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Rat (Rattus) IL2 Protein expressed in Escherichia coli (E. coli) - ABIN1305120
Thompson, Di Sabato: Purification and characterization of two forms of rat interleukin-2. in Cellular immunology 1988
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Pig (Porcine) IL2 Protein expressed in - ABIN2965535
Stěpánová, Sinkora: The expression of CD25, CD11b, SWC1, SWC7, MHC-II, and family of CD45 molecules can be used to characterize different stages of γδ T lymphocytes in pigs. in Developmental and comparative immunology 2012
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Human IL2 Protein expressed in Escherichia coli (E. coli) - ABIN1305121
Gillis, Ferm, Ou, Smith: T cell growth factor: parameters of production and a quantitative microassay for activity. in Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 1978
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Mouse (Murine) IL2 Protein expressed in Escherichia coli (E. coli) - ABIN1305117
Kashima, Nishi-Takaoka, Fujita, Taki, Yamada, Hamuro, Taniguchi: Unique structure of murine interleukin-2 as deduced from cloned cDNAs. in Nature 1985
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Mouse (Murine) IL2 Protein expressed in Escherichia coli (E. coli) - ABIN988052
Brewin, Mancao, Straathof, Karlsson, Samarasinghe, Amrolia, Pule: Generation of EBV-specific cytotoxic T cells that are resistant to calcineurin inhibitors for the treatment of posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disease. in Blood 2009
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Human IL2 Protein expressed in - ABIN988056
Yu, Chen, Horton, Bansal, McElrath, Reichman, Goepfert, Jin: Interleukin-2 reconstitutes defective human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and cytomegalovirus (CMV) specific CD8+ T cell proliferation in HIV infection. in Journal of medical virology 2006
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Human IL2 Protein expressed in Escherichia coli (E. coli) - ABIN413488
Du, Lopez-Verges, Pitcher, Johnson, Jung, Zhou, Hsu, Czuczman, Cheson, Kaplan, Lanier, Venstrom: CALGB 150905 (Alliance): rituximab broadens the antilymphoma response by activating unlicensed NK cells. in Cancer immunology research 2014
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Human IL2 Protein expressed in Escherichia coli (E. coli) - ABIN1589645
Haustein, Ramer, Linnebacher, Manda, Hinz: Cannabinoids increase lung cancer cell lysis by lymphokine-activated killer cells via upregulation of ICAM-1. in Biochemical pharmacology 2014
Human IL2 Protein expressed in Escherichia coli (E. coli) - ABIN803864
Gakamsky, Luescher, Pramanik, Kopito, Lemonnier, Vogel, Rigler, Pecht: CD8 kinetically promotes ligand binding to the T-cell antigen receptor. in Biophysical journal 2005
Rat (Rattus) IL2 Protein expressed in Escherichia coli (E. coli) - ABIN804324
Mendoza-Naranjo, Saéz, Johansson, Ramírez, Mandakovic, Pereda, López, Kiessling, Sáez, Salazar-Onfray: Functional gap junctions facilitate melanoma antigen transfer and cross-presentation between human dendritic cells. in Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 2007
IL-2 had moderate protein homology (30.9% identity/48.3% similarity) with Fugu IL-2, the only IL-2 homologue identified in fish to date, with lower homology to avian (17.8% identity/23.2% similarity) and mammalian (34.2 identity/46.5% similarity) IL-2s
Pretreatment of neonatal PBMC with IL-1beta, TNF-alpha or IFN-gamma promotes mitogenic response to ConA through up-regulating the production of IL-2 and the expression of the mature IL-2 receptor.
This study was performed to assess potential association of autoimmune hepatitis with interleukin-2 gene single nucleotide polymorphisms
Among infants, an HSP90B1 gene-region variant is associated with BCG-induced IL-2 production and may be associated with protection from TB disease. HSP90B1 knockdown in human monocyte-like cell lines did not influence TLR2 surface localization nor Mtb replication. Together, these data suggest that HSP90B1 regulates T-cell, but not monocyte, responses to mycobacteria in humans.
