total of 10min with PBS.
    • Transfer tissue pieces onto a slide with stereocilia facing up.
    • Add mounting Fluoromount-G with DAPI mounting medium (ThermoFisher Scientific, 00-4959-52, lot B2215-N915) then coverslip.
    • Image acquisition on a Zeiss Axiovert epifluorescence with with a 63x objective, using a Zeiss ApoTome for optical sectioning.
    Experimental Notes
    • The observed signal on outer hair cells in the organ of Corti for ABIN1742304 appears indistinguishable to the published and expected signal documented in numerous publications (see e.g. figure 4 in Maison, Liberman, and Liberman (2016)).

    • No signal was observed in either of the negative controls. ABIN1742304 worked very well at 1:300 dilution. It could probably be further diluted and still achieve acceptable signal to noise ratio.

    • No signal was observed with the secondary antibody only negative control.

  • Format
    Lyophilized
    Reconstitution
    For reconstitution add 50 µL H2O to get a 1mg/ml solution of antibody in PBS. Then aliquot and store at -20 °C until use.
    Buffer
    PBS
    Handling Advice
    Affinity purified antibodies are less robust than antisera, since protease inhibitors are also removed during purification. Hence, storage at 4 °C for prolonged periods (i.e. several weeks), is not recommended.
    Storage
    -20 °C
    Storage Comment
    Unlabeled lyophilized antibodies are stable in this form without loss of quality at ambient temperatures for several weeks or even months. They can be stored at 4°C for several years. Lyophilized antibodies must not be stored in the freezer, they may be destroyed!
  • Cao, Gou, Du, Fan, Liang, Yan, Lin, Jin, Du: "Glutamatergic and central cholinergic dysfunction in the CA1, CA2 and CA3 fields on spatial learning and memory in chronic cerebral ischemia-Induced vascular dementia of rats." in: Neuroscience letters, Vol. 620, pp. 169-176, 2016 (PubMed).

    Downs, Jalloh, Prater, Fregoso, Bond, Hampton, Hoover: "Deletion of neurturin impairs development of cholinergic nerves and heart rate control in postnatal mouse hearts." in: Physiological reports, Vol. 4, Issue 9, 2016 (PubMed).

    Rodella, Scorzeto, Duregotti, Negro, Dickinson, Chang, Yuki, Rigoni, Montecucco: "An animal model of Miller Fisher syndrome: Mitochondrial hydrogen peroxide is produced by the autoimmune attack of nerve terminals and activates Schwann cells." in: Neurobiology of disease, Vol. 96, pp. 95-104, 2016 (PubMed).

    Gallart-Palau, Tarabal, Casanovas, Sábado, Correa, Hereu, Piedrafita, Calderó, Esquerda: "Neuregulin-1 is concentrated in the postsynaptic subsurface cistern of C-bouton inputs to α-motoneurons and altered during motoneuron diseases." in: FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, Vol. 28, Issue 8, pp. 3618-32, 2014 (PubMed).

  • Target
    Alternative Name
    VAChT (SLC18A3 Antibody Abstract)
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