Isoproterenol-induced beta-2 adrenergic receptor activation negatively regulates interleukin-2 signaling.
this reduction in UBASH3A, as a consequence of the minor allele at rs1893592, resulted in increased secretion of IL-2, a key cytokine that is required for T-cell activation and function but is deficient in some type 1 diabetes (T1D). Our study provides new mechanistic insights into how rs1893592 affects T1D and autoimmunity and how interactions between multiple T1D-associated, noncoding variants influence the disease risk
the co-culture with human T lymphocytes induce the in vitro maturation of human intestinal organoids, and identify STAT3-activating interleukin-2 (IL-2) as the major factor inducing maturation.
This study emphasized on the bone marrow and blood plasma levels of IL-2 in aplastic anaemia and their relationship with disease severity. The results indicate towards the fact that IL-2 may have an important association with the marrow failure of AAA patients and thus can help in disease development. Further study is necessary for better understanding.
The present study demonstrated no association between IL-2 (T-330G), IL-16 (T-295C), and IL-17 (A-7383G) genotypes and CP in an Iranian population.
In contrast with some reports involving the correlation between polymorphisms of the TGF-beta1 and IL-2 genes and inhibitor development in the world, no statistically significant differences in analysis of the alleles and genotypes for TGF-beta and IL-2 genes were found between the inhibitor and non-inhibitor Iranian patients
The current study highlights the possible involvement of the IL-2-330T/G Single Nucleotide Polymorphism in susceptibility to B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma . Moreover, IL-10-1082A/G is not a molecular susceptibility marker for B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma in Egyptians.
interleukin-2 (IL-2) is a non-pancreatic autoimmune target in type 1 diabetes
The IL-2 AC genotype and C allele of IL-2 (-330A>C) gene polymorphisms could be potential protective factors and might reduce the risk of oral cancer in Indian population.
Data show that GIF (ORF117 ) serves as a competitive decoy receptor by leveraging binding hotspots underlying the cognate receptor interactions of granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and interleukin-2 (IL-2).
CD4(+) T cells showed the greatest increase (threefold) in ORMDL3 expression in individuals carrying the asthma-risk alleles, where ORMDL3 negatively regulated interleukin-2 production. The asthma-risk variants rs4065275 and rs12936231 switched CTCF-binding sites in the 17q21 locus.
The main mechanism of elimination of mesenchymal stromal cells is cytotoxicity of NK cells that depended on IL-2 production.
Uremia patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis with hospitalacquired infection had increased serum inflammatory factors and high throughput hemodialysis significantly decreased CRP, IL2 and TNFalpha levels in the serum, suggesting that high throughput hemodialysis may be beneficial for the prevention of the infections in uremia patients.
The simultaneous delivery of multiple proinflammatory payloads to the cancer site conferred protective immunity against subsequent tumor challenges. A fully human homolog of IL2-F8-TNF(mut), which retained selectivity similar to its murine counterpart when tested on human material, may open new clinical applications for the immunotherapy of cancer.
Study found that in SLE patients lymphocyte production of IL-2 did not decrease when compared with that of normal subjects.
Interactions among polymorphisms of IFN-gamma+874 AA, IL-2-330 TT, IL-10-1082 AA, IL10--592 AC and IL-4-589 CC/CT significantly influenced the clinical progression of the subjects with hepatitis B virus and/or hepatitis C virus infection.
Peripheral blood Tregs failed to effectively utilize IL-2 and had relatively little STAT5 phosphorylation in active ankylosing spondylitis.
correction for individual cytokine expression levels revealed qualitative differences of cytokine profiles characterized by significantly increased TNFalpha and decreased IL-2-expressing T-cell proportions in long-term type-1-diabetes patients.
Bivariate genomic footprinting elucidated the c-Maf transcription-factor network...and led to the identification and validation of c-Maf as a negative regulator of IL-2.
Here we focus on the cytokines implicated in thymic development of Treg(T lymphocytes (Treg) expressing the transcription factor Foxp3), with a particular emphasis on the roles of interleukin-2 and IL-15
The authors established that OX40L/OX40 interaction was required and sufficient to induce regulatory T-cell proliferation in vivo independent of PKC- status. Although PKC- is dispensable for T-cell receptor-independent regulatory T-cell proliferation per se, it is essential for optimum IL-2 production by effector T-cells.
Study using a mouse model with reduced IL-2 signaling revealed that IL-2, possibly through the positioning of the genome organizer SATB1, modulates thymic-derived Treg cell epigenetic identity prior to Foxp3 expression.
These studies demonstrate that Th1 CD4(+) T cells require IL-2 for lung T resident memory cell development.
Because IL-2 production was limited to cells receiving the strongest T cell receptor (TCR) signals, a direct link between TCR-signal strength, IL-2 production, and T cell fate determination has been established.
These data highlights the existence of IL-2 trans-presentation between NK cells in the local microenvironment where the availability of IL-2 is limited.
Each mutation decreased STAT5 binding and altered IL-2-induced Il2ra gene expression, revealing that individual elements within the superenhancer were not functionally redundant and that all were required for normal gene expression.
Deleting IL-2 in CD11c(high)MHCII(+) cells induces spontaneous colitis resembling human inflammatory bowel disease.
a significant increase in plasma levels of IL-2, IFN-g and TNF-g was revealed as assessed by ELISA. In conclusion, the results of the present study indicate that MENK has a cytotoxic effect on B16 melanoma cells in vitro and in vivo, and suggest a potential mechanism for these bioactivities.
WASp knockout mice controlled growth of A20 lymphoma cells that naturally produced IL-2.
Tumor growth delays observed by tumor irradiation combined with MVA-MUC1-IL-2 vaccine were significantly more prolonged than those observed by vaccine, radiation, or radiation with MVA empty vector.
IL-2 signalling is essential to prevent deletion of CD4SP CCR7+ Helios+ thymocytes at a later developmental stage than Card11 is required to prevent deletion. The deletion prevented by IL-2 signalling occurs in a Foxp3-independent manner.
in vivo targeting of the TNF superfamily receptor TNFRSF25 using the TL1A-Ig fusion protein, along with IL-2, resulted in transient but massive Treg expansion in donor mice; transplantation of Treg-expanded donor cells facilitated transplant tolerance without GVHD, with complete sparing of graft-versus-malignancy.
IL-2 and IL-6 work together to enhance influenza-specific CD8 T cell generation responding to live influenza virus in aged mice and humans
Genetic ablation of the IL2Rbeta chain on CD8(+) T cells restrains inhibitory receptor induction, in particular 2B4 and Tim-3; precludes terminal differentiation of highly defective PD-1(hi) effectors; and rescues memory T-cell development and responsiveness to IL-7-dependent signals. Together, we ascribe a previously unexpected role to IL-2 and IL-15 as instigators of CD8(+) T-cell exhaustion during chronic viral infe...
this report, we elucidated the unsolved mechanism of the anti-cancer effect of curcumin by identifying IL-2 as a direct molecular target. Curcumin, as a small molecule IL-2 modulator, has the potential to be used to treat IL-2 related pathologic conditions.
Data show that PTEN plays a key role in Th17 cell differentiation by blocking IL-2 expression.
AnxA6 regulates IL-2 homeostasis and sensitivity in T cells by sustaining a lipid raft-like membrane environment.
We observed that besides TCR stimulation Tregs require IL-2 for activation.
a parameter of early mRNA expression during intestinal ischemia reperfusion injury
The isolation and characterization of interleukin 2 from Tibetan swine are reported.
IL-2 activates the STAT3 pathway, protects the lens epithelium cells and reduce the damage caused by inflammation reactions.
The protein encoded by this gene is a secreted cytokine that is important for the proliferation of T and B lymphocytes. The receptor of this cytokine is a heterotrimeric protein complex whose gamma chain is also shared by interleukin 4 (IL4) and interleukin 7 (IL7). The expression of this gene in mature thymocytes is monoallelic, which represents an unusual regulatory mode for controlling the precise expression of a single gene. The targeted disruption of a similar gene in mice leads to ulcerative colitis-like disease, which suggests an essential role of this gene in the immune response to antigenic stimuli.
, T-cell growth factor
, T cell growth factor
, involved in regulation of T-cell clonal expansion
, interleukin-2 precursor protein